Heinous Plans to Scapegoat First Peoples with genocide of U.S. Wild Horses


2017 Citizens Against Equine Slaughter© (This document may be shared in full, but not copied in part without prior permission in writing.)


Executive Summary

CAES​ ​and​ ​WHOA​ ​have​ ​obtained​ ​secret​ ​government​ ​documents​ ​from​ ​the​ ​office​ ​of​ ​Governor​ ​Gary​ ​Herbert that​ ​include​ ​the​ ​following​ ​“plans”​ ​to​ ​scapegoat​ ​First​ ​Peoples​ ​with​ ​the​ ​“genocide”:​ ​(See​ ​Attachment​ ​B)

“Remove​ ​the​ ​rider”​ ​​(​Senator​ ​Tom​ ​Udall​​ ​​removed​ ​the​ ​excess​ ​wild​ ​horse​ ​protection)​ ​​​ DONE
“Transfer​ ​to​ ​tribal​ ​authorities”​ ​​​(Rep.​ ​Chris​ ​Stewart​ ​introduced​ ​bill​ ​to​ ​remove restrictions)
“Transfer​ ​the​ ​horses​ ​as​ ​quickly​ ​as​ ​possible”​ ​​​(Bureau​ ​of​ ​Land​ ​Management)

Along​ ​with​ ​a​ ​cocktail​ ​of​ ​other​ ​nefarious​ ​plans​ ​hidden​ ​from​ ​the​ ​people,​ ​as​ ​was​ ​this​ ​meeting.

“Sale​ ​authority​ ​without​ ​restrictions” ​
​“Zoo”​ ​(“Zoo​ ​animal​ ​protein”) ​
​“Euthanasia”​ ​(​ ​PR​ ​term​ ​used​ ​has​ ​been​ ​“Triage”)

Wild​ ​Horses​ ​and​ ​Burros​ ​are​ ​under​ ​attack​ ​by​ ​elected​ ​government​ ​officials​ ​who​ ​need​ ​to​ ​meet​ ​their commitments​ ​to​ ​their​ ​donors​ ​to​ ​get​ ​rid​ ​of​ ​our​ ​federally​ ​wild​ ​horses,​ ​but​ ​in​ ​a​ ​way​ ​that​ ​will​ ​not​ ​make​ ​the large​ ​majority​ ​of​ ​their​ ​constituents/voters​ ​angry.​ ​Hence,​ ​blame​ ​it​ ​on​ ​the​ ​“Indians”,​ ​or​ ​accomplish​ ​this​ ​on sovereign​ ​lands​ ​in​ ​a​ ​way​ ​that​ ​Americans​ ​will​ ​not​ ​see,​ ​and​ ​where​ ​politicians​ ​can​ ​say​ ​“Oh,​ ​‘Indian​ ​customs’, none​ ​of​ ​our​ ​business.”

Scare tactics. The government/some advocate groups are using the word slaughter and not adding euthanasia, making it seem that euthanasia is acceptable. This​ ​cannot​ ​be​ ​accomplished​ ​legally​ ​unless​ ​Congress​ ​openly​ ​passes​ ​a​ ​law​ ​to​ ​euthanize​ ​wild​ ​horses under​ ​the​ ​guise​ ​that​ ​this​ ​will​ ​save​ ​them​ ​from​ ​the​ ​constant​ ​threat​ ​of​ ​slaughter.​ ​Advocates​ ​are​ ​being threatened​ ​daily​ ​and​ ​weekly​ ​with​ ​slaughter​ ​but​ ​led​ ​to​ ​ignore​ ​the​ ​real​ ​risk​ ​of​ ​euthanasia.​ ​Hence,​ ​few​ ​calls to​ ​Congress​ ​against​ ​Mass​ ​Euthanasia​ ​and​ ​Mass​ ​Composting​ ​though​ ​this​ ​is​ ​a​ ​real​ ​threat.​ ​Wild​ ​horses belong​ ​to​ ​us​ ​all​ ​unless​ ​Congress​ ​changes​ ​the​ ​laws​ ​so​ ​that​ ​they​ ​can​ ​be​ ​given​ ​or​ ​sold​ ​to​ ​others.

Alternatives Intentionally Hidden from view

Remote​ ​On​ ​Range​ ​Wild​ ​Horse​ ​Management-​ ​​Helicopter​ ​Darting​ ​of​ ​wild​ ​horses​ ​with immuno-contraception.​ ​Helicopter​ ​darting​ ​of​ ​wildlife​ ​is​ ​quick​ ​and​ ​efficient​ ​and​ ​has​ ​been​ ​done​ ​for​ ​decades across​ ​Africa​ ​to​ ​this​ ​day.​ ​Governor​ ​Gary​ ​Herbert​ ​was​ ​interviewed​ ​by​ ​a​ ​CAES​ ​Board​ ​member​ ​and​ ​reporter for​ ​ActivateNow,​ ​and​ ​admitted​ ​that​ ​he​ ​knew​ ​that​ ​wild​ ​horses​ ​could​ ​be​ ​darted​ ​via​ ​helicopter.​ ​In​ ​Africa,​ ​most darters​ ​are​ ​veterinarians​ ​and​ ​our​ ​two​ ​PZP​ ​immuno-contraception​ ​developers/​ ​scientists​ ​Dr.​ ​Jay Kirkpatrick​ ​and​ ​Dr.​ ​John​ ​Turner​ ​have​ ​both​ ​stated​ ​that​ ​yes,​ ​PZP​ ​can​ ​be​ ​darted​ ​from​ ​helicopters.

Non-remote​ ​Wild​ ​Horse​ ​Management-​ ​​Key​ ​Learnings​ ​from​ ​National​ ​Academy​ ​of​ ​Sciences​ ​and​ ​East Coast​ ​herds​ ​such​ ​as​ ​Assateague​ ​National​ ​Parks​ ​under​ ​the​ ​Department​ ​of​ ​Interior.​ ​The​ ​BLM,​ ​the​ ​BIA,​ ​and National​ ​Parks​ ​are​ ​all​ ​under​ ​the​ ​Department​ ​of​ ​Interior.

Wild​ ​Horses​ ​in​ ​Holding​ ​Pens​ ​-​ ​​Congress​ ​has​ ​ignored​ ​both​ ​the​ ​National​ ​Academy​ ​of​ ​Sciences​ ​and​ ​the will​ ​of​ ​the​ ​people​ ​and​ ​has​ ​continued​ ​to​ ​fill​ ​up​ ​holding​ ​pens​ ​in​ ​order​ ​to​ ​make​ ​the​ ​appearance​ ​that​ ​wild horses​ ​cannot​ ​be​ ​managed​ ​feasibly.​ ​Wild​ ​Horse​ ​holding​ ​pens​ ​should​ ​be​ ​phased​ ​out​ ​by​ ​attrition​ ​and should​ ​be​ ​renegotiated​ ​so​ ​that​ ​taxpayers​ ​have​ ​access​ ​to​ ​see​ ​and​ ​enjoy​ ​the​ ​wild​ ​horses​ ​being​ ​imprisoned at​ ​taxpayer​ ​expense​ ​on​ ​private​ ​lands​ ​unnecessarily.


This​ ​is​ ​a​ ​scheme​ ​that​ ​has​ ​been​ ​in​ ​the​ ​works​ ​with​ ​New​ ​Mexico​ ​elected​ ​officials​ ​on​ ​both​ ​sides​ ​of​ ​the​ ​aisle since​ ​2011​ ​through​ ​the​ ​NM​ ​Governor​ ​Martinez​ ​and​ ​then​ ​through​ ​her​ ​working​ ​group​ ​on​ ​horse overpopulation​ ​in​ ​2013​ ​and​ ​the​ ​NM​ ​Livestock​ ​Board​ ​and​ ​NM​ ​Department​ ​of​ ​Agriculture.​ ​The​ ​Navajo nation​ ​was​ ​targeted​ ​then​ ​and​ ​appears​ ​to​ ​be​ ​targeted​ ​now​ ​again.​ ​​ ​Now,​ ​diagonally​ ​opposite​ ​from​ ​NM​ ​is Utah​ ​on​ ​the​ ​other​ ​side​ ​of​ ​the​ ​Navajo​ ​Nation​ ​but​ ​still​ ​contiguous​ ​with​ ​them.​ ​Governor​ ​Herbert​ ​seems​ ​to have​ ​taken​ ​the​ ​role​ ​of​ ​NM​ ​Governor​ ​Martinez.

Governor​ ​Gary​ ​Herbert​ ​who​ ​recently​ ​co-hosted​ ​the​ ​‘Secret’​ ​National​ ​Wild​ ​Horse​ ​and​ ​Burro​ ​Summit​ ​in Utah​ ​recently.​ ​These​ ​documents​ ​prove​ ​that​ ​the​ ​U.S​ ​politicians​ ​are​ ​still​ ​working​ ​to​ ​scapegoat​ ​our​ ​first peoples​ ​with​ ​the​ ​death​ ​of​ ​federally​ ​wild​ ​horses​ ​while​ ​hiding​ ​the​ ​blood​ ​of​ ​these​ ​horses​ ​on​ ​their​ ​own​ ​hands.

This​ ​meeting​ ​was​ ​by​ ​invitation​ ​only.​ ​Governor​ ​Herbert​ ​sent​ ​invitations​ ​to​ ​22​ ​state​ ​Governors.​ ​We​ ​contend that​ ​the​ ​meeting​ ​was​ ​illegal​ ​per​ ​the​ ​Sunshine​ ​Act​ ​and​ ​the​ ​Utah​ ​Open​ ​and​ ​Public​ ​Meetings​ ​Act.​ ​Along​ ​with the​ ​governor’s​ ​invites,​ ​many​ ​members​ ​of​ ​the​ ​U.S.​ ​Congress​ ​attended.​ ​CAES​ ​also​ ​sent​ ​complaints​ ​to​ ​the University​ ​of​ ​Utah,​ ​Congress​ ​and​ ​Secretary​ ​Zinke​ ​about​ ​the​ ​illegality​ ​of​ ​this​ ​meeting.

Three​ ​​ ​of​ ​our​ ​board​ ​members​ ​from​ ​WHOA​ ​and​ ​CAES​ ​are​ ​also​ ​part​ ​of​ ​ActivateNow,​ ​independent​ ​news crew.​ ​They​ ​attempted​ ​to​ ​pay​ ​to​ ​register​ ​for​ ​the​ ​summit​ ​and​ ​also​ ​presented​ ​media​ ​credentials.​ ​They​ ​were denied​ ​access​ ​along​ ​with​ ​the​ ​public.​ ​The​ ​most​ ​important​ ​information​ ​we​ ​have​ ​obtained​ ​is​ ​written​ ​plot​ ​to transfer​ ​to​ ​specific​ ​tribal​ ​lands​ ​to​ ​kill​ ​our​ ​publicly​ ​owned​ ​wild​ ​horses.

These​ ​documents​ ​show​ ​a​ ​stepwise​ ​plan​ ​to​ ​kill,​ ​slaughter​ ​and/or​ ​mass​ ​euthanize​ ​(Triage)​ ​the​ ​public’s​ ​wild horses​ ​rather​ ​than​ ​manage​ ​them.​ ​However,​ ​Governor​ ​Herbert​ ​admitted​ ​in​ ​a​ ​press​ ​interview​ ​with​ ​CAES’s that​ ​he​ ​knows​ ​the​ ​immuno​ ​contraceptive​ ​(recommended​ ​by​ ​the​ ​National​ ​Academy​ ​of​ ​Sciences)​ ​can​ ​be darted​ ​(in​ ​remote​ ​places​ ​like​ ​Nevada)​ ​via​ ​helicopter,​ ​which​ ​has​ ​been​ ​accomplished​ ​for​ ​decades​ ​across the​ ​continent​ ​of​ ​Africa.​ ​(See​ ​​Video​ ​Interview​)

These​ ​documents​ ​state​ ​that​ ​the​ ​first​ ​step​ ​toward​ ​killing​ ​our​ ​U.S.​ ​wild​ ​horses​ ​is​ ​to​ ​“first,​ ​remove​ ​the​ ​rider” (which​ ​prohibits​ ​funds​ ​be​ ​used​ ​to​ ​kill​ ​healthy​ ​wild​ ​horses).​ ​This​ ​is​ ​where​ ​​ ​Senator​ ​Udall​ ​of​ ​New​ ​Mexico plays​ ​ball.​ ​With​ ​a​ ​look​ ​good​ ​move,​ ​he​ ​has​ ​introduced​ ​the​ ​rider​ ​to​ ​block​ ​the​ ​USDA​ ​funding​ ​of​ ​horse slaughter​ ​inspections,​ ​but​ ​this​ ​year,​ ​he​ ​has​ ​​not introduced​ ​the​ ​rider​ ​to​ ​block​ ​funds​ ​to​ ​be​ ​used​ ​to​ ​destroy wild​ ​horses.​ ​Interestingly,​ ​in​ ​combination​ ​then,​ ​wild​ ​horses​ ​could​ ​be​ ​transported​ ​to​ ​Sovereign​ ​lands​ ​and still​ ​be​ ​slaughtered​ ​for​ ​human​ ​consumption​ ​or​ ​mass​ ​euthanized​ ​without​ ​USDA​ ​inspections.​ ​That​ ​has​ ​been the​ ​plan​ ​now​ ​since​ ​2011.​ ​​ ​(See​ ​Attachment​ ​L)

This​ ​is​ ​a​ ​plan​ ​to​ ​have​ ​politicians​ ​with​ ​blood​ ​on​ ​their​ ​hands,​ ​look​ ​clean,​ ​while​ ​effectively​ ​bribing​ ​and scapegoating​ ​our​ ​First​ ​Peoples​ ​with​ ​the​ ​genocidal​ ​destruction​ ​of​ ​the​ ​wild​ ​horse​ ​nation​ ​they​ ​believe​ ​to​ ​be spiritual​ ​and​ ​sacred.​ ​​ ​While​ ​Navajo​ ​believe​ ​that​ ​under​ ​certain​ ​circumstances​ ​horses​ ​are​ ​medicinal,​ ​they do​ ​not​ ​eat​ ​them​ ​as​ ​portrayed​ ​in​ ​the​ ​“newspaper”​ ​or​ ​steering​ ​committee​ ​called​ ​The​ ​Navajo​ ​Times.​ ​While many​ ​Americans​ ​take​ ​an​ ​aspirin​ ​on​ ​occasion,​ ​an​ ​aspirin​ ​is​ ​not​ ​a​ ​meal.

