BLM Math is Status Quo in Idaho

Idaho Rangeland Commission…Another Commercial Livestock Industry Group Formed to Create an Illusion of Lands in the West Being Taken Care of by Welfare Ranchers All While Overgrazing the Land, Destroying and Fouling Scarce Water Sources, and Killing Our Wildlife.

©CAES 2018
Val Cecama-Hogsett

It seems every day I see a new group that has been created by the commercial livestock industry. These groups give themselves names that might seem to support healthy lands, healthy wildlife management, including our wild horses, and they often are a multitude of organizations that are backing the efforts of the industry.

Commercial livestock is by far the largest use of our public lands, and it is also what has damaged the most acres of those lands. This is often covered up in the media, and to the average American who doesn’t delve deep into fact-finding missions of western lands issues. The truth is, the commercial livestock industry is leading the charge to eradicate American wild horses, wolves, bears, coyotes, mountain lions, several species of raptors, and also working very hard to keep critical species like the greater sage grouse, off the endangered species list.

This big lie in the statistics Western Watersheds Project pointed out to us are these numbers listed on the Idaho Rangeland Commission website. The number of livestock appears to represent a small portion of total livestock (perhaps only Idaho) while the number of wild horses listed is not verified as a valid number of wild horses on all American lands or in the state of Idaho. Wild horse advocate Cheryl Bowe pointed out the actual numbers of wild horses in the state is a mere 470 which is well below the numbers of wild horses (617) that CAN be in Idaho per the managing agency target number (AML set by BLM).

“The Idaho Rangeland Resources Commission, an organization established to promote the livestock industry, has reports the following statistics for Idaho, of which they should be quite embarrassed:

How many species call the range home?

1,194,000 cattle
270,000 sheep
334,000 deer
21,000 pronghorn
115,000 elk
3,000 goats
55,000 horses
4,000 bighorn sheep
3,000 mountain goats
4,000 moose

So, if you value and enjoy wildlife for any of a number of reasons, and wonder why there aren’t more, now you know.” – Western Watersheds Project

“BLM Idaho manages six wild horse herd management areas on approximately 418 thousand acres. ……
The combined appropriate management level for all HMAs in the state is 617 animals……

By BLM count, there are 479 wild horses total living on Herd Management Areas in Idaho…..

FOUR MILE HMA…Population 111……
BLACK MOUNTAIN HMA……Population 40……
CHALLIS HMA……Population 225. ….
HARDTRIGGER HMA…..Population 5…….
SANDS BASIN HMA…..Population 33…….
SAYLOR CREEK HMA……Population 65.” – Wild Horse Advocate Cheryl Bowe

BLM Idaho HMA Information

The thing we noticed that does fall in line with the truth of the matter is that par for the course in keeping up with normal status quo, Idaho has one wild horse per 873 acres on preserves that were created by a mandate in the 1971 Wild Free-Roaming Horses & Burros Act (WFRHBA). These lands were to be mapped out where the horses still survived in 1971 and the preserves created by these maps were to be managed principally for wild horses &/or burros. BLM has allowed the commercial livestock industry to twist other laws like the Federal Land Policy Management Act (FLPMA) to force management of these areas for multiple uses. What is ignored in the FLPMA is the statement that also says the multiple use mandate does not override any previously passed federal land use policy (courts ruled that the WFRHBA is a federal land use policy).

Citizens Against Equine Slaughter worked hard to provide research and case law to lawyers with the Animal Legal Defense Fund (ALDF) for more than a year to build a case around this and other major flaws in the past 47 years. After over a year of working with ALDF they sent us a letter saying they had developed a conflict of interest on their end and could no longer represent us. With continued blows like this, it is increasingly difficult to defend the laws that do exist to protect our wild horses, and it is disturbing when other wild horse organizations are likely the ones behind the conflict of interest in efforts to stop CAES. Why? Because they make a living on the backs of our wild ones, just like BLM, and in collusion with the commercial livestock industry. The big question is how many good organizations are going to be taken down by fake advocates, which in turn enables lies and fake organizations of the livestock industry.

What do we do? What can you do as an advocate?

