As congress and senate come back into session in September, votes on horse related amendments could begin as early as next week.

There is the bad bill…Representative Stewart’s amendment to mass euthanize wild horses.

And Representative Titus’ new amendment that has not been heard yet but would put restrictions back in place and protect all healthy wild horses and burros from being euthanized or slaughtered.


Please make a call to your Federal Representative, and your 2 Federal Senators, and tell them:

vote no on mass euthanasia or the death by any means of your wild horses & burros, and yes on Representative Titus amendment to keep restrictions in place to prevent the destruction of any healthy wild horses or burro.

Find Your Representative

Find Your Senators




Thad Cochran
Phone: (202) 224-5054

Patrick Leahy
Phone: (202) 224-4242

Mitch McConnell
Phone: (202) 224-2541
Fax: (202) 224-2499

Patty Murray
Phone: (202) 224-2621
Fax: (202) 224-0238

Richard Shelby
p: (202) 224-5744

Dianne Feinstein
Phone: (202) 224-3841
Fax: (202) 228-3954

Lamar Alexander
Phone: (202) 224-4944
Fax: (202) 228-3398

Richard Durbin
p: 202.224.2152
f: 202.228.0400

Susan Collins
Main: (202)224-2523
Fax: (202)224-2693

Jack Reed
T: (202) 224-4642
F: (202) 224-4680

Lisa Murkowski KEY CONTACT
Phone: (202)-224-6665
Fax: (202)-224-5301

Jon Tester
Phone: (202) 224-2644
Fax: (202) 224-8594

Lindsey Graham
Office: (202) 224-5972
Fax: (202) 224-3808

(202) 224-6621

Roy Blunt
Phone: (202) 224-5721

Jeanne Shaheen
Ph: (202) 224-2841

Jerry Moran
Phone: (202) 224-6521
Fax: (202) 228-6966

Jeff Merkley KEY CONTACT
Phone: (202) 224-3753
Fax: (202) 228-3997

John Hoeven
P: 202-224-2551

Christopher Coons
Phone:(202) 224-5042

John Boozman
Phone: (202) 224-4843

Brian Schatz
PHONE: (202) 224-3934
FAX: (202) 228-1153

Shelley Moore Capito
Phone: 202-224-6472

Tammy Baldwin
Phone: (202) 224-5653

James Lankford
Phone: (202) 224-5754
Fax: (202) 228-1015

Chris Murphy
@SenMurphyOffice & @ChrisMurphyCT
P: (202) 224-4041
F: (202) 224-9750

Steve Daines
p: (202) 224-2651

Joe Manchin
Phone: 304-342-5855
Fax: 304-343-7144

John Kennedy
Phone: (202) 224-4623
Fax: (202) 228-0447

Chris Van Hollen
Phone (202) 224-4654
Fax: (202) 228-0629

Marco Rubio
(202) 224-3041





Photo Courtesy of Salt Lake City Tribune


Rep Stewart stated during the closed-door Summit that HORSES ON THE RANGE can be euthanized if his current amendment is passed.

This applies to our wild horses on the range as well as the ones in holding. That means our of the approx. 110 thousand wild horses that exist in this country the bill authorizes BLM to kill horses over their arbitrary total AML set for the country of 27,000 wild horses. We need everyone to call their federal representative and their 2 federal senators and tell them you do not support the death, via slaughter or euthanasia, of any healthy or unadoptable wild horses. They should be released and kept on the range and safely managed with birth control vaccines as needed.

Find Your Representative Here

Find Your Senators Here

Amendment Introduced by Rep. Titus to Protect Wild Horses & Burros From Destruction

Representative Dina Titus of NV, Peter King, NY, and Jared Polis, CO, on Thursday filed an amendment to the Interior Appropriations bill that if passed will not allow any portion of the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) budget to be used for the destruction of healthy or unadoptable animals.