Day​ ​1​ ​of​ ​Summit​ ​at​ ​Delta​ ​Utah​ ​Holding​ ​Pens 

Utah Governor Gary Herbert (center), NV State BLM Director, John Ruhs (right) -2017 CAES©

This​ ​is​ ​a​ ​dejavu​ ​of​ ​the​ ​attempt​ ​in​ ​New​ ​Mexico​ ​to​ ​use​ ​the​ ​Navajo​ ​Nation​ ​to​ ​perform​ ​“TRIAGE”​ ​or rather​ ​Mass​ ​Euthanasia​ ​of​ ​US​ ​wild​ ​horses​ ​as​ ​well​ ​as​ ​tribal​ ​horses.​ ​(See​ ​Attachment​ ​D)

In​ ​conjunction​ ​with​ ​this​ ​summit​ ​is​ ​a​ ​hastily,​ ​and​ ​unprofessionally​ ​written,​ ​GAO​ ​report​ ​for​ ​which the​ ​GAO​ ​is​ ​illegally​ ​not​ ​answering​ ​any​ ​FOIA​ ​Requests.​ ​In​ ​this​ ​report,​ ​they​ ​make​ ​the​ ​claim​ ​that there​ ​are​ ​94,000​ ​wild​ ​horses​ ​on​ ​a​ ​certain​ ​tribal​ ​lands.​ ​​ ​(See​ ​attachment​ ​M.)

WHOA​ ​has​ ​obtained​ ​proof​ ​that​ ​the​ ​Navajo​ ​Nation​ ​performed​ ​a​ ​wild​ ​horse​ ​and​ ​burro​ ​census​ ​in 2016​ ​(See​ ​Attachment​ ​C)​ ​and​ ​there​ ​were​ ​only​ ​4,290​ ​horses​ ​counted​ ​by​ ​multiple​ ​systematic transects,​ ​which​ ​could​ ​have​ ​easily​ ​counted​ ​horses​ ​twice,​ ​while​ ​they​ ​then​ ​“estimate”​ ​that​ ​there are​ ​38,223​ ​horses.

CAES​ ​and​ ​WHOA​ ​believe​ ​that​ ​the​ ​number​ ​of​ ​wild​ ​horses​ ​on​ ​Navajo​ ​lands​ ​is​ ​irrelevant,​ ​but​ ​is being​ ​inflated​ ​repeatedly​ ​and​ ​used​ ​as​ ​an​ ​excuse​ ​to​ ​scapegoat​ ​the​ ​Navajos​ ​for​ ​the​ ​destruction​ ​of the​ ​“excess”​ ​U.S.​ ​wild​ ​horses​ ​intentionally​ ​caused​ ​by​ ​Bureau​ ​of​ ​Land​ ​Management​ ​and​ ​Forest Service​ ​mismanaging​ ​the​ ​wild​ ​horse​ ​areas​ ​like​ ​puppy​ ​mills​ ​in​ ​order​ ​to​ ​fool​ ​the​ ​American​ ​public into​ ​believing​ ​that​ ​non-lethal​ ​management​ ​would​ ​not​ ​work.​ ​(See​ ​attachment​ ​H)

Moreover,​ ​CAES​ ​documented​ ​the​ ​license​ ​plate​ ​of​ ​only​ ​one​ ​tribal​ ​entity​ ​in​ ​a​ ​government​ ​vehicle at​ ​the​ ​summit​ ​and​ ​that​ ​was​ ​Navajo​ ​Fish​ ​and​ ​Game.​ ​(See​ ​attachment​ ​F)

The​ ​BLM​ ​has​ ​intentionally​ ​refused​ ​to​ ​actually​ ​manage​ ​all​ ​but​ ​a​ ​few​ ​herds.​ ​At​ ​the​ ​summit, it​ ​was​ ​admitted​ ​that​ ​if​ ​they​ ​could​ ​not​ ​kill​ ​horses,​ ​they​ ​would​ ​have​ ​to​ ​start​ ​managing​ ​them. 

Field trip to the Delta Wild Horse Corral, Day 1 of the Summit – 2017 CAES©

Add​ ​to​ ​that:

  1. Contrary​ ​to​ ​BLM​ ​propaganda,​ ​and​ ​contrary​ ​to​ ​the​ ​choreographed​ ​Interior​ ​Appropriations Committee​ ​meeting,​ ​Governor​ ​Gary​ ​Herbert​ ​himself​ ​admitted​ ​that​ ​wild​ ​horses​ ​CAN​ ​be darted​ ​with​ ​immuno​ ​contraceptive​ ​via​ ​helicopter​ ​just​ ​as​ ​the​ ​experts​ ​(Dr.​ ​John​ ​Turner​ ​and Dr.​ ​Jay​ ​Kirkpatrick.)​ ​have​ ​stated​ ​to​ ​WHOA​ ​and​ ​in​ ​writing.​ ​(See​ ​​Video​ ​Interview​)Sadly​ ​the​ ​BLM​ ​propaganda​ ​below,​ ​is​ ​misleading​ ​regarding​ ​immuno-contraception, stating​ ​it​ ​can​ ​only​ ​be​ ​administered​ ​via​ ​ground​ ​darting.​ ​Hence​ ​intentionally​ ​misleading Congress​ ​and​ ​the​ ​People.

    “Horse and Burro Overview Fact Sheet” – National Wild Horse and Burro Rangeland Management Coalition (leading organizers of the Summit)
  2. Darting​ ​of​ ​herds​ ​of​ ​ungulates​ ​is​ ​and​ ​has​ ​been​ ​done​ ​all​ ​across​ ​the​ ​continent​ ​of​ ​Africa​ ​for decades​ ​from​ ​planes,​ ​helicopters,​ ​and​ ​can​ ​now​ ​be​ ​done​ ​from​ ​drone​ ​as​ ​well.
  3. Representatives​ ​Stewart,​ ​Amodei,​ ​and​ ​Simpson​ ​illegally misled​ ​the​ ​public​ ​with​ ​the​ ​choreographed​ ​Interior​ ​Appropriations​ ​Committee​ ​meeting where​ ​these​ ​Representatives​ ​each​ ​feigned​ ​that​ ​wild​ ​horses​ ​had​ ​to​ ​be​ ​euthanized​ ​now because,​ ​experimentation​ ​on​ ​PZP​ ​in​ ​Burns,​ ​Oregon​ ​was​ ​blocked​ ​by​ ​an​ ​NGO.​ ​This​ ​while other​ ​“wild​ ​horse​ ​friendly​ ​representatives”​ ​also​ ​left​ ​out​ ​the​ ​key​ ​information​ ​like Assateague​ ​having​ ​utilized​ ​PZP​ ​contraception​ ​on​ ​wild​ ​horses​ ​successfully​ ​for​ ​almost​ ​30 years​ ​and​ ​darting​ ​via​ ​helicopter.​ ​Importantly,​ ​there​ ​was​ ​no​ ​PZP​ ​experiment​ ​blocked​ ​in 2016​ ​in​ ​Burns​ ​Oregon​ ​as​ ​stated​ ​by​ ​the​ ​Special​ ​Interest​ ​Stooges,​ ​however,​ ​CAES​ ​did stop​ ​a​ ​planned​ ​experimental​ ​sterilization​ ​of​ ​pregnant​ ​mares.​ ​(See​ ​Attachment​ ​O)
  4. In​ ​fact,​ ​it​ ​was​ ​brutal​ ​experimentation​ ​on​ ​200​ ​conscious,​ ​wild​ ​mares,​ ​75​ ​of which​ ​were​ ​to​ ​be​ ​in​ ​different​ ​stages​ ​of​ ​pregnancy,​ ​in​ ​a​ ​filthy​ ​environment.​ ​The​ ​plan​ ​was to​ ​perform​ ​ovariectomies​ ​through​ ​their​ ​sides​ ​or​ ​through​ ​the​ ​birth​ ​canal​ ​without​ ​a​ ​scope​ ​to guide,​ ​without​ ​an​ ​aseptic​ ​environment​ ​and​ ​without​ ​any​ ​plan​ ​to​ ​keep​ ​them​ ​on​ ​their​ ​feet during​ ​the​ ​necessary​ ​recovery​ ​period.​ ​Most​ ​of​ ​the​ ​mares​ ​and​ ​foals​ ​would​ ​die​ ​of​ ​infection and​ ​evisceration​ ​etc.​ ​as​ ​has​ ​happened​ ​in​ ​the​ ​experiment​ ​by​ ​the​ ​same​ ​vet​ ​Dr.​ ​Pielstick​ ​of Oregon.​ ​(See​ ​Attachments​ ​G​ ​and​ ​P)​ ​Dr.​ ​Lester​ ​Friedlander,​ ​DVM​ ​declared​ ​that​ ​spaying a​ ​wild​ ​mare​ ​is​ ​extreme​ ​animal​ ​cruelty.
  5. During​ ​the​ ​time​ ​the​ ​illegal​ ​summit​ ​was​ ​going​ ​on​ ​in​ ​Utah,​ ​CAES​ ​also​ ​learned​ ​that​ ​the Burns​ ​District​ ​office,​ ​in​ ​Oregon,​ ​may​ ​have​ ​circumvented​ ​the​ ​law​ ​and​ ​sold​ ​10​ ​fillies​ ​to Protect​ ​the​ ​Harvest.​ ​Protect​ ​the​ ​Harvest​ ​(very​ ​well​ ​known​ ​to​ ​be​ ​PRO-slaughter)​ ​was​ ​very proud​ ​to​ ​thank​ ​Burns​ ​District​ ​office​ ​of​ ​BLM​ ​for​ ​working​ ​with​ ​them​ ​on​ ​this​ ​project.​ ​The project​ ​was​ ​to​ ​sell​ ​the​ ​horses​ ​to​ ​Protect​ ​the​ ​Harvest,​ ​then​ ​have​ ​a​ ​veterinarian​ ​do​ ​these experiments.​ ​They​ ​also​ ​stated​ ​that​ ​this​ ​will​ ​help​ ​prove​ ​that​ ​these​ ​experimental,​ ​surgical procedures​ ​will​ ​be​ ​safe​ ​to​ ​do​ ​on​ ​the​ ​range​ ​with​ ​wild​ ​mares.​ ​(See​ ​Attachment​ ​N)
  6. The​ ​veterinarian​ ​who​ ​was​ ​going​ ​to​ ​do​ ​half​ ​of​ ​the​ ​surgeries,​ ​Dr​ ​Leon​ ​Pielstick,​ ​gave​ ​two different​ ​statements​ ​to​ ​2​ ​different​ ​people​ ​regarding​ ​the​ ​death​ ​rate​ ​of​ ​mares​ ​he​ ​had performed​ ​these​ ​surgical​ ​procedures​ ​on.​ ​However,​ ​these​ ​are​ ​in​ ​conflict​ ​with​ ​his published​ ​results​ ​of​ ​2​ ​deaths​ ​versus​ ​10​ ​-​ ​20%.​ ​​(See​ ​Attachment​ ​N)

    In an affidavit, by Simone Netherlands, Dr Leon Pielstick told her, while she was observing the procedure: “..they didn’t do any follow up on the mares that were spayed at Sheldon so he didn’t know how many died. He only knew how many died instantly, but he did not reveal that number.”

    In an affidavit by Theresa Barbour, who had interviewed Dr Pielstick, she said, “When I asked him what the death rate of his procedures had been, of the total 188 mares he has sterilized he stated, “10 – 20%, I know it’s not 20% but I’m being generous.”

    Assessment of spay techniques in for mares in field conditions. (Written​ ​transcript​ ​of​ ​panel discussion​)
    Panel​ ​meeting​ ​held​ ​at​ ​USGS​ ​Fort​ ​Collins​ ​Science​ ​Center​ ​September​ ​24,​ ​2015
    From the transcript:
    “Discussion​ ​of​ ​Colpotomy​ ​-​ ​Leon​ ​Pielstick
    History:​ ​(Dr​ ​Pielstick​ ​stated,​ ​per​ ​this​ ​transcript):

    “Out of the 188 mares there were 2 fatalities: one bled to death internally due to a clotting abnormality, and one got sick, aborted her foal and died (anecdotal evidence indicated that she had a peritoneal infection). We can expect a 1-2% complication rate with colpotomy. For any given choice of spay method, the BLM must be prepared to accept some level of loss.”

    These​ ​conflicting​ ​statements​ ​are​ ​tantamount​ ​to​ ​an​ ​ethical​ ​issue.


  7. Among​ ​presenters​ ​at​ ​the​ ​summit​ ​was​ ​well​ ​known​ ​pro-slaughter,​ ​and​ ​ranching​ ​litigator Karen-Budd-Falen.​ ​She​ ​is​ ​in-line​ ​to​ ​be​ ​the​ ​director​ ​of​ ​BLM,​ ​and​ ​her​ ​firm​ ​also​ ​represented the​ ​NMLB​ ​against​ ​WHOA​ ​in​ ​Placitas,​ ​NM.​ ​Budd-Falen​ ​has​ ​also​ ​spoken​ ​in​ ​support​ ​of Cliven​ ​Bundy,​ ​one​ ​of​ ​the​ ​public​ ​lands​ ​ranchers​ ​involved​ ​in​ ​the​ ​2014​ ​Bunkerville​ ​armed stand-off​ ​between​ ​ranchers​ ​and​ ​the​ ​federal​ ​government.​ ​The​ ​dispute​ ​was​ ​over​ ​the​ ​BLM, trying​ ​to​ ​do​ ​their​ ​job​ ​and​ ​remove​ ​trespass​ ​cattle​ ​from​ ​our​ ​public​ ​lands.
    Read More: Budd-Falen, potential BLM pick, has fought for ranchers
    And: Three reasons Karen Budd-Falen is unfit to lead the Bureau of Land Management

Budd-Falen sympathizes with the Bundy family and other anti-public lands extremists; she also wrote their playbook
For decades Karen Budd-Falen has been a leading voice in the the so-called “county rights movement” — an offshoot of the fringe county supremacy movement which holds that county sheriffs have ultimate authority over the federal government and can choose whether or not to enforce U.S. laws. In the early 1990s she drafted Catron County, New Mexico’s “comprehensive land use & policy plan” which effectively declared the U.S. government is subservient to the county’s “custom and culture” — suggesting land managers could not regulate grazing, logging, and other uses of public lands. The Catron ordinance is a detailed handbook for county supremacists and anti-public land extremists who’ve led multiple armed standoffs with public land managers and law enforcement. The land use plan goes so far as to claim that BLM land managers “undermined the practice of democracy….” The model plan drafted by Budd-Falen spread to dozens of counties across the West, and while most counties avoided testing the laws in court, a state court did invalidate a Catron-style ordinance in Boundary County, Idaho.”