WE, push on, we don’t give up, and we never take a dime in salary. YOU can do your research, read everything, not just a title or summary of something, but the entire story. Read between the lines, look at the motivation of an author or their background and ties to other people or groups. OR follow groups that are investigative and do not simply send you we did this, we did that, so send us money newsletters. We all need to fight smart, unity is sometimes is sheep being herded into a trap…

1+1=3 as mathematical calculations on green blackboard

Adults are failing the math scores and in attempts to save wild horses and other critical species to keep healthy ecosystems. The WFRHBA was passed largely by a letter-writing campaign of the nation’s third-grade students. So maybe it’s time we let third-graders run the show.

CAES Auction – June 2018

Bidding is now open for 2 items. This auction will run from Today, June 18 until, June 24 at 6 p.m. EST (That’s 8 p.m. CMT, or 9 p.m. PST). So set your reminders for the ending time and make sure you don’t get outbid!

To bid go to the comments section on this page and type either quilt or wood and the amount you wish to bid. Please make all bids in increments of $1.00. The Bidding starts are in the comments to get you going!

1. Item one is a gorgeous Laurel Burch Quilted Wall Hanging.

We have a beautiful quilted wall hanging. The Material is from Laurel Burch, a  top designer in the fabrics world. And the quilter is a dear friend, Karen Gibbs, who is just amazingly talented as you can see by the stitches on the back of the quilt that repeat the outlines of the horse, it’s mane and all. Just gorgeous. Don’t miss your chance to bid on this!

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2. Item 2 is a spectacular wood burning by artist and wild horse advocate Julie Sausman.

We have a gorgeous wood piece by the talented artist, Julie Sausman. This colt on wood is from a photo of a wild one taken by a very accomplished photographer, Gary Odell. The wood burning is done on a piece of sycamore that Julie harvested from a tree they had to cut down on her own land. So it’s an environmentally friendly piece (no trees were needlessly taken to create this work of art). Get your bids in on this once in a lifetime piece, that is sure to brighten your home.

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Payments must be made within 7 days of the auction or the item will go to the next highest bidder.

Every dime collected from auction proceeds goes to the ongoing work of Citizens Against Equine Slaughter to continue fighting in courts, and on the ground.

Currently, we are helping pay for 2 court cases, with 3 more we expect this year. We also are involved in 2 water projects and probably starting a third this month.

We are also working at the legislative level to put a permanent end to the slaughter of all American horses, domestic and wild.

If you do not want to bid on an item but just want to contribute you can use the donate button on the righthand side of this page. Or, you can donate through our Facebook page, or send a check to us at:

CAES
PO Box 115
Drain, OR 97435

For any questions or more information, or if you would like to become a volunteer please contact Val @ 541.315.6650.

 

UPDATE ON FY 2019 BUDGET RE: WILD HORSE PROTECTIONS

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After a quick reading, it appears as if protections for wild horses and burros have been maintained in the US Senate Appropriations Committee bill for Fiscal Year 2019.  The language in the Senate version shows no change from the language contained in the Omnibus passed for 2018.

While this is encouraging, the 2 versions of the bill now go to the House and Senate Floor where amendments can still be introduced and voted on.

The House and Senate will still need to work out the differences between their two bills, so we can’t let up on the pressure. Keep calling and writing your representatives and ask them to keep the House language out of the spending package. No sterilization, sale for slaughter, mass euthanasia, etc.

To read the FY 2019 Dept. of the Interior Senate Bill click the link below.

Wild horse language can be found on page 59:

https://www.appropriations.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/FY2019%20Interior%20Environment%20Appropriations%20Act,%20S.3073.pdf

TAKE ACTION – SENATE VOTES, JUNE 16, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR BILL.

Budget3
©CAES 2018 – Updated June 12, 2018 @1:40 p.m.

Today the Senate Subcommittee on Appropriations voted to pass the Dept of Interior bill forward to the full committee. This means that the will be a full Senate appropriations committee markup of the Senate version of the bill.