The language introduced by Rep. Titus is normally seen in the Agriculture budget and in the past few years was introduce by Senator Udall who for some reason did not include it in his usual language that restricts any funds from use to pay for USDA inspections of horse meat. He did introduce that language this year and it was approved by the Senate. So we will not see horse slaughter plants opening in this country. We hope the SAFE act will make it through, but with the current administration we are not going to put money on that!

Last month during the House Subcommittee Appropriations hearings for the Department of the Interior FY 2018 Bill Representative Chris Stewart of UT introduced a bill lifting such restrictions, claiming for a second year that wild horses are over populated and starving on our public lands.

Rep. Stewart, with support of speeches made by Representative Amodei and Simpson managed to get the amendment passed on a voice vote. Citizens Against Slaughter Immediately sent in complaints of Title 18 violations of the US Criminal Code. Lying to a congressional body for the purpose of furthering their own agenda which we assert is that of the livestock industry, is a Title 18 violation.

We are very happy that Representatives Titus, King and Polis have heard us, and know that this whole crisis of wild horses and burros is a lie created to further diminish a nearly extinct native wildlife species.

Titus Amendment FY2018

Continue reading “Amendment Introduced by Rep. Titus to Protect Wild Horses & Burros From Destruction”



Here’s the really odd twist in the Amazon purchase of Whole Foods…

~~Amazon now owns the company who is the #1 public lands beef purchaser in this country


~~Amazon Smile program allows charities and non-profits to sign up and be included in the list of organizations people can choose for a percentage of their purchase to be paid to


~~Some wild horse advocate groups belong to Amazon Prime


~~Wild horse advocate groups may now get money from the purchase of beef raised on public lands and sold in Whole Foods stores.



Read the whole story of the merge of these two giants here:

The Whole Story






After CAES heard about the wild mares sold, by Burns BLM to Protect the Harvest, we found out 10 fillies were sold to Protect the Harvest, and spayed by an unknown veterinarian at a private facility. The surgical procedure done was oviarectomy via colpotomy according to Rob Sharp, Burns BLM.

According to BLM personnel at the Delta holding facility in UT, it doesn’t seem these mares can be sold to an entity or individual for the purpose of commercial means,  which she felt would include experimenting.

So even though CAES et al. were able to turn around the plan to do these mare sterilization experiments in the corals in Burns, it seems BLM and those that will do anything to get rid of our wild horses, found a way to circumvent the law by selling horses to an entity (thanks to the Stewart Amendment that passed in the Omnibus bill).
Will this become the fate of our wild horses? IS THIS why Rep Stewart is pushing another amendment this year to lift restrictions, does he want to humanely euthanize those in holding and then go out and sterilize mares on the range.
After reading the post from Protect the Harvest at:
it is pretty clear that the plan is to convince the powers that be to sterilize wild mares on the range.
It also seems very likely that the same veterinarian who wanted, and expressed eagerness in perfecting the experimental surgery, is the one who did these. That is Dr Leon Pielstick. The other veterinarian who has been very vocal in supporting these barbaric surgeries is Julie Weikel, a member of the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Council. She stated in a panel discussion last year that she had done these procedures on hundreds of heifers. I am not sure to this day WHY any dairy or beef farmer/rancher would pay to have a cow sterilized.
So right now what we understand is:
~10 young mares were sold to Protect the Harvest
~These mares were sterilized about a week an a half ago
~~The surgeries were done at a private facility
~~The procedure done was ovariectomy via colpotomy
~Protect the Harvest told Rob Sharp from Burns District, BLM that there were no complications
~The fillies will now be sold at the 2017 Reno Snaffle Bit Futurity. Then will be invited back to the 2018 Reno Snaffle Bit Futurity to compete in their own division for a $25 K purse.

Stay tuned as we investigate further.

*Protect the Harvest is led by oil millionaire Forest Lucas. This program of brutalizing mares was under Protect the Harvest leadership of Dave Duquette, a resident of Hermiston, Oregon.

The BLM could roundup and remove nearly one 10% of our surviving wild horses on the range, all from this one gather and removal in Nevada.