For decades Karen Budd-Falen has been a leading voice in the the so-called “county rights movement” — an offshoot of the fringe county supremacy movement which holds that county sheriffs have ultimate authority over the federal government and can choose whether or not to enforce U.S. laws. In the early 1990s she drafted Catron County, New Mexico’s “comprehensive land use & policy plan” which effectively declared the U.S. government is subservient to the county’s “custom and culture” — suggesting land managers could not regulate grazing, logging, and other uses of public lands. The Catron ordinance is a detailed handbook for county supremacists and anti-public land extremists who’ve led multiple armed standoffs with public land managers and law enforcement. The land use plan goes so far as to claim that BLM land managers “undermined the practice of democracy….” The model plan drafted by Budd-Falen spread to dozens of counties across the West, and while most counties avoided testing the laws in court, a state court did invalidate a Catron-style ordinance in Boundary County, Idaho.”


Now they have moved to Utah on the other side of the Navajo Nation and are trying again. Lying about the wild horse population on Navajo lands since 2013 calling it 94,000 when there was no census.


  • If​ ​the​ ​benefit​ ​of​ ​killing​ ​the​ ​horses​ ​on​ ​Navajo​ ​or​ ​other​ ​tribal​ ​lands,​ ​has​ ​been​ ​promoting horsemeat​ ​as​ ​an​ ​inexpensive​ ​source​ ​of​ ​protein,​ ​there​ ​is​ ​a​ ​food​ ​safety​ ​issue.​ ​The​ ​toxic chemicals​ ​in​ ​horse​ ​meat,​ ​and​ ​the​ ​diseases​ ​carried​ ​by​ ​wild​ ​horses,​ ​that​ ​can​ ​be transmitted​ ​to​ ​humans​ ​ingesting​ ​horsemeat​ ​is​ ​something​ ​CAES​ ​has​ ​been​ ​asking​ ​our government​ ​to​ ​acknowledge,​ ​and​ ​implement​ ​a​ ​permanent​ ​ban​ ​on.​ ​The​ ​slaughter​ ​of horses​ ​for​ ​human​ ​consumption​ ​or​ ​the​ ​transport​ ​of​ ​horses​ ​across​ ​the​ ​borders​ ​to​ ​Mexico and​ ​Canada​ ​for​ ​the​ ​purpose​ ​of​ ​consumption​ ​is​ ​a​ ​very​ ​serious​ ​food​ ​safety​ ​issue​ ​for​ ​the global​ ​food​ ​chain.​ ​So​ ​to​ ​endorse​ ​a​ ​plan​ ​to​ ​feed​ ​horsemeat​ ​to​ ​the​ ​Navajo​ ​is​  ​setting​ ​them​ ​up​ ​to​ ​be​ ​‘hated’.Page-7-Image-5


Index of Attachments

Government Attendees …………………………………………………………………………..……………….…..A

Itinerary of the Summit …………………………………………………………………….…………….………….B

Census of Wild Horses and Burro on the Navajo Nation…………………………….…………….……C

Governor Martinez plan with the New Mexico Livestock Board for “Triage”, Mass Euthanasia, and “Humane Slaughter for Zoo Animal Protein” from wild horses from  BLM holding pens and tribal horses………….…………………………….…………………………………….D

Governor Richardson and Navajo President Ben Shelly. Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) allowing for continued horse slaughter and eventually “Triage” when enough money was obtained……..…………………………………………………………………………………………………E

License Plate from the Summit of Navajo Fish and Game…………….…………………….…..………F

IBLA notice to CAES that the BLM was dropping their decision of record on the sterilization experiment at Burns. …………………………………………………………..…………………..G

National Academy of Sciences statement that BLM’s management is causing increased birth rates………………………………………….…………………………………………………..…………….……..H

Navajo MOU in the news with Bill Richardson and APNM Animal Protection of NM………I

Cost Analysis – On Range Management from Summit ……………………………………………….…..J

Cost Analysis – PZP – Darting via Helicopter…………………………………………….…………………….K

Udall Language in Department of Agriculture FY 2017 bill, Stewart Language in
Interior FY 2017 and 2018 Bills………………………………………………………….……….…………………L

GAO Report and FOIA communications……………………………………………….……..…………..……M

Protect the Harvest Article……………………………………..…….….…………………………………………..N

Representatives Mislead Public/US Criminal Code, Title 18 Violations….………………..………..O

Affidavit of Interview With Dr. Pielstick, and Affidavit of Simone Netherlands…..………….P


Attachment​ ​A​ ​-​ ​Attendees​ ​&​ ​Presenters 

Presenters​ ​at​ ​the​ ​Summit 

● Utah​ ​Governor,​ ​Gary​ ​Herbert
● Secretary,​ ​Department​ ​of​ ​the​ ​Interior,​ ​Ryan​ ​Zinke​ ​-​ ​invited​ ​per​ ​documents,​ ​not​ ​     confirmed at​ ​this​ ​point
● Representative​ ​Chris​ ​Stewart,​ ​Utah
● Keith​ ​Norris,​ ​National​ ​Horse​ ​and​ ​Burro​ ​Rangeland​ ​Management​ ​Coalition​ ​and​ ​The     Wildlife​ ​Society.
● Rick​ ​Danvir,​ ​Western​ ​Landowners​ ​Alliance
● John​ ​Ruhs,​ ​Nevada​ ​BLM​ ​State​ ​Director
● Esther​ ​Rubin,​ ​Larry​ ​Voyles​ ​and/or​ ​Kurt​ ​Davis,​ ​​ ​Arizona​ ​Game​ ​and​ ​Fish​ ​Department
● Kirk​ ​Davies​ ​and​ ​Chad​ ​Boyd,​ ​USDA,​ ​Agricultural​ ​Research​ ​Services
● Jake​ ​Henning,​ ​Derek​ ​Scasta,​ ​and​ ​Jeff​ ​Beck,​ ​University​ ​of​ ​Wyoming.
● Eric​ ​Thacker,​ ​Utah​ ​State​ ​University
● Dick​ ​Loper,​ ​WY​ ​Grazing​ ​Board
● Brock​ ​McMillian,​ ​Randy​ ​Larson,​ ​and​ ​Lucas​ ​Hall,​ ​and​ ​Robbie​ ​Knight,​ ​Brigham​ ​Young   University.
● Andrew​ ​Shields​ ​and​ ​Stacy​ ​Davies,​ ​Roaring​ ​Springs​ ​Ranch,​ ​Country​ ​Natural​ ​Beef,​ ​Beattie Butte,​ ​Oregon.
● Kirk​ ​Davies​ ​and​ ​Chad​ ​Boyd,​ ​USDA,​ ​Agricultural​ ​Research​ ​Services
● Albert​ ​J​ ​Kane,​ ​DVM,​ ​MPVM,​ ​PhD,​ ​USDA​ ​APHIS/BLM​ ​Wild​ ​Horse​ ​and​ ​Burro​ ​Partnership
● Kate​ ​Schroenecker​ ​and​ ​Sarah​ ​King,​ ​USGS.
● Robert​ ​Garrott​ ​and​ ​Madan​ ​Kumar​ ​Oli,​ ​Montana​ ​State​ ​University.
● J.​ ​J.​ ​Goicoechea,​ ​Nevada​ ​State​ ​Veterinarian
● Callie​ ​Hendrickson,​ ​White​ ​River​ ​and​ ​Douglas​ ​Creek​ ​Conservation​ ​Districts.
● Karen​ ​Budd-Falen,​ ​Falen​ ​Law​ ​Offices​ ​LLC.
● Brian​ ​Steed,​ ​J.D.,​ ​Chief​ ​of​ ​Staff​ ​at​ ​U.S.​ ​House​ ​of​ ​Representatives
● Ben​ ​Masters,​ ​National​ ​​ ​Wild​ ​Horse​ ​&​ ​Burro​ ​Advisory​ ​Council

The​ ​other​ ​result​ ​of​ ​the​ ​Summit​ ​is​ ​a​ ​steering​ ​committee.​ ​The​ ​steering​ ​committee​ ​included representatives​ ​from​ ​the​ ​following​ ​organizations​ ​and​ ​groups​: 

● Arizona​ ​Sportsmen
● Audubon​ ​Society
● Beaver​ ​County​ ​Commission
● Berryman​ ​Institute
● Congressional​ ​Sportsmen’s​ ​Caucus
● Idaho​ ​Wildlife​ ​Federation
● National​ ​Horse​ ​and​ ​Burro​ ​Rangeland​ ​Management​ ​Coalition
● Nevada​ ​Division​ ​of​ ​Wildlife
● Oregon​ ​Cattlemen’s​ ​Association
● Society​ ​for​ ​Range​ ​Management
● Sportsmen​ ​for​ ​Fish​ ​and​ ​Wildlife
● The​ ​Wildlife​ ​Society
● Theodore​ ​Roosevelt​ ​Conservation​ ​Partnership
● University​ ​of​ ​Wyoming
● Utah​ ​Department​ ​of​ ​Natural​ ​Resources
● Utah​ ​Public​ ​Lands​ ​Policy​ ​Coordination​ ​Office
● Utah​ ​State​ ​University​ ​Extension
● Western​ ​Association​ ​of​ ​Fish​ ​&​ ​Wildlife​ ​Agencies
● Western​ ​Landowners​ ​Alliance
● White​ ​River​ ​and​ ​Douglas​ ​Creek​ ​Conservation​ ​Districts
● Wyoming​ ​State​ ​Grazing​ ​Board

It​ ​is​ ​important​ ​to​ ​note​ ​that​ ​the​ ​National​ ​Horse​ ​and​ ​Burro​ ​Rangeland​ ​Management Coalition​ ​also​ ​has​ ​the​ ​following​ ​members​ ​listed:

● American​ ​Farm​ ​Bureau​ ​Federation
● American​ ​Sheep​ ​Industry​ ​Association
● Congressional​ ​Sportsmen’s​ ​Foundation
● Masters​ ​of​ ​Foxhounds​ ​Association
● Mule​ ​Deer​ ​Foundation
● National​ ​Association​ ​of​ ​Conservation​ ​Districts
● National​ ​Association​ ​of​ ​Counties
● National​ ​Association​ ​of​ ​State​ ​Departments​ ​of​ ​Agriculture
● National​ ​Cattlemen’s​ ​Beef​ ​Association
● National​ ​Rifle​ ​Association
● National​ ​Wildlife​ ​Refuge​ ​Association
● Public​ ​Lands​ ​Council
● Public​ ​Lands​ ​Foundation
● Rocky​ ​Mountain​ ​Elk​ ​Foundation
● Safari​ ​Club​ ​International
● Society​ ​for​ ​Range​ ​Management
● The​ ​Wildlife​ ​Society​ ​-​ ​Coalition​ ​Chair
● Wild​ ​Sheep​ ​Foundation
● Colorado​ ​Wool​ ​Growers​ ​Association
● Montana​ ​Farm​ ​Bureau​ ​Federation
● Nevada​ ​Association​ ​of​ ​Counties
● Wyoming​ ​State​ ​Grazing​ ​Board​ ​Central​ ​Committee
● Wyoming​ ​Stock​ ​Growers​ ​Association

Attachment​ ​B​ ​-​ ​Itinerary​ ​of​ ​the​ ​Summit 

Even their logo shows the lie, (starving horses and burros) that has been presented to unknowing public and Congressional members to further the agenda of special interest groups.

The​ ​following​ ​6​ ​pages​ ​are​ ​some​ ​of​ ​the​ ​documents​ ​received​ ​through​ ​a​ ​Freedom​ ​of​ ​Information Act​ ​Inquiry​ ​done​ ​by​ ​CAES.​ ​They​ ​include​ ​the​ ​Itinerary​ ​of​ ​the​ ​Illegal​ ​Summit.

We​ ​say​ ​illegal​ ​based​ ​on​ ​these​ ​2​ ​laws:

1.​ ​The​ ​Government​ ​in​ ​the​ ​Sunshine​ ​Act​ ​(Pub.L.​ ​94–409,​ ​90​ ​Stat.​ ​1241,​ ​enacted​ ​September​ ​13,​ ​1976,​ ​5 U.S.C.​ ​§​ ​552b)​ ​is​ ​a​ ​U.S.​ ​law​ ​passed​ ​in​ ​1976​ ​that​ ​affects​ ​the​ ​operations​ ​of​ ​the​ ​federal​ ​government, Congress,​ ​federal​ ​commissions,​ ​and​ ​other​ ​legally​ ​constituted​ ​federal​ ​bodies.​ ​It​ ​is​ ​one​ ​of​ ​a​ ​number​ ​of Freedom​ ​of​ ​Information​ ​Acts,​ ​intended​ ​to​ ​create​ ​greater​ ​transparency​ ​in​ ​government.

“The​ ​Sunshine​ ​Act​ ​provides,​ ​with​ ​ten​ ​specified​ ​exemptions,​ ​that​ ​’every​ ​portion​ ​of​ ​every​ ​meeting​ ​of​ ​an agency​ ​shall​ ​be​ ​open​ ​to​ ​public​ ​observation.’