On Thursday, the Senate Interior Appropriations Committee will vote on the Fiscal Year 2019 Interior spending bill. (link for the hearing is below)

TAKE ACTION TODAY BY :

1. CONTACT YOUR SENATORS (to contact you senators CLICK HERE and use the drop-down list to get your state’s Senators and their contact info.)
2. CONTACT COMMITTEE MEMBERS (list with contact information is below)

This is all you need to say:
Please, ask Senator _______not to support any language in the Interior Appropriations Bill that allows unrestricted sales or the euthanasia, slaughter or sterilization of wild horses and/or burros. It is more fiscally responsible and at the minimum feasible management level, mandated by the 1971 Law, to manage them on the range with safe birth-control vaccines. I also want the BLM to do an actual inventory (not estimated census) of all herds before any roundups or removals are done. Please ask the Senator not to vote on this dangerous language that is irreversible and dangerous for our herds.

Here are the Committee members meeting today:

Lisa Murkowski
Phone: (202)-224-6665
Fax: (202)-224-5301
Email use zip code 99501

Tom Udall
(202) 224-6621
Email  use zip code 87102

Lamar Alexander
Phone: (202) 224-4944
Fax: (202) 228-3398
Email use zip code 37402

Roy Blunt
(202) 224-5721
Email use zip code 65804

Mitch McConnell
Phone: (202) 224-2541
Fax: (202) 224-2499
Email use zip code 40202

Steve Daines
p: (202) 224-2651
Email use zip code 59101

Shelley Moore Capito
Phone: 202-224-6472
Email use zip code 25801

Marco Rubio
(202) 224-3041
Email use zip code 32801

Cindy Hyde-Smith
202-224-5054
202-224-5321 – fax
Email use zip code 39201

Dianne Feinstein
Phone: (202) 224-3841
Fax: (202) 228-3954
Email use zip code 94104

Patrick Leahy
(202) 224-4242
Email use zip code 05401

Jack Reed
T: (202) 224-4642
F: (202) 224-4680
Email use zip code 02903

John Tester
Phone: (202) 224-2644
Fax: (202) 224-8594
Email use zip code 59101

Jeff Merkley
Phone: (202) 224-3753
Fax: (202) 228-3997
Email use zip code 97301

Chris Van Hollen
Phone: (202) 224-4654
Fax: (202) 228-0629
Email use zip code 21218

Richard Shelby
p: (202) 224-5744
Patty Murray
Phone: (202) 224-2621
Fax: (202) 224-0238
Susan Collins
(202)224-2523
Lindsey Graham
Office: (202) 224-5972
Fax: (202) 224-3808
Jerry Moran
Phone: (202) 224-6521
Fax: (202) 228-6966
John Hoeven
P: 202-224-2551
John Boozman
Phone: (202) 224-4843
James Lankford
(202) 224-5754
John Kennedy
 P: (202) 224-4623
Richard Durbin
p: 202.224.2152
f: 202.228.0400
Jeanne Shaheen
Ph: (202) 224-2841
Christopher Coons
Phone:(202) 224-5042
Brian Schatz
PHONE: (202) 224-3934
FAX: (202) 228-1153
Tammy Baldwin
Phone: (202) 224-5653
Chris Murphy
P: (202) 224-4041
F: (202) 224-9750
Joe Manchin
P: 202-224-3954
F: 202-228-0002

Here is the link to watch the hearing:

Thursday’s 10:30 a.m. EST,  Full Senate Committee Hearing – FY 2019 Dept. of the Interior Appropriations

 

DANGER CAUSED By PERMITTEE FENCING Not Over YET!

AZ Chapter

Steve Johnson
Information Assistant
Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest Service

Steve Best
Forest Supervisor
Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest Service

Richard Madril
District Ranger
Black Mesa District
Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest Service

Kendell Hughes
Range Manager
Black Mesa District
Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest Service

Re: Request for “Permanent Permit to provide water for animals” – Inappropriate permittee fencing, during drought and forest closure, causing trapped horses and, creating a lack of water, and a fire hazard to the horses.

8 June 2018

Dear Sirs:
We are writing in regard to the issue of inappropriate permittee fencing, during drought and forest closure, causing trapped horses and, creating a lack of water, and a fire hazard to the horses.