Antelope & Triple B Complexes Gather Plan Public Comments Submitted

Image result for Antelope or Triple wild horse

Photo Courtesy of the Bureau of Land Management


Here’s what CAES Board member There Barbour had to say about the gather:
Dear Marc Wells,

Thank you for allowing us to submit a comment, and I do hope you accept this one as it is coming to you after a power outage, a bit late.

The EA does not give the history of each complex, including what the original HMA’s included in it were, and how many were zeroed out, or the authority that decision was based on. You state that the complexes ‘portions located in various areas, were established by RMP’s designed to fulfill a multiple use mandate. We find that the Wild horse and burro areas designated as a result if the WFRHBA of 1971 we to be sanctuaries, or preserves that were to be managed principally for wild horses and/or burros. So designing the RMP for any portion of the original HA’s or WHT’s based on multiple use, in the FLPMA is a failure to follow that law completely, as statements in FLPMA and more specifically in PRIA do not allow for multiple use to override a preexisting land use plan. Therefore, the RMP’ are invalid, flawed, and need to be redone before any EA to consider a round up or removal.

The Complex creation, based on HMA’s which we already small portions of the original HA’s designated as preserves has created an opportunity to adjust AML’s and this has been done in the form of lower AML’s. We find that BLM did not have the authority to dispose of or zero out herd areas, nor did they have the authority to designate small portions within larger areas (HA’s) and confine wild horses to merely those smaller HMA’s. And we find that then wild horses are further squeezed out of their land by then applying multiple use plans for even those HMA’s.

We assert that one alternative that should have been, but was not considered was to repatriate lands that were removed from the original HA or HA’s within the project areas. And a hard look is taken at what animals are on the land, and assessing a big picture look at what species are there and what species could be contributing to land degradation. No such studies have ever been done, but wild horses are blamed for damage with multiple use plans, where livestock are, other wildlife are, and to make the statement that we are removing the 1 horse, but not the 37 livestock (ratio of horse: livestock on public lands), and not considering the number of other wildlife species that may contribute to the land health is not a responsible land management decision.

We also feel that the BLM dismisses fertility control through PZP, and the use of volunteers to administer the vaccines and keep records. When the claim has been made that care of wild horses and burros in the holding areas and off range long term holding are costing too much of the budget, you must also find that it is not fiscally sound to remove nearly 7,000 wild horses and add them to the 50,000 wild horses currently in holding.  An increase of 14% of what is there now. You have not provided the budget plan to care for the horses in holding if this plan is implemented. Where will they be shipped, housed, at what expense, and where is that money going to come from when the budget now, and the proposed FY 2018 budget certainly do not have room for horses removed on this scale that will need ongoing human care for the rest of their lives as very few are adopted?

The EA needs to consider the Human impact, and that means with the gather, of this huge numbers being removed, will have a profound impact on the people, on tourism, and the overall genetic survival of the herds.. The population claims made of 20 – 25% are not supported by your pdf census files, and a REAL Inventory has not been done. The should be no roundup for removals until those real inventories are done.

The EA states there is heavy to severe utilization on key forage, and degradation of water sources. The EA must include an analysis of how many of each species was also on the land, how long ago did livestock get removed, and did the land have adequate time to rest before the horses were blamed for the damage. You claim in the EA that wild horses exceed forage allocated them, again we assert there is no proof of what may have eaten the forage when there has never been a study of all species on the land done concurrently and for a full year to include season species movement.

“4710.4 Management of wild horses and burros shall be undertaken with the objective of limiting the animals’ distribution to herd areas.” Notice the distribution of horses limited to HA’s not HMA’s.

And again, we remind you they are on a minute portion of the original lands set aside as preserves, and even in this dwindled down acreage must be managed, according to the BLM, by using Multiple Use plans. This is incorrect unless the lands were disposed of by going through proper consultation, and citing the specific legal basis for removing these lands from the program, or by citing the legal basis for zeroing out a herd where the law clearly mandated managing for them principally and WHERE they were in 1971.