2.​ ​Utah​ ​Code​ ​–​ ​Title​ ​52​ ​–​ ​Chapter​ ​04​ ​–​ ​Open​ ​and​ ​Public​ ​Meetings​ ​Act.​ ​52-4-102.​ ​Declaration​ ​of​ ​public policy. ​ ​
(1)​ ​The​ ​Legislature​ ​finds​ ​and​ ​declares​ ​that​ ​the​ ​state,​ ​its​ ​agencies​ ​and​ ​political​ ​subdivisions,​ ​exist​ ​to​ ​aid​ ​in the​ ​conduct​ ​of​ ​the​ ​people’s​ ​business. ​ ​
(2)​ ​It​ ​is​ ​the​ ​intent​ ​of​ ​the​ ​Legislature​ ​that​ ​the​ ​state,​ ​its​ ​agencies,​ ​and​ ​its​ ​political​ ​subdivisions: ​ ​
(a)​ ​take​ ​their​ ​actions​ ​openly;​ ​and ​
​(b)​ ​conduct​ ​their​ ​deliberations​ ​openly.

The​ ​exemption​ ​cited​ ​by​ ​several​ ​newspapers​ ​for​ ​having​ ​this​ ​meeting​ ​closed​ ​to​ ​the​ ​public​ ​was​ ​the​ ​claim that​ ​no​ ​taxpayer​ ​money​ ​was​ ​used​ ​to​ ​host,​ ​or​ ​by​ ​attendees​ ​to​ ​travel​ ​to,​ ​or​ ​lodgings​ ​at​ ​the​ ​meeting.​ ​In​ ​other words,​ ​the​ ​Local,​ ​State​ ​and​ ​Federal​ ​vehicles​ ​we​ ​took​ ​license​ ​plate​ ​photos​ ​of​ ​in​ ​the​ ​Marriott​ ​parking garage​ ​prove​ ​that​ ​public​ ​officials​ ​did​ ​in​ ​fact​ ​spend​ ​public​ ​money​ ​to​ ​get​ ​there,​ ​and​ ​to​ ​attend​ ​the​ ​summit. The​ ​following​ ​is​ ​the​ ​exemption​ ​cited:

52-4-103.​ ​Definitions(4)​ ​(b)​ ​(iii)​ ​the​ ​convening​ ​of​ ​a​ ​public​ ​body​ ​that​ ​has​ ​both​ ​legislative​ ​and​ ​executive responsibilities​ ​where​ ​no​ ​public​ ​funds​ ​are​ ​appropriated​ ​for​ ​expenditure​ ​during​ ​the​ ​time​ ​the​ ​public​ ​body​ ​is convened:







Attachment​ ​C​ ​-​ ​​ ​Census​ ​of​ ​Wild​ ​Horses​ ​and​ ​Burro​ ​on​ ​the​ ​Navajo​ ​Nation 

Survey​ ​of​ ​Free-Range​ ​Horses​ ​(Equus​ ​caballus)​ ​on​ ​the​ ​Navajo​ ​Nation​ ​Final​ ​Report

Prepared​ ​for​ ​Navajo​ ​Nation​ ​Department​ ​of​ ​Fish​ ​and​ ​Wildlife

by​ ​Eagle​ ​Environmental,​ ​Inc.​ ​&​ ​Western​ ​Ecosystem​ ​Technology,​ ​Inc.

February​ ​13,​ ​2017

From​ ​this​ ​report:

“From​ ​July​ ​24​ ​to​ ​August​ ​3,​ ​2016,​ ​we​ ​used​ ​a​ ​fixed-wing​ ​aircraft​ ​to​ ​survey​ ​a​ ​systematic random​ ​sample​ ​of​ ​89​ ​east-west​ ​transects​ ​across​ ​the​ ​Navajo​ ​Nation​ ​with​ ​a​ ​total​ ​length​ ​of 4,975​ ​km.​ ​We​ ​observed​ ​527​ ​horse​ ​groups,​ ​comprising​ ​4,290​ ​horses…”

Attachment D – Governor Martinez plan with the New Mexico Livestock Board for “Triage”, Mass Euthanasia, and “Humane Slaughter for Zoo Animal Protein” from wild horses from BLM holding pens and tribal horses



The​ ​SAME​ ​plan​ ​we​ ​caught​ ​Governor​ ​Martinez​ ​and​ ​the​ ​New​ ​Mexico​ ​Livestock​ ​Board​ ​with RED​ ​Handed.​ ​Read​ ​the​ ​info​ ​IN​ ​YELLOW.



The​ ​NMLB​ ​and​ ​State​ ​Vet​ ​of​ ​NM​ ​planning​ ​the​ ​DEMISE​ ​of​ ​federally​ ​wild​ ​horses​ ​and​ ​having​ ​them KILLED​ ​on​ ​Sovereign​ ​lands??!!​ ​This​ ​plan​ ​was​ ​hatched​ ​under​ ​Secretary​ ​Salazar​ ​with​ ​NM Governor​ ​Martinez.​ ​Secretary​ ​Salazar​ ​was​ ​working​ ​across​ ​jurisdictional​ ​boundaries​ ​and​ ​NGO’s supposedly​ ​to​ ​deal​ ​with​ ​global​ ​climate​ ​change.

However,​ ​it​ ​was​ ​more​ ​to​ ​gain​ ​immunity​ ​for​ ​politicians​ ​to​ ​kill​ ​our​ ​wild​ ​horses​ ​while​ ​scapegoating the​ ​Navajo​ ​Nation.​ ​Can​ ​we​ ​go​ ​any​ ​lower?​ ​Are​ ​we​ ​not​ ​yet​ ​better​ ​than​ ​this?



Attachment​ ​E​ ​-​ ​Governor​ ​Richardson​ ​and​ ​Navajo​ ​President​ ​Ben​ ​Shelly.​ ​Memorandum​ ​of Understanding​ ​(MOU) 

They​ ​got​ ​caught​ ​with​ ​this​ ​plan​ ​in​ ​2013​ ​and​ ​the​ ​Navajo​ ​MOU​ ​with​ ​ex​ ​Governor​ ​Richardson​ ​and APNM.

We’re​ ​providing​ ​typed​ ​transcription​ ​of​ ​the​ ​2​ ​documents​ ​below,​ ​vital​ ​portions,​ ​because​ ​the documents​ ​are​ ​blurred​ ​and​ ​hard​ ​to​ ​read.

Governor​ ​Richardson/Navajo​ ​MOU,​ ​2014,​ ​page​ ​2

“A.​ ​The​ ​foundation​ ​agrees:

1. It​ ​will​ ​make​ ​determined​ ​efforts​ ​to​ ​fundraise,​ ​provide​ ​and/or​ ​secure​ ​resources​ ​for the​ ​Navajo​ ​Nation​ ​to​ ​use​ ​for​ ​the​ ​successful​ ​implementation​ ​of​ ​the​ ​management program.

2. That​ ​it​ ​will​ ​make​ ​determined​ ​efforts​ ​with​ ​the​ ​state,​ ​the​ ​federal​ ​government, conservation​ ​groups,​ ​private​ ​Parties,​ ​and​ ​foundation​ ​groups,​ ​to​ ​identify​ ​and secure​ ​services​ ​for​ ​humane​ ​solutions​ ​to​ ​controlling​ ​horse​ ​overpopulation including​ ​triages,​ ​adoption,​ ​the​ ​creation​ ​of​ ​sanctuaries,​ ​providing​ ​feed​ ​to​ ​prevent starvation,​ ​and​ ​the​ ​degradation​ ​of​ ​rangeland,​ ​and​ ​veterinarian​ ​services​ ​aimed​ ​at caretaking​ ​and​ ​population​ ​control.

Governor​ ​Richardson/Navajo​ ​MOU,​ ​2014,​ ​page​ ​3

“B.​ ​The​ ​nation​ ​agrees

1.​ ​It​ ​will​ ​immediately​ ​make​ ​reasonable​ ​efforts​ ​to​ ​work​ ​with​ ​buyers​ ​offering​ ​humane alternatives​ ​to​ ​the​ ​transportation​ ​of​ ​horses​ ​to​ ​slaughter​ ​facilities,​ ​and ​

​2.​ ​That​ ​once​ ​sufficient​ ​funds​ ​are​ ​secured​ ​for​ ​the​ ​Nation’s​ ​humane​ ​equine management​ ​program​ ​and​ ​the​ ​horse​ ​population​ ​has​ ​been​ ​significantly​ ​controlled​ ​to a​ ​reasonable​ ​capacity,​ ​the​ ​nation​ ​will​ ​cease​ ​the​ ​transportation​ ​of​ ​horses​ ​to slaughter​ ​facilities​ ​and​ ​all​ ​sales​ ​of​ ​horses​ ​to​ ​buyers​ ​transporting​ ​horses​ ​to slaughter​ ​facilities.​ ​Sufficient​ ​funds​ ​shall​ ​be​ ​determined​ ​by​ ​the​ ​foundation​ ​and​ ​the nation​ ​after​ ​the​ ​creation​ ​of​ ​the​ ​program​ ​plan.

3.​ ​That​ ​it​ ​will​ ​cease​ ​public​ ​statements​ ​that​ ​support​ ​horse​ ​slaughter,​ ​and​ ​will continue​ ​to​ ​support​ ​the​ ​humane​ ​treatment​ ​of​ ​horses.​ ​“

These​ ​are​ ​the​ ​two​ ​pages​ ​of​ ​the​ ​Navajo​ ​MOU​ ​with​ ​Bill​ ​Richardson​ ​in​ ​conjunction​ ​with​ ​other NGO’s​ ​(See​ ​Attachment​ ​J)​ ​that​ ​talk​ ​about​ ​continuing​ ​slaughter​ ​and​ ​talk​ ​about​ ​starting Triage​ ​when​ ​there​ ​is​ ​enough​ ​$$$$$.​ ​Remember​ ​Triage​ ​is​ ​defined​ ​in​ ​the​ ​blue​ ​presentation as​ ​Euthanasia​ ​of​ ​unwanted​ ​horses​ ​which​ ​are​ ​defined​ ​as​ ​wild​ ​horses​ ​in​ ​holding​ ​pens​ ​and wild​ ​horses​ ​on​ ​tribal​ ​lands.

Attachment​ ​F​ ​-​ ​License​ ​Plates​ ​from​ ​the​ ​Summit,​ ​including​ ​that​ ​of​ ​Navajo​ ​Fish​ ​and Game


Attachment​ ​G​ ​-​ ​IBLA​ ​notice​ ​to​ ​CAES​ ​that​ ​the​ ​BLM​ ​was​ ​dropping​ ​their​ ​decision​ ​of record​ ​on​ ​the​ ​sterilization​ ​experiment​ ​at​ ​Burns


Attachment​ ​H​ ​-​ ​National​ ​Academy​ ​of​ ​Sciences​ ​statement​ ​that​ ​BLM’s​ ​management​ ​is causing​ ​increased​ ​birth​ ​rates

FINDING: Management practices are facilitating high horse population growth rates.

Free-ranging horse populations are growing at high rates because their numbers are held below levels affected by food limitation and density dependence. In population ecology, density dependence refers to the influence of density on such population processes as population growth, age-specific survival, and natality. Effects of increased population density are manifested through such changes as reductions in pregnancy, fecundity, percentage of females lactating, young-to-female ratios, and survival rates. Regularly removing horses holds population levels below food-limited carrying capacity.

Thus, population growth rate could be increased by removals through compensatory population growth from decreased competition for forage. As a result, the number of animals processed through holding facilities is probably increased by management.”

National Research Council. 2013. Using Science to Improve the BLM Wild Horse and Burro Program: A Way Forward. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13

Attachment​ ​I​ ​-​ ​Navajo​ ​MOU​ ​in​ ​the​ ​news​ ​with​ ​BIll​ ​Richardson​ ​and​ ​APNM​ ​Animal Protection​ ​of​ ​NM 


Keith Dane, President of the Humane Society forwarded us this wonderful news. Thank you Bill Richardson and Robert Redford for making this happen. ~ Habitat for Horses
For Immediate Release: Contact: Alarie Ray-Garcia
Thursday, May 1, 2014 (505) 225-3605

SANTA​ ​FE-The​ ​Foundation​ ​to​ ​Protect​ ​New​ ​Mexico​ ​Wildlife​ ​today​ ​announced​ ​it​ ​has​ ​formalized​ ​an agreement​ ​with​ ​the​ ​Navajo​ ​Nation​ ​to​ ​develop​ ​a​ ​comprehensive​ ​and​ ​humane​ ​program​ ​to​ ​manage the​ ​thousands​ ​of​ ​free-roaming​ ​horses​ ​on​ ​the​ ​reservation.​ ​The​ ​ultimate​ ​goal​ ​of​ ​the​ ​agreement​ ​is​ ​to develop​ ​alternatives​ ​to​ ​transporting​ ​the​ ​horses​ ​to​ ​slaughter​ ​facilities.

Former​ ​New​ ​Mexico​ ​Governor​ ​and​ ​Foundation​ ​co-founder​ ​Bill​ ​Richardson​ ​negotiated​ ​the agreement​ ​with​ ​Navajo​ ​President​ ​Ben​ ​Shelly.

“This​ ​historic​ ​agreement​ ​is​ ​a​ ​great​ ​first​ ​step​ ​in​ ​our​ ​efforts​ ​to​ ​not​ ​only​ ​protect​ ​these​ ​horses,​ ​but​ ​to find​ ​humane​ ​and​ ​long-term​ ​solutions​ ​that​ ​are​ ​in​ ​the​ ​best​ ​interest​ ​of​ ​the​ ​Navajo​ ​people​ ​and​ ​their land,”​ ​Governor​ ​Richardson​ ​said.​ ​“I​ ​commend​ ​President​ ​Shelly​ ​for​ ​his​ ​commitment​ ​to​ ​this​ ​issue, and​ ​we​ ​look​ ​forward​ ​to​ ​getting​ ​right​ ​to​ ​work.”