Thank you for working with us and providing the permits you have communicated are necessary in order for us to provide a service (water tanks and water) to the Forest Service for these and other animals until the fencing issues are rectified and or the cattle grazing permittee are back and providing water as needed to the animals trapped by their permittee fencing apparently approved by the USDA FS. We have also communicated to multiple appropriate USDA FS personnel that all of the fences should have gates and that all gates should be opened and in fact that all gates on the HWHT should be locked open. We have documented that all fences do not have a gate, some only have a cattle guard and that the existing gates are not opened.

With this letter, we are also requesting that the permits we have obtained be issued as permanent until such time that the fencing issue which we alone have observed and worked to resolve, is resolved.

After finding the first band of horses trapped within fences, where no gates exist we alerted you to the situation and obtained permission to take tanks and water to them. After the forest closure, we followed all proper channels and obtained permits to continue this. As of Monday, June 11, 2018, we will have been providing water on the HWHT for 5 weeks. We have 15 tanks in place and are delivering up to 2,100 gallons of water per day.

While It has come to our attention that other groups are meeting with the FS personnel. Including one wild horse protection organization stating to one of our members that they are now spearheading the Heber Water Project. We have grave concerns with this on a number of levels.

Our people are all local and Robin Crawford has been our coordinator on the ground. Our people know the forest and the herds. This is essential for doing the job we are. Having Barbara Rasmussen, who does not drive, per my phone conversation with her, does not have funding in place, and does not know the forest or the herds is problematic at best.

We have documented for 5 weeks the collaboration between Ms. Rasmussen and the Forest Service. Those efforts were not successful and neither, followed up to ensure the horses in her “designated area of permit” were receiving water. No tanks were ever placed in this designated area either by her or by Rodney Porter. The day we verified that she never actually received the permit thanks to Mr. Steve Johnson, we obtained a temporary permit and got 2 tanks and water to horses in that area.

SECONDARY ISSUE
There may be a developing issue that would again ADD to the risk the animals/horses are already facing. We are being told that another organization and one of their previous associates, is looking to take over our work with you to keep these animals safe.

We feel it may be appropriate to notify you of previous issues that a certain governmental agency felt were animal welfare issues, apparently caused this group, which we understand is claiming ‘her lawyer’ is in control of the water efforts happening now, but that you may not be aware of severe issues with this group which we understand resulted in over 900 starved, injured horses that had to be removed
through legal channels in coordination with other rescue organizations and advocacy groups including ours, and at great expense. This is not a personal issue but we believe this is a matter of fact.

Pictures from the employee that were submitted to the courts are below.

Screenshot 2018-06-08 08.52.42 57ef223423c98-image

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Screenshot 2018-06-08 08.57.25

Photo Source

If the USDA FS is involving either of these organizations or people involved with them, this would be of grave concern for the horses/animals we believe and to us. We do not think that passing any responsibility for the Heber Wild Horses on to people who we understand have shown not to be reliable regarding animal welfare in recent events should be considered.

If we are misunderstanding this issue regarding this “Protection” group, please let us know.

We also believe that our actions have proven to the USDA FS that we are capable and are successfully raising and addressing the issues of water and fencing, as well as working together with the USDA FS.

If any further action, other than our permit to take water during these ongoing drought and Forest closure should be taken we expect the next step to be taken would be opening fences and gates due to trapped horses and hazards of fire.

We appreciate the collaboration of the FS working with Citizens Against Equine Slaughter and our local chapter, the Heber Wild Horses Freedom Preservation Alliance. We look forward to a continued working relationship on this and other projects in the near future.

Sincerely,
Theresa J Barbour
Research & Legal Consultant
Citizens Against Equine Slaughter
PO Box 115
Drain, Oregon 97435
541.315.6650

 

PZP Answers on Efficacy

PZP success. An excerpt from : Frontiers In Bioscience

The efficacy rate that would depend on what type of PZP they use. If you mean the total population for herd production that would depend on how many mares are darted and then applying the efficacy rate. We endorse PZP native, and PZP 22 only. We don’t like Spayvac or Gonacon.