“The Interior Board of Land Appeals (IBLA) in Animal Protection Institute et al., (118 IBLA 75 (1991)) found that under the Wild Free-Roaming Horses And Burros Act of 1971 (Public Law 92-195) “excess animals” must be removed from an area in order to preserve and maintain a thriving natural ecological balance and multiple-use relationship in that area.” How does the finding in the WY Case recently where the court ruled that BLM’s arbitrary AML’s do not in themselves constitute EXCESS?

There is no mention of the property loss to the American public who owns the horses. How this plan to remove over 10% of the wild horses left in the wild seriously decreases the value and protection of these resources. And the 80% of Americans who want them protected are not having their wishes listened to by those we have entrusted to care for and protect our wild equines and our public lands.

Again, an EIS must be done taking all of this into account. And then a new EA must be done based on findings in the EIS.

CAES suggests the following Alternative :

On Range Wild Horse Management via predators or PZP only.

  • Helicopter usage only for application of PZP, one band at a time, in the areas where native predators are unacceptable to the BLM, for reasons which the BLM should detail.
  • Bait trapping one family at a time for the purpose of darting is also humane and feasible.
  • Addition of predators in the most remote areas where the BLM refuses to utilize PZP.
  •  Cameras on the bottom of helicopters in all directions.
  • mix 40 darts of PZP at one time,
  • dart one family at a time for a short period,
  • dartable PZP should be used.

The FLPMA and PRIA both state that multiple use policies were to be used to determine land uses, however it also stated it would not override any other land use policy.

Sec. 101. [43 U.S .C . 1701 note] This Act may be cited as the
“Federal Land Policy and​  Management Act of 1976”. DECLARATION OF POLICY Sec. 102. [43 U.S.C . 1701] (a) The Congress declares that it is the policy of the United States that– (b) The policies of this Act shall become effective only as specific statutory authority for their implementation is enacted by this Act or by subsequent legislation and shall then be construed as supplemental to and not in derogation of the purposes for which public lands are administered under other provisions of law.

  • 43U.S. Code Chapter 37 – PUBLIC RANGELANDS IMPROVEMENT ACT of 1978
    • (a) The Congress finds and declares that—
    • (c) The policies of this chapter shall become effective only as specific statutory authority for their implementation is enacted by this chapter or by subsequent legislation, and shall be construed as supplemental to and not in derogation of the purposes for which public rangelands are administered under other provisions of law.
  • Mountain States v. Hodel found that the 1971 law is in fact a land-use regulation; “In structure and purpose, the Wild Free-Roaming Horses and Burros Act is nothing more than a land-use regulation enacted by Congress to ensure the survival of a particular species of wildlife. At the outset, it is important to note that wild horses and burros are no less “wild” animals than are the grizzly bears that roam our national parks and forests.
  • “Herd areas meet the critical habitat criteria set for ACECs. 1610.7-2   Designation of areas of critical environmental concern or ACEC, is a special designation created by Congress in the 1976 Federal Land Policy and Management Act. That law directed the Secretary of the Interior and the BLM to designate as ACECs: “…areas within the public lands where special management attention is required… to protect and prevent irreparable damage to important historic, cultural and wildlife resources. The horses on our public lands have been determined to be wildlife in many court cases, Kleppe v NM, WHOANM V NMLB and above in Mountain States v. Hodel as well as by Congress in the 1971 Act itself!! Let us remember how many people supported the 1971 Act. Hence these are legally ​wild ​horses.   Many tribes also consider these wild horses as wild, as well as cultural historic properties under both federal and state Historic Preservation Acts.Just as BLM did not and does not have the authority to micro-manage areas within the Herd Area, it also did not have congressional authority to combine Herd Areas or preserves to create complexes.

    Respectfully Submitted this 21st day of August 2017.
    Theresa J Barbour
    Citizens Against Equine Slaughter
    PO Box 115, Drain, Oregon 97435

Does Chris Stewart Give Alternate Facts About Wild Horses Or is He Questioning His Own Religion?


chris stewart
The Mormon Congressmen who set 3 world records and writes New York Times best-selling books.