“Working​ ​together​ ​to​ ​resolve​ ​challenges​ ​is​ ​our​ ​approach​ ​as​ ​we​ ​work​ ​with​ ​Governor​ ​Richardson​ ​and his​ ​Foundation.​ ​They​ ​will​ ​give​ ​us​ ​funding​ ​and​ ​find​ ​more​ ​resources​ ​to​ ​reverse​ ​the​ ​population​ ​of​ ​feral horses,”​ ​President​ ​Shelly​ ​said.​ ​“We​ ​will​ ​continue​ ​to​ ​treat​ ​these​ ​animals​ ​humanely​ ​and​ ​implement the​ ​best​ ​solutions​ ​to​ ​our​ ​rangeland​ ​issues.​ ​“We​ ​thank​ ​Governor​ ​Richardson​ ​and​ ​the​ ​Foundation​ ​for working​ ​with​ ​the​ ​Navajo​ ​Nation​ ​in​ ​this​ ​most​ ​important​ ​effort.”

The​ ​two​ ​men​ ​have​ ​initialed​ ​the​ ​agreement,​ ​allowing​ ​work​ ​to​ ​begin,​ ​and​ ​hope​ ​to​ ​hold​ ​a​ ​formal signing​ ​ceremony​ ​with​ ​all​ ​involved​ ​parties​ ​in​ ​the​ ​near​ ​future.

“I​ ​also​ ​want​ ​to​ ​thank​ ​the​ ​country’s​ ​top​ ​animal​ ​protection​ ​groups​ ​that​ ​have​ ​agreed​ ​to​ ​partner​ ​with​ ​us on​ ​this​ ​important​ ​project,”​ ​Governor​ ​Richardson​ ​added.​ ​“Their​ ​dedication​ ​and​ ​expertise​ ​will​ ​be critical​ ​to​ ​the​ ​success​ ​of​ ​our​ ​efforts.”

Those​ ​partners​ ​include:​ ​Return​ ​to​ ​Freedom​ ​Wild​ ​Horse​ ​Preservation,​ ​ASPCA,​ ​Humane​ ​Society​ ​of United​ ​States,​ ​Animal​ ​Welfare​ ​Institute,​ ​and​ ​Animal​ ​Protection​ ​of​ ​New​ ​Mexico.

The​ ​Foundation​ ​and​ ​its​ ​partners​ ​are​ ​currently​ ​working​ ​with​ ​representatives​ ​of​ ​the​ ​Navajo​ ​Nation​ ​on developing​ ​the​ ​first​ ​phase​ ​of​ ​the​ ​equine​ ​management​ ​program,​ ​which​ ​may​ ​eventually​ ​include adoptions,​ ​triages,​ ​veterinarian​ ​services​ ​and​ ​sanctuaries.​ ​They​ ​are​ ​also​ ​working​ ​to​ ​identify​ ​possible funding​ ​sources​ ​for​ ​these​ ​activities. Meanwhile,​ ​the​ ​Navajo​ ​Nation​ ​has​ ​agreed​ ​to​ ​immediately​ ​make​ ​every​ ​effort​ ​to​ ​only​ ​deal​ ​with​ ​those horse​ ​buyers​ ​that​ ​offer​ ​humane​ ​alternatives​ ​to​ ​the​ ​transportation​ ​of​ ​horses​ ​to​ ​slaughter​ ​facilities.

“Return​ ​to​ ​Freedom​ ​salutes​ ​Governor​ ​Richardson​ ​for​ ​his​ ​leadership​ ​and​ ​applauds​ ​Navajo​ ​President Shelley​ ​for​ ​his​ ​commitment​ ​to​ ​collaborate​ ​on​ ​alternatives​ ​to​ ​horse​ ​slaughter​ ​while​ ​we​ ​work​ ​together on​ ​long-term​ ​solutions​ ​for​ ​horses​ ​on​ ​Navajo​ ​lands,”​ ​said​ ​Neda​ ​DeMayo​ ​President​ ​of​ ​Return​ ​to Freedom,​ ​a​ ​wild​ ​horse​ ​preservation​ ​and​ ​education​ ​organization.​ ​“Since​ ​1999,​ ​Return​ ​to​ ​Freedom has​ ​pioneered​ ​educational​ ​programs​ ​and​ ​minimally​ ​invasive​ ​wild​ ​horse​ ​management​ ​solutions​ ​that have​ ​been​ ​applied​ ​both​ ​on​ ​sanctuaries​ ​and​ ​on​ ​western​ ​rangelands.​ ​We​ ​stand​ ​ready​ ​to​ ​help.”

“The​ ​ASPCA​ ​applauds​ ​former​ ​Governor​ ​Richardson​ ​and​ ​Navajo​ ​President​ ​Shelly​ ​for​ ​their​ ​joint efforts​ ​to​ ​protect​ ​the​ ​free-roaming​ ​horses​ ​on​ ​Navajo​ ​land​ ​from​ ​being​ ​sent​ ​to​ ​slaughter,”​ ​said​ ​Jacque Schultz,​ ​senior​ ​director​ ​of​ ​the​ ​ASPCA​ ​Equine​ ​Fund.​ ​“Horses​ ​have​ ​been​ ​central​ ​to​ ​the​ ​ASPCA’s mission​ ​since​ ​our​ ​founding​ ​in​ ​1866.​ ​Through​ ​our​ ​experience​ ​providing​ ​funding​ ​and​ ​training​ ​sources to​ ​equine​ ​rescues​ ​and​ ​sanctuaries​ ​around​ ​the​ ​country,​ ​we​ ​look​ ​forward​ ​to​ ​lending​ ​our​ ​support​ ​at this​ ​critical​ ​juncture​ ​to​ ​those​ ​ready​ ​and​ ​willing​ ​to​ ​offer​ ​a​ ​humane​ ​alternative​ ​to​ ​slaughter.”

“The​ ​HSUS​ ​welcomes​ ​the​ ​opportunity​ ​to​ ​work​ ​with​ ​The​ ​Foundation​ ​to​ ​Protect​ ​New​ ​Mexico​ ​Wildlife and​ ​the​ ​Navajo​ ​Nation​ ​to​ ​implement​ ​long-term,​ ​humane​ ​and​ ​sustainable​ ​solutions​ ​for​ ​managing​ ​the Navajo​ ​Nation’s​ ​horse​ ​population,”​ ​said​ ​Stephanie​ ​Boyles​ ​Griffin,​ ​The​ ​HSUS’​ ​senior​ ​director​ ​of Innovative​ ​Wildlife​ ​Management.​ ​“The​ ​HSUS​ ​is​ ​a​ ​leader​ ​in​ ​the​ ​research​ ​and​ ​development​ ​of non-lethal​ ​wildlife​ ​management​ ​technologies​ ​and​ ​is​ ​currently​ ​conducting​ ​wild​ ​horse​ ​fertility​ ​control research​ ​projects,​ ​including​ ​one​ ​in​ ​the​ ​Jarita​ ​Mesa​ ​Wild​ ​Horse​ ​Territory​ ​in​ ​New​ ​Mexico.​ ​The​ ​Navajo Nation’s​ ​efforts​ ​to​ ​create​ ​humane​ ​horse​ ​management​ ​programs​ ​will​ ​serve​ ​as​ ​a​ ​model​ ​for​ ​other tribes​ ​and​ ​will​ ​be​ ​a​ ​source​ ​of​ ​pride​ ​for​ ​the​ ​entire​ ​tribe​ ​for​ ​years​ ​to​ ​come.”

“We​ ​are​ ​grateful​ ​for​ ​the​ ​opportunity​ ​to​ ​join​ ​with​ ​Governor​ ​Richardson​ ​in​ ​working​ ​with​ ​the​ ​Navajo Nation​ ​and​ ​the​ ​Navajo​ ​people​ ​on​ ​what​ ​will​ ​be​ ​an​ ​unprecedented​ ​endeavor​ ​to​ ​save​ ​wild​ ​horses​ ​from being​ ​removed​ ​from​ ​their​ ​habitat​ ​and​ ​slaughtered,”​ ​said​ ​Chris​ ​Heyde,​ ​deputy​ ​director​ ​of Government​ ​and​ ​Legal​ ​Affairs​ ​for​ ​the​ ​Animal​ ​Welfare​ ​Institute.​ ​“The​ ​horse​ ​is​ ​central​ ​to​ ​the​ ​culture​ ​of the​ ​Dine’​ ​and​ ​we​ ​know​ ​the​ ​people​ ​have​ ​great​ ​reverence​ ​for​ ​their​ ​well-being​ ​and​ ​conservation.​ ​With time​ ​and​ ​cooperation,​ ​this​ ​project​ ​will​ ​succeed​ ​and​ ​be​ ​an​ ​example​ ​for​ ​the​ ​proper​ ​management​ ​of​ ​all wild​ ​and​ ​free-roaming​ ​horses​ ​throughout​ ​the​ ​West.”

“Horses​ ​help​ ​to​ ​remind​ ​us​ ​of​ ​the​ ​things​ ​all​ ​New​ ​Mexicans​ ​care​ ​about:​ ​our​ ​land,​ ​our​ ​people,​ ​and​ ​all the​ ​animals​ ​that​ ​enrich​ ​our​ ​lives​ ​and​ ​make​ ​our​ ​state​ ​unique​ ​and​ ​wonderful.​ ​We’re​ ​grateful​ ​for​ ​the opportunity​ ​to​ ​work​ ​with​ ​the​ ​Navajo​ ​people​ ​to​ ​help​ ​preserve​ ​this​ ​honorable​ ​heritage,”​ ​said​ ​Lisa Jennings,​ ​Executive​ ​Director​ ​of​ ​Animal​ ​Protection​ ​of​ ​New​ ​Mexico.

About​ ​the​ ​Foundation​ ​to​ ​Protect​ ​NM​ ​Wildlife:

Governor​ ​Richardson​ ​and​ ​actor,​ ​director​ ​and​ ​conservationist​ ​Robert​ ​Redford​ ​founded​ ​the Foundation​ ​to​ ​Protect​ ​New​ ​Mexico​ ​Wildlife​ ​in​ ​2013.​ ​Since​ ​its​ ​inception,​ ​the​ ​Foundation​ ​has​ ​worked to​ ​stop​ ​the​ ​slaughter​ ​of​ ​horses​ ​and​ ​seek​ ​out​ ​alternative​ ​and​ ​humane​ ​solutions​ ​to​ ​deal​ ​with​ ​the country’s​ ​wild​ ​horse​ ​population.

Attachment​ ​J​ ​-​ ​Cost​ ​Analysis​ ​-​ ​On​ ​Range​ ​Management​ ​from​ ​Summit

“Horse and Burro Overview Fact Sheet” – National Wild Horse and Burro Rangeland Management Coalition
National Wild Horse and Burro Summit – Video Screenshot

Attachment​ ​K​ ​-​ ​Cost​ ​Analysis​ ​-​ ​PZP​ ​-​ ​Darting​ ​via​ ​Helicopter 



Attachment​ ​L​ ​-​ ​Udall​ ​Language​ ​in​ ​Department​ ​of​ ​Agriculture​ ​FY​ ​2017​ ​bill,​ ​Stewart Langauge​ ​in​ ​Interior​ ​FY​ ​2017​ ​and​ ​2018​ ​Bills

Udall​ ​language​ ​that​ ​has​ ​been​ ​included​ ​in​ ​the​ ​Departments​ ​of​ ​Interior​ ​and/or​ ​Agriculture​ ​in previous​ ​years:

Appropriations herein made shall not be available for the destruction of healthy, unadopted, wild horses and burros in the care of the Bureau or its contractors or for the sale of wild horses and burros that results in their destruction for processing into commercial products.”

HOWEVER,​ ​in​ ​accordance​ ​with​ ​the​ ​plans​ ​laid​ ​out​ ​by​ ​documents​ ​we​ ​obtained​ ​from​ ​the Governor​ ​Herbert’s​ ​office,​ ​pertaining​ ​to​ ​the​ ​‘Secret’​ ​Summit​ ​that​ ​language​ ​was​ ​left​ ​out. (‘getting​ ​rid​ ​of​ ​the​ ​rider’)

Stewart Language in Department of Interior FY 2017 language to allow sale/transfer of horses to agencies.


Stewart​ ​Language​ ​in​ ​Department​ ​of​ ​Interior​ ​FY​ ​2018​ ​language​ ​to​ ​allow​ ​sales/transfers without​ ​limitations.​ ​Removing ​any​ ​restrictions​ ​placed​ ​on​ ​them​ ​to​ ​allow​ ​mass​ ​euthanasia.
Explanation​ ​of​ ​the​ ​language​ ​in​ ​the​ ​Stewart​ ​Interior​ ​FY​ ​2018​ ​amendment.