“5. CONTRACEPTIVE VACCINES BASED ON ZONA PELLUCIDA GLYCOPROTEINS

In mammals, egg is surrounded by an extracellular translucent glycoproteinaceous matrix known as zona pellucida (ZP). It acts as a relatively species-specific ‘docking site’ for binding of the spermatozoa to the oocyte, induces acrosomal exocytosis in zona-bound spermatozoa, prevents polyspermy, and plays an important role in the protection of a pre-implanted blastocyst. Due to their critical role in reproduction, ZP glycoproteins have been used as candidate antigens for contraception via immunological intervention. Zona matrix is composed of either 3 or 4 glycoproteins. In mice, it is composed of 3 glycoproteins namely ZP glycoprotein -1 (ZP1), -2 (ZP2), and -3 (ZP3), whereas pig and canine ZP matrix is also composed of 3 glycoproteins but instead of ZP1, ZP glycoprotein-4 (ZP4) is present. In non-human primates and humans, ZP matrix is composed of 4 glycoproteins that are ZP1, ZP2, ZP3, and ZP4. Structure and functions of all the four ZP glycoproteins during fertilization from various species has been investigated by various groups, which has been reviewed elsewhere (60). Characterization and sequencing of ZP glycoproteins from various species revealed that their basic structure is evolutionary conserved but have variable degree of amino acid sequence identity. For example porcine ZP3 has 66% identity at amino acid level with mouse ZP3 and 75% with canine ZP3. The extent of amino acid sequence identity of various porcine ZP glycoproteins with their respective homologues from other species is listed in Table 2. This property of ZP proteins has made heterologous immunization as a feasible proposition. It is further strengthened by the observations that polyclonal antibodies generated against porcine heat solubilised isolated zona pellucida (SIZP) cross-react immunologically with ZP of human, squirrel monkey, rabbit, rat, and mouse (61). Due to easy accessibility of porcine ovaries from abattoirs, contraceptive vaccine based on porcine ZP preparations became the antigen of choice.

5.1. Native porcine zona pellucida (PZP)-based contraceptive vaccine

Contraceptive potential of either native porcine SIZP (PZP) or its purified component (ZP3) has been demonstrated in female rabbits (62), bitches (63), non-human primates (64, 65), domestic and captive wild horses (66), captive white-tailed deer (67) and a variety of zoo animals (68). The field trial of native PZP-based contraceptive vaccine for the management of wild horses population on Assateague Island National Seashore, a barrier island off the coast of Maryland, USA demonstrated its contraceptive efficacy (69). The vaccine was delivered remotely using dart gun. Inhibition of fertility in wild horses could be maintained by giving annual booster of PZP vaccine. It was shown that third consecutive annual booster of porcine ZP led to 79% efficacy in preventing pregnancies in mares (70). Smithsonian Institute’s Conservation and Research Center at Front Royal, VA, USA initiated the first field trials of PZP-based contraceptive vaccine in white-tailed deer inhabitating Fire Island National Seashore, NY, USA (71). Deer were captured, tagged, given primary injection of PZP vaccine, and then released. Subsequent booster injections were given remotely by using dart gun. Between 1993 and 1999, twinning rates among individually known vaccine treated adult female deer decreased by 78.9.% from pre-treatment rates (72). The contraceptive efficacy of PZP vaccine was also demonstrated in free-ranging African elephants (Loxodonta africana) in the Kruger Park, South Africa (73). Thus PZP-based contraceptive vaccine has been successfully used for the management of the population of wild horses (34, 66, 69, 70, 74, 75, 76), urban deer (71, 72, 77, 78), wapti (79), and African elephants (73, 80). Keeping in view the above, currently three commercial vaccines based on PZP are available as listed in Table 3.

5.2. Safety of PZP-based contraceptive vaccine

Ovarian specific expression of zona proteins and lack of cross-reactivity of antibodies generated against zona proteins with other tissues and protein hormones (81, 82) is of an advantage of PZP-based vaccines as compared to GnRH-based contraceptive vaccine. Zona pellucida-based contraceptive vaccine primarily works by either inhibiting fertilization and/or folliculogenesis (Figure 1). Potential changes in ovarian pathology represented by follicular atresia along with sometime depletion of primordial follicles pool in rabbits (62), dogs (63), sheep (83) immunized with porcine zona proteins was one of the main concern for the application of PZP-based contraceptive vaccine for wildlife population management. However, no changes in ovarian histology were found in PZP-based contraceptive vaccine immunized horses and deer (66, 71). Inhibition of fertility was reversible in the captive deer immunized with PZP-vaccine after one to four years of immunization (67). In another study, no changes in ovarian histology of PZP immunized deer were reported. However, breeding season was extended by 1-2 months (71). PZP-vaccinated deer were more active and gained significantly more weight by summer following immunization than untreated deer, presumably because of avoidance of lactation, but by the following fall, all weight differences disappeared (84). Ovarian eosinophilic oophoritis was reported in PZP immunized deer, which; however, was not statistically different as compared to unimmunized group (85). Injection site abscesses were reported only in 0.5.% of PZP immunized deer, but all of them revealed the formation of granuloma at the injection site without any complication (72, 85). In elephants immunized with PZP-based contraceptive vaccine, examination of the ovaries and uteri by ultrasound revealed no adverse changes (73, 80). However, there may be species-specific differences in the ovarian histopathology subsequent to PZP-based contraceptive vaccine immunization, which should be investigated in detail in the respective target species.

Long-term treatment of wild horses with PZP-based contraceptive vaccine did not lead to any permanent or significant changes in ovarian endocrine parameters and oestrous cyclicity as monitored by urinary steroid metabolites (70). It had no adverse outcome when used in pregnant mares. The contraceptive effect was reversible (86). Increased body conditions and longevity were observed in PZP-immunized horses (87). There was no significant change in the social organization or behaviour of PZP-immunized wild horses (88). However, there is some concern over injection site reactions (55). It is likely that the remote delivery of PZP-based contraceptive vaccine by dart may result in surface bacteria and debris being pushed into the injection site resulting in injection site reactions (55).

Few significant changes in blood chemistry such as levels of urea and creatine were observed in PZP immunized deer but none of these were associated with any physiological abnormalities (85, 89). PZP immunized Dall sheep (Ovis dalli) and domestic goats (Capra hircus) also did not reveal any significant changes in blood chemistry (90).

5.3. Recombinant zona proteins as candidates for contraceptive vaccine

Due to limited availability of native porcine zona proteins from pig oocytes and to circumvent the apprehension of their probable contamination by other ovarian-associated proteins, recombinant zona proteins have also been used as candidate immunogens. Immunization of female baboons (Papio anubis) with E. coli-expressed recombinant bonnet monkey (Macaca radiata) ZP4 (previously designated as ZPB) coupled with diphtheria toxoid (DT) led to reversible block of fertility (91). However, immunization of female bonnet monkeys with the above immunogen led to inhibition of fertility which was not reversible. Histology of the ovaries from immunized monkeys revealed follicular atresia (92). Active immunization of female marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) with mammalian-expressed recombinant human ZP3 also led to inhibition of fertility associated with ovarian pathology characterized by depletion of primordial follicle pool (93). Immunization of cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascularis) and baboons (Papio cynocephalus) with mammalian expressed recombinant human ZP2, ZP3 and ZP4 respectively showed higher contraceptive efficacy in animals immunized with ZP4 (94). These studies in non-human primates showed the potential of recombinant zona proteins as candidate immunogens for the development of contraceptive vaccine.

In order to control the population of street dogs and thereby reduce the burden of rabies infection, it was demonstrated that non-descript female dogs immunized with E. coli-expressed recombinant dog ZP3 conjugated to DT failed to conceive (95). Ovarian histology of the immunized dogs revealed degenerative changes in the ZP matrix and follicular atresia. Subsequently, to avoid chemical conjugation of recombinant dog ZP3 with DT and to obtain recombinant protein without His6-tag, it has been expressed in E. coli as a fusion protein with promiscuous T cell epitope of tetanus toxoid (TT, amino acid residues 830-844) with dilysine linker (TT-KK-ZP3) (96). Immunization of female mice with recombinant TT-KK-ZP3 led to significant reduction in fertility, which was associated with antibody titres (96). In Australia and New Zealand, the potential of recombinant brushtail possum (Trichosurus vulpecula) ZP3 protein to control the fertility of Koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus) and Eastern Grey Kangaroos (Marcopus giganteus) has also been explored (97, 98).

In light of limited availability of native PZP-based contraceptive vaccine, recombinant porcine ZP3 and ZP4 have also been expressed in E. coli and their contraceptive efficacy was evaluated (99). Immunization of female mice with recombinant porcine ZP3 and ZP4 led to significant inhibition of fertility and decrease in litter size as compared to the adjuvanted control (99). Interestingly, E. coli-expressed recombinant porcine ZP3 and ZP4 boosted the antibody response in female mice primed with porcine native SIZP, suggesting that recombinant proteins can be used as booster doses thereby enabling wider coverage of immunization program in light of limited supply of native PZP-based contraceptive vaccine (99). Contraceptive efficacy of recombinant porcine ZP3 and ZP4 vis-à-vis PZP vaccine has also been evaluated in pony mares. Extended anoestrous was observed in 86% of the PZP immunized mares as compared to 14% in recombinant porcine ZP3/ZP4 immunized group, which correlated with basal serum oestradiol and progesterone levels (100). All mares resumed cyclicity by 10 months post-treatment. None of the PZP-immunized mare conceived whereas all the unimmunized mares became pregnant. Out of 7 pony mares immunized with recombinant porcine ZP3/ZP4, 3 failed to conceive. These experiments suggest the potential of recombinant proteins for controlling fertility in mares, which; however, need further investigations (100).”

BREAKING NEWS – FULL HOUSE APPROPRIATIONS COMMITTEE PASSES DANGEROUS AMENDMENT FOR WILD HORSES

TAKE ACTION TODAY

Send a free fax to your Senators
https://faxzero.com/fax_senate.php

©CAES 2018 Val Cecama-Hogsett

Representative Chris Stewart introduced an amendment today that is intended to push the agenda of the Bureau of Land Management to control wild horses population by sterilizing wild mares.

Screenshot 2018-06-06 10.44.26

Non-reproducing herds are illegal according to the 1971 Wild Free-Roaming Horses and Burros Act. The herds were to be managed for the survival of each herd, so non-reproducing herds are definitely not going to fill that requirement.

The 71 law also states that management must be performed in the most minimal feasible manner. An experimental, barbaric surgical procedure is not meeting that legal requirement. Mares will die, and foals will be aborted.

The National Academy of Science, while it supported castration of stallions, recommended that mare sterilization not be used. They also stated that the methods used to guess the population of wild horses were inadequate, so this lie about over-population still has not been proven.

Screenshot 2018-06-06 10.44.58

Wild horses Starving on the range was mentioned by all 3 representatives that spoke in favor of the amendment. (Stewart, Amodei, and McCollum). We know that the vast majority of the herds are not starving or dying from drought. As we have demonstrated recently, through our partnership with the Forest Service, advocate groups are poised and ready to step in and help provide supplemental forage or water when and if needed. This, however, should not be our job when these federal agencies are the ones that are tasked with the protection of our wild horses.

It is more fiscally responsible and feasible to provide supplemental feed and/or construct permanent water projects for the wild horses when climate demands it. The cost of gathering, sterilizing, holding and ongoing veterinary care post-surgery would far exceed supplemental programs. PZP vaccines should be the only method of fertility control used, and that should be done only when an actual inventory has been taken.

Screenshot 2018-06-06 10.45.23

WE MUST TAKE ACTION NOW BY CALLING OUR SENATORS AND TELLING THEM TO OPPOSE THIS LANGUAGE.

THE ONLY PROTECTIVE LANGUAGE IS THAT WHICH MANAGED WILD HORSES ON THE RANGE AND NEVER EXCEEDS THE MANAGEMENT LEVEL OF A SAFE BIRTH CONTROL VACCINE.

USE THIS LINK TO SEND A MESSAGE TO YOUR SENATOR & THEN PLEASE CONTACT ALL THE SENATE APPROPRIATIONS COMMITTEE MEMBERS AND URGE THEM TO VOTE AGAINST THIS LANGUAGE THAT ALLOWS STERILIZATION OF MARES AND EUTHANASIA OF HORSES OVER 10 YEARS OLD.