Representative Chris Stewart of UT is a Mormon. He is also one of the most outspoken adversaries of wild horses. He claims they are over-populated, starving, destroying the land, and that they are merely animals that escaped domestication and now live wild on our public lands.

There have been many scientific finds, mitochondrial analysis, fossil finds, carbon dating, and a comparative analysis of the Yukon horse to modern wild horses proves that the genetic markers are so similar that the horses are unlikely to have been extinct during the 10,000 years after the Pleistocene Era.

The one fact that Chris Stewart has never addressed, and one that makes us question not only his moral compass, but also his sincerity in statements made, is that the Book of Mormon, used by the Church of Latter-day Saints, mentions horses several times. This would mean that horses never went extinct on this continent, which proves a constant evolution of Equines for 58 million years.

Several artifacts have been found that are from the period in question. They include fossils, petroglyphs, cave carvings and drawings, and sculptures like the ones in this photograph.

The Book of Mormon speaks of horses in Lamanites (Alma 18:9 – 10; 20:6), Nephites (3 Ne. 3:22). Throughout the book horses are mentioned as an indigenous species. In Ether 9:19 Jaredites had horses. 1 Nephi 18:25 horses are mentioned with other large animals. Enos 1:21 tells us that Nephites had many horses among flocks. Alma 18:9 – 10 says the Lamanite King, Lamoni had horses and chariots. 3 Nephi 6:1 says the Nephites had horses after the Gadianton Robbers. The last mention of horses in the Book of Mormon is from approximately AD 26.

Mr Stewart among many other public figures, repeat the rhetoric we hear frequently. The accepted theory that allow wild horses to be treated as some invasive, unwanted animal. That theory is that all wild horses are descended from European stock. The theory is that after the 10,000 years of extinction horses, that were mostly of Spanish and Portuguese stock, were brought during the Spanish conquistadors expedition.

As with many claims made about our wild horses, there is just no clear, evidence to support this theory. However, there is much historical evidence that would seem to point out the polar opposite of that theory.  The Spanish revered the importance of the horses brought here, they needed them for war, to conquer this new world. Very meticulous records were kept as to the fate of each horse, and in no record do they believe their horses escaped and disappeared into the wild.

We also would need to consider that for them to have populated our continent, there would have to have been a stallion and mare escape at the same time, stay together and reproduce. They would have had to repeat this behavior for centuries which in itself is an unlikely occurrence.

Consideration would then have to be given to whether or not these escaped Spanish horses arrived early enough to account for horses kept by Indigenous tribes, which were documented by early European explorers. There were 4 early expeditions that brought horses, they were the expeditions of Cortes, Narvaez, de Soto, and de Coronado.

Discovery by Europeans of horses found among Native American tribes. Graphic by Daniel Johnson

The chronicles of these expeditions make the claim that our wild horses are descended from these Spanish horses nearly impossible. Narvaez only had one surviving horse, that doesn’t work for being the creator of modern day wild horses. The other 3 conquistadors made Spanish land advances as far as Texas where they were stopped by the Plains Indians who already had horses. Given there is no explanation for how the Plains Indians got those horses, and knowing there was one Spanish horse surviving before they came to the Americas, the theory of modern horses descending from escaped Spanish Conquistadors just becomes fiction.

Sketches of North American petroglyphs found in the Black Mesa area of Cimarron County, Oklahoma.

Mr, Stewart also contradicts some Latter-day Saint authors who mention horses in Mesoamerican artworks. Although these images are rare now and the fact that they are subjective do not in themselves provide any proof that horses were no extinct here, but must be added to the growing proof.

One such artwork mentioned is found at Chichen Itza. It is on the side of a building called the Temple of the Wall Panels. It is interpreted by Latter-day Saint scholars to be a man standing next to a horse. The carving has been dated to the 9th or 10th century AD, long after the last mention in the Book of Mormon, but definitely pre-Colombian. In the image below the wall shows erosion to some degree so the photo has an outline drawn on it to show the remaining details more clearly.