Attachment​ ​M​ ​-​ ​​ ​GAO​ ​Report​ ​and​ ​FOIA​ ​Email​ ​Communications 

The​ ​following​ ​GAO​ ​report,​ ​from​ ​July​ ​17,​ ​2017,​ ​is​ ​the​ ​one​ ​discussed​ ​in​ ​previous​ ​pages:

What​ ​GAO​ ​Found

Federal​ ​agencies​ ​do​ ​not​ ​have​ ​a​ ​recent​ ​estimate​ ​of​ ​the​ ​total​ ​U.S.​ ​horse​ ​population.​ ​Available​ ​data​ ​suggest​ ​that​ ​the domesticated​ ​population​ ​may​ ​range​ ​from​ ​5​ ​million​ ​to​ ​9​ ​million,​ ​but​ ​there​ ​are​ ​limitations​ ​to​ ​these​ ​estimates.​ ​Data​ ​also suggest​ ​that​ ​the​ ​number​ ​of​ ​wild​ ​horses​ ​on​ ​public​ ​lands​ ​and​ ​in​ ​holding​ ​facilities​ ​has​ ​more​ ​than​ ​doubled​ ​in​ ​the​ ​past​ ​16 years,​ ​to​ ​more​ ​than​ ​110,000​ ​in​ ​2016,​ ​and​ ​that​ ​more​ ​than​ ​90,000​ ​​feral​​ ​horses​ ​reside​ ​on​ ​certain​ ​tribal​ ​lands. Managing​ ​the​ ​horse​ ​population​ ​in​ ​the​ ​United​ ​States​ ​could​ ​include​ ​relocation​ ​to​ ​new​ ​homes,​ ​euthanasia​ ​or​ ​slaughter, or​ ​steps​ ​to​ ​prevent​ ​breeding.​ ​There​ ​are​ ​some​ ​differences​ ​in​ ​the​ ​options​ ​available​ ​for​ ​managing​ ​domesticated,​ ​wild, and​ ​feral​ ​horses.​ ​Specifically:

The​ ​capacity​ ​to​ ​find​ ​new​ ​homes​ ​through​ ​rescue​ ​organizations​ ​and​ ​adoption​ ​is​ ​uncertain​ ​due​ ​to​ ​limited​ ​available information,​ ​according​ ​to​ ​stakeholders.
Domesticated​ ​and​ ​feral​ ​horses​ ​may​ ​be​ ​exported​ ​to​ ​Mexico​ ​and​ ​Canada​ ​for​ ​commercial​ ​slaughter.​ ​The​ ​Bureau​ ​of Land​ ​Management​ ​(BLM)​ ​has​ ​placed​ ​conditions​ ​on​ ​sales​ ​and​ ​adoptions​ ​of​ ​wild​ ​horses​ ​to​ ​prevent​ ​their​ ​slaughter. Federal​ ​agencies​ ​and​ ​stakeholders​ ​have​ ​programs​ ​to​ ​control​ ​population​ ​growth.​ ​These​ ​efforts​ ​are​ ​not​ ​currently affordable​ ​or​ ​practical​ ​to​ ​implement​ ​on​ ​a​ ​large​ ​scale​ ​for​ ​reducing​ ​annual​ ​population​ ​growth​ ​and​ ​maintaining​ ​most​ ​wild horse​ ​populations​ ​at​ ​sustainable​ ​levels,​ ​according​ ​to​ ​BLM​ ​officials.

Stakeholders​ ​identified​ ​various​ ​types​ ​of​ ​impacts​ ​that​ ​free-roaming​ ​horse​ ​populations​ ​have​ ​on​ ​the​ ​environment, particularly​ ​in​ ​western​ ​states.​ ​These​ ​impacts​ ​may​ ​include​ ​harming​ ​native​ ​vegetation,​ ​altering​ ​the​ ​landscape,​ ​and dispersing​ ​seeds.​ ​Federal​ ​agencies​ ​support​ ​research​ ​to​ ​better​ ​understand​ ​these​ ​impacts.

Why​ ​GAO​ ​Did​ ​This​ ​Study

The​ ​U.S.​ ​horse​ ​population​ ​consists​ ​of​ ​domesticated​ ​horses​ ​in​ ​private​ ​care—such​ ​as​ ​race​ ​horses,​ ​show​ ​horses,​ ​and horses​ ​residing​ ​on​ ​farms—and​ ​free-roaming​ ​horses,​ ​including​ ​wild​ ​horses​ ​and​ ​burros​ ​on​ ​certain​ ​U.S.​ ​public​ ​lands and​ ​feral​ ​horses​ ​on​ ​tribal​ ​or​ ​other​ ​lands.​ ​The​ ​term​ ​’horses’​ ​refers​ ​to​ ​all​ ​equines,​ ​including​ ​burros,​ ​mules,​ ​and​ ​asses. Federal​ ​and​ ​state​ ​agencies​ ​and​ ​nongovernmental​ ​stakeholders​ ​have​ ​raised​ ​concerns​ ​about​ ​the​ ​availability​ ​of​ ​options for​ ​managing​ ​horse​ ​populations,​ ​such​ ​as​ ​challenges​ ​in​ ​finding​ ​homes​ ​for​ ​adoption​ ​and​ ​limited​ ​capacity​ ​at​ ​rescue sites;​ ​the​ ​cost​ ​of​ ​caring​ ​for​ ​wild​ ​horses;​ ​and​ ​the​ ​effectiveness​ ​of​ ​efforts​ ​to​ ​limit​ ​population​ ​growth​ ​and​ ​environmental impacts​ ​of​ ​free-roaming​ ​horses.​ ​Stakeholders​ ​have​ ​also​ ​raised​ ​concerns​ ​about​ ​the​ ​welfare​ ​of​ ​horses​ ​sold​ ​for​ ​export to​ ​either​ ​Mexico​ ​or​ ​Canada,​ ​which​ ​permit​ ​commercial​ ​slaughter​ ​of​ ​horses​ ​for​ ​human​ ​consumption.​ ​In​ ​the​ ​United States,​ ​such​ ​slaughter​ ​has​ ​been​ ​effectively​ ​prohibited​ ​by​ ​language​ ​Congress​ ​included​ ​in​ ​annual​ ​appropriations​ ​acts for​ ​fiscal​ ​years​ ​2006​ ​to​ ​2011​ ​and​ ​beginning​ ​again​ ​in​ ​fiscal​ ​year​ ​2014.​ ​Specifically,​ ​the​ ​annual​ ​appropriations​ ​acts have​ ​prohibited​ ​the​ ​use​ ​of​ ​federal​ ​funds​ ​to​ ​inspect​ ​horses​ ​that​ ​are​ ​to​ ​be​ ​slaughtered​ ​for​ ​human​ ​consumption. GAO​ ​was​ ​asked​ ​to​ ​review​ ​issues​ ​related​ ​to​ ​horse​ ​welfare.​ ​This​ ​report​ ​provides​ ​information​ ​on​ ​the​ ​(1)​ ​size​ ​of​ ​the​ ​U.S. horse​ ​population,​ ​(2)​ ​available​ ​options​ ​for​ ​managing​ ​the​ ​U.S.​ ​horse​ ​population,​ ​and​ ​(3)​ ​types​ ​of​ ​impacts,​ ​if​ ​any,​ ​that free-roaming​ ​horses​ ​have​ ​on​ ​the​ ​environment.

GAO​ ​reviewed​ ​and​ ​summarized​ ​agency,​ ​tribal,​ ​and​ ​nongovernmental​ ​stakeholder​ ​data​ ​and​ ​documentation​ ​related​ ​to horse​ ​population​ ​estimates​ ​and​ ​interviewed​ ​BLM,​ ​Bureau​ ​of​ ​Indian​ ​Affairs,​ ​U.S.​ ​Geological​ ​Survey,​ ​and​ ​U.S. Department​ ​of​ ​Agriculture​ ​officials;​ ​a​ ​state​ ​and​ ​a​ ​tribal​ ​government;​ ​and​ ​three​ ​nongovernmental​ ​stakeholders.

What​ ​GAO​ ​Recommends

GAO​ ​is​ ​not​ ​making​ ​any​ ​recommendations​ ​in​ ​this​ ​report

For​ ​more​ ​information,​ ​contact​ ​Steve​ ​Morris​ ​at​ ​(202)​ ​512-3841​ ​or

This​ ​is​ ​the​ ​email​ ​chain​ ​denying​ ​our​ ​FOIA​ ​request​ ​​(personal​ ​information,​ ​email,​ ​address and/or​ ​phone​ ​numbers​ ​may​ ​have​ ​been​ ​omitted.)

From:​ ​Patience​ ​O Sent:​ ​
Monday,​ ​August​ ​28,​ ​2017​ ​1:38​ ​PM
To:​ ​Morris,​ ​Steve​ ​D;​ ​Contact
Subject:​ ​Freedom​ ​of​ ​Information​ ​Act​ ​request​ ​on​ ​GAO​ ​Report​ ​17-680R

Government​ ​Accountability​ ​Office
441​ ​G​ ​St.,​ ​NW, Washington,​ ​DC​ ​20548
(202)​ ​512-3000 c

Dear​ ​Public​ ​Information​ ​Officer,
1.​ ​Please​ ​provide​ ​all​ ​documentation,​ ​all​ ​census,​ ​all​ ​estimates,​ ​all​ ​anecdotal​ ​information,​ ​which​ ​provides​ ​the basis​ ​for​ ​GAO​ ​Report​ ​17-680R​ ​to​ ​report​ ​that​ ​”more​ ​than​ ​90,000​ ​horses​ ​reside​ ​on​ ​certain​ ​tribal​ ​lands”.
2.​ ​Please​ ​provide​ ​all​ ​documentation​ ​which​ ​provides​ ​the​ ​basis​ ​for​ ​not​ ​reviewing​ ​and/or​ ​not​ ​including​ ​the results/information​ ​of​ ​the​ ​National​ ​Academy​ ​of​ ​Sciences​ ​report​ ​for​ ​the​ ​BLM​ ​on​ ​the​ ​Wild​ ​Horse​ ​and​ ​Burro Program (http://dels.nas.edu/resources/static-assets/materials-based-on-reports/reports-in-brief/wild-horses-report-brieffinal.pdf)​ ​in​ ​this​ ​GAO​ ​Report​ ​17-680R.
3.​ ​Please​ ​provide​ ​the​ ​legal​ ​basis​ ​for​ ​each​ ​redaction.
4.​ ​Please​ ​provide​ ​the​ ​legal​ ​basis​ ​for​ ​each​ ​delay. Thanks​ ​Much! Patience​ ​O’Dowd

From:​ ​”Lu,​ ​David”​ ​<LuD@gao.gov>
To:​ ​”​’patience_odowd@yahoo.com​'”
Sent:​ ​Wednesday,​ ​September​ ​13,​ ​2017​ ​9:16​ ​AM
Subject:​ ​GAO’s​ ​Response​ ​to​ ​Your​ ​Request

Ms.​ ​O’Dowd,

Please​ ​see​ ​the​ ​attached​ ​response​ ​regarding​ ​your​ ​FOIA​ ​request.

David​ ​Lu
Audit​ ​Policy​ ​&​ ​Quality​ ​Assurance Government​ ​Accountability​ ​Office
441​ ​G​ ​Street,​ ​NW Room​ ​5237
Washington,​ ​DC​ ​​ ​20548
Tel:​ ​​ ​(202)​ ​512-5302
Email:​ ​​ ​​lud@gao.gov


From:​ ​Patience​ ​O
Sent:​ ​Wednesday,​ ​September​ ​13,​ ​2017​ ​12:52​ ​PM
To:​ ​Lu,​ ​David
Subject:​ ​Re:​ ​GAO’s​ ​Response​ ​to​ ​Your​ ​Request

Dear​ ​Mr.​ ​Lu, This​ ​GAO​ ​report​ ​has​ ​already​ ​been​ ​published. This​ ​apparent​ ​scapegoating​ ​of​ ​Sovereigns​ ​by​ ​the​ ​Government​ ​Accountability​ ​Office​ ​(GAO)​ ​is​ ​illegal,​ ​as​ ​is​ ​this “denial”,​ ​without​ ​actual​ ​basis. This​ ​FOIA​ ​request​ ​is​ ​now​ ​overdue. Please​ ​send​ ​us​ ​your​ ​current​ ​appeal​ ​procedures.

Thanks​ ​Much, Patience​ ​O’Dowd

From:​ ​”Lu,​ ​David”​ ​<LuD@gao.gov>
To:​ ​’Patience​ ​O’ Sent:​ ​Wednesday,​ ​September​ ​13,​ ​2017​ ​12:24​ ​PM
Subject:​ ​RE:​ ​GAO’s​ ​Response​ ​to​ ​Your​ ​Request

Ms.​ ​O’Dowd,

You​ ​are​ ​correct​ ​in​ ​that​ ​GAO-17-680R​ ​is​ ​already​ ​published.​ ​However,​ ​the​ ​working​ ​papers​ ​for​ ​that​ ​report​ ​are currently​ ​being​ ​used​ ​for​ ​another​ ​engagement​ ​regarding​ ​the​ ​same​ ​subject​ ​matter,​ ​and​ ​we​ ​do​ ​not​ ​release records​ ​that​ ​are​ ​part​ ​of​ ​ongoing​ ​work.​ ​We​ ​estimate​ ​the​ ​new​ ​engagement​ ​will​ ​be​ ​completed​ ​around​ ​June​ ​2018. If​ ​you​ ​would​ ​still​ ​like​ ​to​ ​file​ ​an​ ​appeal,​ ​you​ ​can​ ​submit​ ​a​ ​letter​ ​to​ ​the​ ​Comptroller​ ​General​ ​of​ ​the​ ​United​ ​States (441​ ​G​ ​Street,​ ​NW;​ ​Washington,​ ​DC​ ​20548)​ ​setting​ ​forth​ ​the​ ​basis​ ​for​ ​your​ ​belief​ ​that​ ​the​ ​denial​ ​of​ ​your request​ ​was​ ​unwarranted.

Thanks David

From:​ ​Patience​ ​O
Sent:​ ​Wednesday,​ ​September​ ​13,​ ​2017​ ​5:05​ ​PM
To:​ ​Lu,​ ​David
Subject:​ ​Re:​ ​GAO’s​ ​Response​ ​to​ ​Your​ ​Request

Dear​ ​Mr.​ ​Lu,

Thank​ ​you​ ​for​ ​your​ ​response. The​ ​FOIA​ ​below,​ ​is​ ​not​ ​requesting​ ​information​ ​regarding​ ​any​ ​current​ ​work.​ ​Moreover,​ ​WHOA​ ​was​ ​not​ ​even aware​ ​the​ ​work​ ​you​ ​are​ ​referring​ ​to​ ​below. The​ ​FOIA​ ​below​ ​is​ ​only​ ​regarding​ ​the​ ​GAO​ ​referenced​ ​GAO-17-680R. If​ ​there​ ​are​ ​any​ ​items​ ​legally​ ​withheld,​ ​please​ ​also​ ​provide​ ​the​ ​public​ ​meeting​ ​and​ ​meeting​ ​minutes,​ ​where​ ​this was​ ​approved. Again,​ ​I​ ​ask​ ​that​ ​you​ ​please​ ​provide​ ​the​ ​materials​ ​as​ ​required​ ​statutorily,​ ​as​ ​they​ ​are​ ​overdue.

Additional​ ​Items​ ​to​ ​be​ ​provided
1.​ ​Please​ ​now​ ​also​ ​provide​ ​documentation​ ​showing​ ​the​ ​Title​ ​of​ ​what​ ​this​ ​other​ ​”engagement”​ ​is,​ ​and​ ​also​ ​what departments​ ​are​ ​working​ ​on​ ​it,​ ​in​ ​any​ ​branch​ ​of​ ​government.
2.​ ​Please​ ​now​ ​provide​ ​all​ ​all​ ​documentation​ ​regarding​ ​all​ ​funding​ ​spent​ ​on​ ​GAO-17-680R.
3.​ ​Please​ ​now​ ​provide​ ​all​ ​documentation​ ​regarding​ ​the​ ​funding​ ​projected​ ​and​ ​or​ ​spent​ ​on​ ​the​ ​”new engagement”​ ​in​ ​your​ ​response​ ​below,​ ​and​ ​highlighted.
4.​ ​Please​ ​now​ ​provide​ ​the​ ​statutory​ ​basis​ ​for​ ​the​ ​denial​ ​and/or​ ​delay​ ​of​ ​the​ ​​ ​FOIA​ ​below​ ​as​ ​was​ ​already requested​ ​in​ ​the​ ​original​ ​FOIA,​ ​no.​ ​4​ ​below​ ​and​ ​is​ ​again,​ ​overdue.

Thanks​ ​Much,

Patience​ ​O’Dowd

From:​ ​”Stokes,​ ​Patricia​ ​A”​ ​<StokesP@GAO.GOV>
To:​ ​’Patience​ ​O’
Sent:​ ​Wednesday,​ ​September​ ​20,​ ​2017​ ​12:14​ ​PM
Subject:​ ​RE:​ ​GAO’s​ ​Follow-up​ ​Response​ ​to​ ​Your​ ​Request PRI-17-256 Follow-up​ ​Response

Dear​ ​Ms.​ ​O’Dowd:

This​ ​email​ ​responds​ ​to​ ​your​ ​recent​ ​follow-up​ ​request​ ​for​ ​information.​ ​​ ​In​ ​our​ ​September​ ​11th​ ​and​ ​September 13th​ ​responses​ ​to​ ​your​ ​requests​ ​for​ ​records,​ ​we​ ​informed​ ​you​ ​that​ ​the​ ​records​ ​related​ ​to​ ​GAO-17-680R​ ​report are​ ​being​ ​used​ ​for​ ​another​ ​audit​ ​engagement​ ​regarding​ ​the​ ​same​ ​subject​ ​matter,​ ​and​ ​thus,​ ​we​ ​cannot​ ​release any​ ​records​ ​for​ ​either​ ​engagement​ ​at​ ​this​ ​time.​ ​​ ​Please​ ​understand​ ​that​ ​in​ ​order​ ​to​ ​avoid​ ​disruption​ ​of​ ​work​ ​in progress,​ ​it​ ​is​ ​our​ ​policy​ ​and​ ​practice​ ​not​ ​to​ ​release​ ​any​ ​records​ ​that​ ​are​ ​part​ ​of​ ​ongoing​ ​work​ ​or​ ​current projects.​ ​​ ​However,​ ​we​ ​estimate​ ​that​ ​the​ ​work​ ​for​ ​the​ ​new​ ​engagement​ ​will​ ​be​ ​completed​ ​around​ ​June​ ​2018 and​ ​at​ ​that​ ​time,​ ​you​ ​may​ ​want​ ​to​ ​resubmit​ ​your​ ​request​ ​for​ ​records​ ​related​ ​to​ ​GAO-17-680R​ ​and/or​ ​the​ ​new report​ ​once​ ​it​ ​is​ ​issued.​ ​​ ​Moreover,​ ​the​ ​new​ ​audit​ ​engagement​ ​is​ ​currently​ ​in​ ​the​ ​beginning​ ​of​ ​its​ ​planning stage​ ​and​ ​we​ ​have​ ​no​ ​information​ ​to​ ​provide,​ ​other​ ​than​ ​a​ ​projected​ ​issuance​ ​date.

Additionally,​ ​you​ ​asked​ ​for​ ​all​ ​documentation​ ​regarding​ ​all​ ​funding​ ​spent​ ​on​ ​GAO-17-680R​ ​report.​ ​​ ​The information​ ​you​ ​are​ ​requesting​ ​relates​ ​to​ ​our​ ​internal​ ​rules​ ​and​ ​practices​ ​release​ ​of​ ​which​ ​could​ ​prejudice GAO’s​ ​mission.​ ​​ ​Therefore,​ ​we​ ​decline​ ​to​ ​release​ ​our​ ​cost​ ​information​ ​pursuant​ ​to​ ​4​ ​C.F.R.​ ​§​ ​81.6(c).​ ​​ ​​ ​Also, you​ ​requested​ ​us​ ​to​ ​provide​ ​the​ ​legal​ ​basis​ ​for​ ​each​ ​delay.​ ​​ ​Based​ ​on​ ​our​ ​public​ ​disclosure​ ​regulations,​ ​there were​ ​no​ ​delays​ ​in​ ​responding​ ​to​ ​your​ ​records​ ​request.

Finally,​ ​in​ ​accordance​ ​with​ ​4​ ​C.F.R.​ ​§​ ​81.4(d),​ ​further​ ​consideration​ ​of​ ​your​ ​request​ ​may​ ​be​ ​obtained​ ​by​ ​an appeal​ ​letter​ ​to​ ​the​ ​Comptroller​ ​General​ ​of​ ​the​ ​United​ ​States​ ​at​ ​441​ ​G​ ​Street,​ ​NW;​ ​Washington,​ ​DC​ ​​ ​20548, setting​ ​forth​ ​the​ ​basis​ ​for​ ​your​ ​belief​ ​that​ ​the​ ​denial​ ​of​ ​your​ ​request​ ​is​ ​unwarranted.


Patricia​ ​Stokes

Senior,​ ​Government​ ​Information​ ​Specialist
Government​ ​Accountability​ ​Office
Audit​ ​Policy​ ​&​ ​Quality​ ​Assurance
441​ ​G​ ​Street,​ ​NW Room​ ​5044
Washington,​ ​DC​ ​​ ​20548
Tel:​ ​​ ​(202)​ ​512-9951
Email:​ ​​ ​​stokesp@gao.gov

End​ ​emails.​ ​Result,​ ​no​ ​information​ ​will​ ​be​ ​released.​ ​They​ ​refuse​ ​to​ ​justify​ ​the​ ​claim​ ​of​ ​over​ ​90,000​ ​‘feral’ horses​ ​on​ ​Navajo​ ​lands.​ ​(Note,​ ​the​ ​use​ ​of​ ​the​ ​word​ ​“feral”,​ ​when​ ​the​ ​wild​ ​horses​ ​have​ ​been​ ​ruled​ ​wildlife,​ ​in​ ​at least​ ​3​ ​different​ ​court​ ​cases,​ ​including​ ​WHOA​ ​v.​ ​NMLB.​ ​This​ ​only​ ​shows​ ​the​ ​bias​ ​and​ ​disdain,​ ​toward​ ​our​ ​wild horses,​ ​of​ ​those​ ​who​ ​contributed​ ​to​ ​this​ ​report.)

Attachment​ ​N​ ​-​ ​Protect​ ​the​ ​Harvest​ ​Article


Attachment​ ​O​ ​-​ ​Representatives​ ​Mislead​ ​Public/US​ ​Criminal​ ​Code,​ ​Title​ ​18​ ​Violations 


List​ ​of​ ​articles​ ​on​ ​the​ ​Appropriation​ ​Hearings​ ​and​ ​U.S.​ ​Criminal​ ​Code,​ ​Title​ ​18​ ​violations.

Representatives​ ​Stewart,​ ​Amodei​ ​and​ ​Simpson​ ​July​ ​19

Representative Amodei July 14

Congressman​ ​Stewart​ ​Reports​ ​a​ ​41%​ ​increase​ ​in​ ​WH&B​ ​population​ ​in​ ​less​ ​than​ ​5​ ​months​ ​– IMPOSSIBLE

Attachment​ ​P​ ​-​ ​Affidavit​ ​of​ ​Interview​ ​With​ ​Dr.​ ​Pielstick,​ ​and​ ​Affidavit​ ​of​ ​Simone Netherlands









“Can you hear me now?”

An editorial of an educator, with some facts thrown in….
by Val Cecama-Hogsett

I often wonder if I am talking to myself, if people think I am paranoid or some conspiracy nut. I get really frustrated because I see a picture, I see if unfolding and growing, and I see the path that has to be followed to get to an outcome I can live with.

We all have such unique perspectives and the way we interpret information is just as unique. Those individual perceptions can take people in different directions, and that is necessary for a diverse and productive society.

That said, it makes moving forward as a cohesive unit very difficult. And right now, the wild horse advocacy has failed as a cohesive unit. But that’s not something I want to address here, I just can’t focus on the negative.

I once asked my husband, “Why is it so damn hard to protect these wild horses? People protect bears, wolves, birds, all kinds of things. WHY can’t we fight for and get anywhere for our wild horses?

His reply was so simple it stunned me, but he is absolutely correct. He said, “Seeing a wolf or a bear in the wild, for most people, is a once in a lifetime experience. Seeing a horse in the wild, to most people, is something they see every day as they drive past them in pastures. They don’t see the difference between the domestic horses and a wild horse.”

Mull that over a bit…….makes sense right? So we have to show these wild horses, and HOW they are different from domestic horses. Wait? Can we? No. why? Because domestic horses are the same species, the same genus, equus caballus. When you take a horse from the wild, you can tame it to make a domestic animal, but if you set it free again…it forgets everything you have done and is once more wild.

Again….digest that…..get it now? Wild horses, domestic horses, really all horses are wild, tamed perhaps, bred in captivity yes, certain physical traits bred in or out yes, but has it change the horse? NO…all horses technically are wild, tame maybe in captivity, but all came from the horses that were here for 58 million years…it doesn’t matter if they left and were brought back, and the ecosystem changes here were the same in Europe, wild horses evolved with plant changes, animals species change. They evolved and adapted and are surviving and thriving on this continent.

People compare wild horse to domestic horse as they do wold to dog. The two situations are completely different. When wolves began being bred in captivity they changed. As certain traits were bred in our out dogs underwent physical, biological and behavior changes that created a new genus. That has never been the case with horses.  Their ears never flopped, but are instead still erect with a slight inward curl. Their tails never curled , but most of all, the never became unable to survive in the wilds on their own. You may see stray dogs that form a pack and hunt, and sometimes they are successful. However, most of the time a dog will stay close to people when they do not have a home, they look to people to help them, feed them etc.

So where do we go from here, what is the biggest obstacle? We need to be a bigger, louder voice than we are. Why can’t we be? How do opponents of wild horses gain so much control and have so much success?

These were things that had to be answered in order to see the path forward that I believe will work. This is when I researched the livestock industry, the Bundy’s and their claims that just were outlandish to me. I was stunned to find what I did. These people, and there are MANY MANY MANY of them. are so organized, and very well funded, and they have a lot of power.

I realized that most wild horse opponents are ranchers, there are some others, oil, gas, etc., but most of them are ranchers. The reason they have decided to focus on wild horses I believe is two-fold. I believe it is a battle that appears to be over land…but it isn’t. It is also a battle to stop what they see as a ‘slippery slope’ leading to more and more animal rights which flies in the face of using cows simply to make a profit.

Let’s look at the first again, Is it or isn’t it a battle over our public lands? Is it because they want all the land? Is it because they want all the forage for their livestock? I don’t think so. I believe if they could not make the claims they do about wild horses destroying riparian areas and delicate western lands, they would be in the spotlight even more for all the damage being done by the livestock. Think of it as one sibling blaming the other when caught by their parents doing something wrong. The wild horses are just being used as a scapegoat for the livestock damage.

The second is the fear of animal rights gaining any momentum. They fear any progress humans make in respecting any animal as a sentient being, as having the right to freedom. It threatens their way of life, and if these wild horses win they have stated it is a beginning of a slippery slope that will be the end of their livelihood. I think they are a bit dramatic. What wild horse advocates, at least the ones who walk in my journey with me, want corporations off public lands. We have no issue with a small family farm, THAT was the way of the west, the culture, and heritage we love. But that is NOT the common case out here now. We have the majority of permits for grazing on public lands being handed to huge corporations.

Why would a family whose been using public lands to graze cows and support their family, need over 2 million acres of public lands? The don’t, but a corporation does! As a taxpayer, I am not ok with paying for the land management which in turn wants to gather, remove and kill my wild horses.

I am not ok with paying for an agency whose only mission is to kill predators of livestock (wolves, mountain lions, bears). And I am not ok with paying billions of dollars in subsidies for ranchers, the majority of which are corporations. I don’t eat the product, I don’t use the leather, very little of it is even kept in this country. But while I lose value of the property they damage, and I lose my wildlife, I am not being subsidized for those losses by receipt of some of their profits am I?

I elect people who are supposed to represent ME, not corporate, special interest groups. So why have I found connection after connection that started at the boots of Cliven Bundy, and worked it’s way to POTUS. Why didn’t anyone hear me when I started screaming about the connections and power these thugs had 2 years ago?

Can you hear me now?
Continue reading ““Can you hear me now?””

Outing Enemies of Horses & Burros

CAES has never been interested in making sure we play political popularity games. We don’t need new friends, or photo opportunities to get support. We have science, sound fiscal, humane solutions. We just are not lining pockets to get it done. If you are politician willing to fight for the horses and need your pocket lined to do so let us know! (joking of course, but sadly it is the situation and wild horses & burros are the poor relatives of livestock on the range.)

We attended the secret slaughter summit (National Wild Horse & Burro Summit) in Utah last month. The meeting was closed to the public, member attended via invitation only and had to pay a fee for the 3 day event.

We sent ActivateNow, and independent news media group, out to investigate. They were touted as the 2 Women in a Car (the reason for that is another story for another time). We tried to register for the Summit and were denied access.

On day 1 there was a field trip to the Delta Wild Horse & Burro Corral. Our crew was met by the ‘riot squad’ with dogs ready in their vehicles. We were told we could only be as close as the public road. So we were there and we filmed, eventually permitted in when the speeches were over, we interviewed the Governor.

Our 2 Women in a Car took videos, photos, did interviews and even got ejected (Day 2) from the Marriott where the conference was held on day 2 & 3.

We then got our 2 Women out of the cheap hotel we booked them into and put them at the Marriott as VIP guests so the could not kick them out of day 3. They were however told not to speak to any guests or hotel employees.

We were issued a formal apology for the Marriott’s behavior in that matter. (Unfortunately it was instigated by 2 Women who are Insecure, again a story for another day).

We also walked the multi-level parking garage taking photos of vehicles and license plates that were county, state and federal agencies. So while the claim was made that this meeting could be closed because it was hosted by the University of Utah, and participants had to pay to attend, use of the agency vehicles was among many things that prove that to be inaccurate.

Other factors that made this an illegal meeting that should have been open to the public were, expenses for the trip, flights, hotels, meals, gas etc. Any use of funds by an agency employee to attend a meeting that discusses policy or legislative influence must be open to the public. However our complaints about that in the weeks before the meeting, simply went ignored.

We won’t go into a lengthy, detailed accounting of what was said at this meeting because you have all heard it before. And we have provided the link to watch the parts of the meeting that were recorded and put online for the public. We accept no liability on the content of these videos being true, accurate, or the videos being unaltered. Why? Because frankly we know all of those things are probable.

The group’s spokesman, from the Berryman Institute, a division of the university, said that they had a good representation of all points of view there. They claim this because organizations with names that give the appearance to be supportive of wild horses were invited. One example is the Wild Horse and Burro Association.

The information on the coalition’s website says that over 100 groups attended but this is the list we found on the summit’s website, now calling themselves a steering committee:

National Wild Horse and Burro Summit Steering Committee
Aug. 22-24, 2017
The steering committee included representatives from the following organizations and groups:
Arizona Sportsmen
Audubon Society
Beaver County Commission
Berryman Institute
Congressional Sportsmen’s Caucus
Idaho Wildlife Federation
National Horse and Burro Rangeland Management Coalition
Nevada Division of Wildlife
Oregon Cattlemen’s Association
Society for Range Management
Sportsmen for Fish and Wildlife
The Wildlife Society
Theodore Roosevelt Conservation Partnership
University of Wyoming
Utah Department of Natural Resources
Utah Public Lands Policy Coordination Office
Utah State University Extension
Western Association of Fish & Wildlife Agencies
Western Landowners Alliance
White River and Douglas Creek Conservation Districts
Wyoming State Grazing Board

And these are the resolutions they have now published as a result of the illegal summit:

Bureau of Land Management Wild Horse and Burro Management
WHEREAS, the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) manages wild horses and burros under the authority of the 1971 Wild Free-Roaming Horses and Burros Act (Act) which directs BLM to remove excess wild horses and burros from the range to sustain the health and productivity of public lands; and
WHEREAS, The National Academy of Sciences in 2013 stated “Evidence suggests that horse populations are growing by 15 to 20 percent each year, a level that is unsustainable for maintaining healthy horse populations as well as healthy ecosystems.” In March 2017, BLM estimated 73,000 horses and burros on public rangelands yet the Appropriate Management Level (AML) is below 27,000 and nearly 50,000 animals are in holding facilities. The cost of BLM’s Wild Horse and Burro (WHB) Program has risen from $36.2 million in 2008 to $80.4 million in 2017 with most spent on care of excess animals in off-range facilities; and
WHEREAS, the removal of restrictive BLM budget appropriations language will allow the WHB Program to be more effective in achieving horse and burro numbers at AML and ensure healthy rangelands and restoration of critical riparian areas and spring sources.
NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies
  • Supports the Administration’s Fiscal Year 2018 budget proposal that calls for the removal of past appropriations language that restricts the BLM from using all management tools provided by the Act, as amended and acknowledges this critical step to attain “a thriving ecological balance” with healthy wildlife populations and public rangelands.
  • Will collaborate with Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies (AFWA) and others to inform key members of Congress about the unsustainability of the BLM’s current wild horse and burro management program.
  • Urges the BLM to develop an action plan, using all management tools available as authorized under the Act, to remove excess horses and burros (including animals that exist outside of established herd management areas), from public rangelands as soon as possible.
Adopted in Convention, Vail, Colorado, July 11, 2017

(Was anyone aware of this second meeting?)

Perhaps the most telling thing about the hatred and lies that come from this group to achieve the agenda of the livestock industry is the logo itself. The logo depicts a starving wild horse and a starving burro the very image they have been painting in the minds of Americans and more importantly in the minds of Congress.

Nat’l Horse & Burro Summit

“We thank you for your interest in achieving the Summit goal of healthy horses on healthy rangelands through implementation of the 1971 Wild Horse and Burro Act. For more information about how you can participate in this process and to view the National Wild Horse and Burro Summit presentations please go to the National Horse and Burro Rangeland Management Coalition web site at http://www.wildhorserange.org/  … The National Wild Horse and Burro Summit Steering Committee.”

Their mission is to remove so many horses & burros that the herds are ALL genetically non-viable, leading to genetic extinction. Their plans have been stopped because the BLM has already rounded up and removed so many of our wild horses & burros that the holding facilities are full, the leases and care is costing almost the entire budget for the program, so gathers have slowed and the horses & burros are not gone.

The recommendation from this group to remove restrictions, allow all the tools available in the Wild Free Roaming Horses and Burros Act of 1071, as amended, is their statement that means it would allow BLM to use funds in their budget to ‘humanely euthanize’ what the BLM deems to be excess animals that are perfectly healthy!

They plan to leave only 27,000 wild horses and burros on the ranges in the west. If we ever get to a number that low, genetically they will already be extinct.

Video of the Summit provided by a coalition formed to do nothing more than get rid of our wild horses and burros, wolves, mountain lions, bears and every other wild animals they can:  Summit videos


Mae’s BoG
Installment 1

14 September, as written by Val Cecama-Hogsett

Copyright notice ©CAES article and photos, article and photos may be reprinted in its  entirety, not separated.


 UPDATE – September 15, 2017 we made a call to the facility and got voicemail, we left a message letting them know we would be updating the post with their account of what is going on there. No return call was received. 


September 14, 2017 we visited Elm Creek Wild Horse and Burro Corrals. Our Boots on the Ground (BoG) team member found moldy hay and very thin horses in holding corrals with a whole lot of feces.

Photo courtesy Mae Martini, CAES BoG team member.

250 wild horses, some burros that were freeze-branded and some still wearing neck tags from recent adoption events were standing in these compacted feces covered corrals. There are shade structures up at this facility, which is not the case in many BLM facilities where wild horses and burros that have been gathered and removed, from their homes and families on the range, are warehoused at great taxpayer expense.  The BLM website states this facility is approximately 35 acres¹ .

Photo courtesy Mae Martini, CAES BoG team member.

As anyone who has cared for horses knows, feeding moldy hay can cause serious health issues. Inhaling the mold spores can cause respiratory issues, such as heaves. Ingesting moldy hay can cause digestive issues such as colic, or in severe cases, the horse can die from the toxins called mycotoxins. What we observed were round bales that are moldy, some being stored and some in hay feeders in the corrals as the photos below show you.

Photo courtesy Mae Martini, CAES BoG team member.


Photo courtesy Mae Martini, CAES BoG team member.

Also in this picture directly above you will notice some thin and sucked in horses. Another factor contributing to these underweight horses may be all of the feces in the corrals, and in some areas where hay has been spread on the ground for horses to eat. The number one way for a horse to get a heavy parasite load is from eating off the ground where there is a high incidence of fecal matter. A horse with parasites will often be underweight, and be severe when parasites are not treated. So why are these particular horses so thin? Is this the norm for BLM holding facilities?

Photo courtesy Mae Martini, CAES BoG team member.


A nursing foal with her mother are kept separate from the others. They may not all be from the same herd or family band. Horses in the wild would not separate from their families like this. Each member of the herd has a role to play in teaching and protecting the young in the band. If this mare was with a band and forced to separate at a holding facility it is very stressful.

Photo courtesy Mae Martini, CAES BoG team member.









These horses are eating hay off the ground and you can see the one all the way to the right in the photo is very thin.




We will continue our investigation into this facility, the conditions of the horses and the problems that must be addressed.  Updates will be posted on this article as we gather more information. This is not the first time statements have been made eluding to thin horses at this facility.

In 2015, posts advertising mustangs up for adoption from this facility mention they looked a little thin². In 2013 there was an influenza outbreak³.

Our wild horses and burros should not have to live this way. The solution is so simple it’s inexcusable that it has not been implemented. Our wild horses and burros NEVER need to be rounded up and removed from the range. They can be managed very successfully with a birth control vaccine, called PZP, that can be darted from helicopter, darted from the ground, can utilize the many advocate groups that have been offering for years. and would cost far less for the taxpayer. So why isn’t it being done?

Photo courtesy Mae Martini, CAES BoG team member.

That answer is also simple…the livestock industry and other special interest groups, most very large corporations, want to continue getting extremely cheap permits to use our public lands. If they manage wild horses and burros ON the range, they cannot use as much of the land. They want them gone.

More of Mae’s photos from the Elm Creek holding corrals on September 14, 2017.

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Currently there are herds that are so small that they are no longer genetically viable. This means they will be, or already are inbreeding, this will cause anomalies that are irreversible. When this happens our wild horses will end up being extinct due to mismanagement.

Please speak up, call your federal representative and senators. Tell them we will not allow our wild horses and burros to face mass euthanasia in holding pens (the current plan in the 2018 budget proposal) and we will not allow genetic extinction.

It’s time BLM listened to the science, and the will of the American people who treasure these iconic, majestic creatures who are such an important part of our heritage.

It’s time to protect the original intent of the 1971 Wild Free Roaming Horses & Burros Act.

 UPDATE – September 15, 2017 we made a call to the facility and got voicemail, we left a message letting them know we would be updating the post with their account of what is going on there. No return call was received.

Copyright notice ©CAES article and photos, article and photos may be reprinted in its  entirety, not separated.


Mae’s BoG Installment 2
Mae’s BoG Installment 3 coming soon

1. https://www.blm.gov/programs/wild-horse-and-burro/adoptions-and-sales/adoption-centers/elm-creek-wild-horse-and-burro-corrals

2.  http://www.horsenation.com/2015/04/28/wowza-10-colorful-mustangs-in-the-blm-internet-adoption/

3. http://callieberman.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/Boomerang-EWB-Article.pdf



The Adobe Town gather has been delayed, and now won’t begin until at least September 22nd. This gather will start in the checkerboard, and is expected to last about a month.

The Red Desert gather (north of the interstate) has been canceled entirely for now. Sounds like they didn’t get approval for the gather based on the priority list.
CAES will be working on this issue and will update you further as we can.

SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY: Scientists find ancient horse fossils

San Bernardino County Museum scientists excavating an Ice Age mammoth skeleton from the Tule Springs area north of Las Vegas have found a skull and lower jaw of an ancient horse never before reported at the site or in Nevada.

Horses are not uncommon in the Tule Springs fossil record, but not Equus scotti, a large horse common in much of western North America during the Pleistocene Epoch, or Ice Age.

Las Vegas-area volunteers were instrumental in the discovery.

“Our research funding from the Bureau of Land Management includes a strong public outreach component,” said Kathleen Springer, the museum’s senior curator of geological sciences and lead scientist for the research program in the upper Las Vegas Wash. “Because of this, we set up Nevada’s first paleontology-based site stewardship program, getting local citizens involved in our research. And now it’s paid off — in a big way.”

Springer discovered the fossil site in 2003, during survey conducted by museum scientists and funded by the Las Vegas district office of the Bureau of Land Management. The original find — a tusk and tooth of a mammoth just peeking out at the surface — suggested that multiple parts of the skeleton might be present.

In 2012, Springer’s mammoth site was selected for excavation as part of the BLM’s celebration of 50 years of science at Tule Springs. The presence of multiple bones made it ideal for excavation by site stewards working with museum paleontologists.

Brushing through desert sediments at the surface quickly revealed fragments of horse teeth mixed in with the mammoth fossils. Careful digging teased out more horse teeth, then both sides of the lower jaw, and finally, the skull.

The new finds preserve anatomical features never before seen in any horses from Tule Springs, making firm identifications possible for the first time. The site is nearly 12,000 years old, making the fossils among the youngest records of Equus scotti anywhere in North America.

The discovery is forcing scientists to revise their understanding of horse evolution and extinction at the end of the Ice Ages.

Horse fossils are fairly abundant from Tule Springs and the upper Las Vegas Wash, said Eric Scott, the museum’s curator of paleontology. His studies have revealed that three species of horse lived in the area during the Pleistocene Epoch.

But none of the earlier remains discovered there were sufficiently complete to make firm species identifications possible.

“There have been some species names suggested here and there, but nothing really concrete,” Scott said. “It’s a long-running joke with our team in Vegas that every time a new site is excavated, I plead for them to find a horse I can name.”

With identifiable horse fossils so scarce, paleontologists have had to make inferences about what horse species were present around Tule Springs. Other scientists proposed that the large horse found at the Rancho La Brea tar pits in Southern California also lived throughout the Mojave Desert and the Southwest.

“We now think that’s erroneous,” Scott said. “Our new horse from Vegas has a different anatomy from the big La Brea horse. It looks more like large Ice Age horses from northern Nevada that were living at about the same time.”

The new discovery shows that Equus scotti survived in southern Nevada until the end of the Pleistocene, which was not previously known. In Southern California, the species was replaced in the later Ice Ages by an anatomically distinct form.

“That’s likely either a pulse of evolution — a speciation event — or else the immigration of a different species northwards into California from Mexico,” Scott said. “Either way, we can now clarify the timing and geographic extent of this episode, and the relationships of these two species, in a very exciting way. And it means we had as many as four horse species living in the American southwest at the end of the Ice Ages. Compared to horses today, that’s quite a lot of species.”

Springer said the find emphasizes that “even after decades of work there’s still a lot for us to learn about the Ice Ages at Tule Springs.”

The fossils are under study at the San Bernardino County Museum.