Find and Contact My Senators

Contact Senate Appropriations Sub-Committee members by clicking on their names here:

REPUBLICAN MEMBERS

Mitch McConnell
(Kentucky)

Steve Daines
(Montana)

Marco Rubio
(Florida)

Cindy Hyde-Smith
(Mississippi)

DEMOCRATIC MEMBERS

Patrick Leahy
(Vermont)

Jack Reed
(Rhode Island)

Jon Tester
(Montana)

Chris Van Hollen
(Maryland)

READ THE REPORT SUBMITTED TO THE FULL HOUSE APPROPRIATIONS COMMITTEE:

“Wild Horse and Burro Management.—The Committee recommends $75,000,000 to implement Public Law 92–195 (16 U.S.C. 1331 et seq.) requiring the protection, management, and control of free-roaming horses and burros on public lands, equal to the fiscal year 2018 enacted level and $8,281,000 above the budget request.

The Committee notes that its recommendation may change based upon the receipt of additional information prior to enactment of the fiscal year 2019 Interior Appropriations Act.

The Committee appreciates the April 26, 2018, report to Congress titled ‘‘Management Options for a Sustainable Wild Horse and Burro Program’’ and recognizes the challenges Congress, the Bureau, and interested stakeholders face in setting this program on a better course to reduce costs, improve the condition of the range, and ensure a healthy wild horse and burro population.

The Committee strongly encourages all parties to work together to address
these challenges.

The Committee requests that the Bureau conduct an analysis that identifies factors for success, total funding requirements, and expected results on potential options that (1) remove animals from the range; (2) increase the use of sterilization; (3) increase the use
of short-term fertility control; (4) provide an adoption incentive of $1,000 per animal; and either (a) allow animals older than 10 years of age to be humanely euthanized; or (b) prohibit the use of euthanasia on healthy wild horses and burros.

The Committee also requests an analysis on (1) options to enter into long-term contractual or partnership agreements with private, non-profit entities to reduce the cost of holding wild horses and burros for their natural lives and (2) the feasibility of assigning full responsibility for care for wild horses and burros removed from the
range to these types of entities.

The Committee further directs the Bureau to immediately begin designing the regulatory framework and technical protocols for an active sterilization program. The Bureau should ensure it considers the health and welfare of individual wild horses and burros and their populations and evaluates the costs of such a program. It also should draw upon the expertise of Federal, State, and private equine veterinarians, veterinary medical schools, and those with related training and experience.

The bill maintains existing protections regarding the sale and use of euthanasia for wild horses and burros and continues two general provisions within Title I allowing the Bureau to enter into long-term contracts and agreements for holding facilities off the
range and for the humane transfer of excess animals for work purposes.”

The Nation is the Village it Takes to Help Wildlife During Severe Western Droughts

The Apache-Sitgreaves Forest Service Along With Wild Horse Organizations are Working Together to Provide Water During Drought.

©CAES 2018 Val Cecama-Hogsett
grasses

While this may look like it’s too dry for forage, it actually isn’t. You can see all the dried grasses. Wild horses eat these dried grasses which provide the same nutrition as if they were still green. So with the water that we are providing, they are fat, healthy, happy horses. 

During the forest closure, our water haulers will have to be our eyes. They have limited access and can only travel on specific Forest Service roads during specific hours of the day. But they can get lucky and see some of the wild ones as they drive to the tanks or even while filling.

Water hauler Irene snapped this picture of a healthy looking band.

We need ongoing financial support for this and other water projects, not only for wild horses but all the other wildlife using our tanks. For those who have or are now concerned we have screens set in the water tanks in case a small animal should fall in, this provides a ramp for them to get out.

Here are some photos of the volunteers hauling water and filling tanks,  from our AZ Branch, the Heber Wild Horses Freedom Preservation Alliance, and some photos of the wild horses, other wildlife and even a domestic visitor to the tanks, and some tracks including a bear. This has all been made possible by these wonderful volunteers and the public support that is helping us keep these folks in gas money, and to pay for tanks as we need to add one in another location. So far we have had people donate the use of their wells for water, and we will keep going until the rains come.

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