Mitochondrial-DNA analysis, of the Yukon horse bones found recently, found that the modern horse, Equus caballus, is genetically equivalent to Equus lambei.  These fossil records represent the most recent Equus species in North America prior to Equus caballus. Not only is Equus caballus genetically a match to Equus lambei, but no evidence exists for the origin of Equus caballus anywhere except North America.

yukon horse equus lambei

So the science is there to prove that today’s modern horse is at a minimum a reintroduced native species, and there is sufficient evidence to support the theory that horses never went extinct on the North American continent.

Given all of this information we have to wonder why politicians like Chris Stewart have continued to ignore the science, continued to repeat the exaggerated population claims of the Bureau of Land Management, misrepresents truth, misleads federal budget hearing committees and calls for the death of healthy wild horses. Just like the science can prove the origins of modern horse, the records of the Bureau of Land Management can prove the population growth, according to their own census, are also nothing more than myth.

There is a very simple solution to wild horse population management, but less than one percent of the Wild Horse & Burro budget is spent on it. And that is management on the range with PZP, a birth control vaccine.

For more information on ‘On the Range Management’  or any other questions on this publication, please email: or call our office at 541-315-6650.




**Tell USU President Noelle Cockett and Mad Scientist Messmer that they are breaking UT Code Title 52, Chapter 4, Open & Public Meetings Act. **

Talking points:

*NO public, state or federal funds, paid to the University, can be used for this CLOSED conference/workshop.

*Members attending, using taxpayer money to pay for entry fees, hotel or other travel expenses, are also breaking the law by attending.

*This closed meeting, in which they intend to discuss the fate of public resources (wild horses & burros) and how public funds, taxpayer dollars will be used to implement that fate, does not meet the requirements for closed meeting or executive session.

*The plan to record all but the panel discussion with the scientific ‘experts’ is unacceptable. The public has the right t know and hear the opinions of the scientists that this representative ‘coalition’ or horse haters bases their decisions on. (Too often the science is twisted to meet a pre-determined outcome.)

Flood emails, answering machines, and fax lines with messages expressing your outrage! USU must open this meeting to the press and public or face the consequences of violating the law!


Noelle Cockett
Business or work: (435) 797-1162
Fax: (435) 797-1173

Terry Messmer
Phone: (435) 797-3975

Send a letter to the University Board of Trustees (the chairman of the board is Mr. Jody K. Burnett, if you want to address it to him) using this link:

CAES sent this letter to the University President, Mr. Messmer who is hosting the event (he is a professor) and the Board of Trustees. We’ve attached our letter here as well:


Read more about our fundraiser to send CAES delegate Patience to the meeting:

Wild Horse Summit Fundraiser!

Wild Horse Summit Fundraiser!


Citizens Against Equine Slaughter is raising funds to send Patience, a delegate for CAES, to the National Wild Horse and Burro Summit. The conference will take place in Salt Lake City, Utah on August 22nd – 24th, 2017. The goal of the summit will be to discuss full implementation of the 1971 Wild Horse and Burro Management Act. The meeting will be attended by Utah Governor Gary Herbert, Secretary of the Interior Ryan Zinke, and Utah Representative Chris Stewart, among others. As many of you know, wild horse and burros are facing unrestricted sale to slaughter and/or euthanasia in the coming months. Unrestricted slaughter was already approved by the House Appropriations Committee and will be voted on by the Senate Appropriations Committee in early August. It is imperative that an advocate for wild horses and burros attend this important summit. So far, there are no other advocates attending the meeting, but there needs to be a voice for the horses and burros! Patience has the knowledge and legal expertise to represent our advocacy. This fund is to cover the registration fee ($275), the field tour fee ($60) and accomodations ($215). We need to raise funds quickly! Please help get Patience to Utah to speak out for our wild horses and burros!

You can donate through GoFundMe here:

If you would like to contact Citizens Against Equine Slaughter, you can email them directly:

Here is the informational brochure for the Wild Horse and Burros Summit: