Sea Lions, the Wild Horses of the Oceans


©CAES2018 Val Cecama-Hogsett

When speaking with someone about a recent news story in Oregon concerning the management of sea lions and salmon, I began to make a correlation to this problem and the wild horses and their predators that we fight to protect.

A recent story about the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife getting the green light to kill sea lions for eating salmon brought outrage to many of our followers on social media, and several in Oregon who were torn about the need to protect the salmon, versus killing a few seal lions which a taking over an area where they were not normally residents.


The sea lions discovered that manmade fish ladders are a great place to sit at the bottom of and feed. The ladders were built to deal with the problem dams created for salmon returning to spawning grounds. The fish could not climb the dam walls, so ladders were created to allow passage to the fish. Thus creating a smorgasbord for the sea lions.


In trying to explain the cycle I try to educate people about, which is man interferes, and creates an unexpected consequence, therefore must interfere again, and round and round we go.


When I compare this issue to the issues we deal with in the management of wild horses it is the same manmade problem, with scapegoating animals natural behaviors or responses to manmade issues, and always in favor of making someone a profit.

In this issue with salmon and sea lions, it is the fisherman who complains about the fish population decline, thus decrease in his profit. In the issue of wild horses, it is the rancher who complains, there is less forage so he can put fewer cows or sheep on the land, thus decrease in his profit.


Wild horses also get blamed for fish population declines. The claim is that they ruin stream banks, allowing erosion and widening of streams and rivers, which makes more shallow water and thus warmer water…etc etc. Then the question becomes ‘how was this not an issue in the past….”A question that has to be answered because otherwise, MAN might be to blame.

If you have ever watched the video on the results of wolves being reintroduced to Yellowstone you know that overpopulation of any grazing animals will cause these things to happen, it is a cascade of effects caused by a loss of predators, then the trophic cascade of what happens, things return to a ‘normal’ state when the predators species are reintroduced.

In the oceans we have a very serious decline in whale and shark species, therefore we have fewer predators for sea lions. In wild horses, we kill predators, wolves, mountain lions, and bears, and thus fewer predators of wild horses.

Then we create more problems by building fish ladders, or dinner plates for sea lions, creating an unnatural environment. We put out feeding stations for big game that are hunted and use water for commercial livestock who are being raised in an unnatural environment.

Fisherman kills predators of sea lions, ranchers kill predators of wild horses. Fisherman sees more sea lions, but now they are eating their fish (profits). Ranchers see more horses, but now they are drinking scarce water and eating scarce forage, causing smaller numbers of livestock permitted on the land thus affecting their profits.


So what is the response…remove sea lions and kill them. Remove wild horses and (if the law permitted) kill them.

Is this management? I do not believe so. I believe this is responding to each new crisis as it arises or is discovered. It is not science-based, nor is it forward planning.

The fact is humans caused the problem for the sea lions and do we honestly have the right to then impose a death sentence?

For horses…are they even overpopulated?

Is it truly commercial livestock that is overpopulated on our western public lands and horses being blamed?

Would the lands recover like they did in Yellowstone if we stop killing apex predators?

Would the underground water, and thus groundwater levels recover if we stop the overuse by the commercial livestock, and livestock crop productions on these arid lands?

When do humans stand up and take accountability for their actions?  We believe that the answer is:

When profit is no longer the only priority that matters.


Referenced articles:

When will we realize that the beauty and peace humans receive from nature are more valuable than the commercial profits of corporations?


Other references and good reads:


Asuncion Island Sea lions & baby Cormorants from whale magic tours on Vimeo.


  • “Following the reintroduction of previously extirpated gray wolves Canis lupus into Yellowstone National Park, a spatially patchy recovery of woody browse species (e.g., aspen Populus tremuloides, willow Salix spp., cottonwood Populus spp.) has begun, indicating that large predator recovery may represent an important restoration strategy for ecosystems degraded by wild ungulates.”Large predators and trophic cascades in terrestrial ecosystems of the western United States Author links open overlay panel Robert L.BeschtaWilliam J.Ripple College of Forestry, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, United States Received 8 January 2009, Revised 21 May 2009, Accepted 4 June 2009, Available online 4 August 2009.

ACTION ALERT: Contact the Appropriations Subcommittee



The House of Representatives will begin hearings on the FY 2019
appropriations bill today. This is the bill with the Stewart amendment we fought to get rid of last year, and succeeded.

Last year Rep. Chris Stewart did, as in the previous year, stand in front of this Congressional committee and tell bold face lies to push his major donors’ agenda to get rid of our wild horses.

His amendment sought to use ‘all the tools in the toolbox’ meaning unrestricted sales of “excess” horses, and euthanasia of “excess horses”. His agenda supports the wishes of a huge group of well funded commercial and corporate special interest public lands users and abusers. The leaders of this group being the commercial livestock industry.

We filed an ethics complaint against Stewart, and we cornered him on C-Span, announcing that ethics complaint to the audience at a time when mainstream media would not tell the truth either. We have been forcing the truth to be seen and we will not stop.

We expect the same, if not a worse amendment to be introduced this year to try and kill over 100,000 wild horses. We believe there have been at least 3 stagings, intentionally providing dead horses at the very hands of the federal agencies who are supposed to be protecting them. We need your help, your voices, and your passionate intelligence to speak up again for our wild horses.



Feel free to use this or any other graphics at the bottom of this post on your social media profiles to show unity in this fight for these magnificent wild horses.



ACT NOW – Contact the subcommittee members listed below, and tell them: 
We will not support any language to kill, allow unrestricted sales, or perform barbaric sterilization surgeries of wild mares. 


  • Ken Calvert, California, Chairman

Facebook Link
Email Web Form for Zipcode enter 92882
2205 Rayburn
Washington, DC 20515
Phone: (202) 225-1986
Fax: (202) 225-2004

  • Mike Simpson, Idaho

Facebook Link

Email Web Form for Zipcode enter 83701
2084 Rayburn House Office Building
Washington, D.C. 20515
Phone: 202-225-5531
Fax: 202-225-8216

  • Tom Cole, Oklahoma
WashingtonDC 20515

Phone: (202) 225-6165
Fax: (202) 225-3512

  • David Joyce, Ohio
Facebook Link
Email Web Form for Zipcode enter 44087
1124 Longworth HOB
Washington, DC 20515
Phone: (202) 225-5731
Fax: (202) 225-3307
  • Chris Stewart, Utah, Vice Chair

Facebook Link
Email Web Form for Zipcode enter 84111
323 Cannon House Office Building
Washington, DC 20515
Phone: 202-225-9730
Fax 202-225-9627

  • Mark Amodei, Nevada

Facebook Link
Email Web Form for Zipcode enter 89511
332 Cannon House Office Building
Washington, DC 20515
Phone: (202) 225-6155
Fax: (202) 225-5679

  • Evan Jenkins, West Virginia

Facebook Link
Email Web Form for Zipcode enter 25701
1609 Longworth House Office Building
Washington, DC 20515
Phone: (202) 225-3452
Fax: (202) 225-9061


  • Betty McCollum, Minnesota, Ranking Member

Facebook Link
Email Web Form for Zipcode enter 55114
2256 Rayburn House Office Building
WashingtonDC 20515
Phone: (202) 225-6631
Fax: (202) 225-1968

  • Chellie Pingree, Maine

Facebook Link
Email Web Form use her office address: 2 Portland Fish Pier, Portland, ME 04101
2162 Rayburn HOB
Washington, DC 20515
Phone (202) 225-6116
Fax (202) 225-5590

  • Derek Kilmer, Washington

Facebook Link
Email Web Form for Zipcode enter 98402
2162 Rayburn HOB
Washington, DC 20515
Phone (202) 225-6116
Fax (202) 225-5590

  • Marcy Kaptur, Ohio

Facebook Link
Email Web Form for Zipcode enter 43604
2186 Rayburn Building
Washington, DC 20515
Phone: (202) 225-4146
Fax: (202) 225-7711


Watch for more action alerts as the budget process moves along in the coming months, and remember this issue when you go to the polls in your state! We’ll follow this up with some information on how your Congressperson and Senator did for the wild horses, and on the issue of slaughter in Dept of Agriculture in the coming weeks. For more information on past years, appropriations refer to the list of other articles we’ve published below.

Graphics for use as social media profile pics or avatars


Continue reading “ACTION ALERT: Contact the Appropriations Subcommittee”

Citizens Against Equine Slaughter Files a Formal Ethics Complaint Against a Sitting Congressman

©CAES Jan.24, 2018
This document may not be copied or used without consent of CAES. For permission contact our office at 541.315.6650


24 January 2018; CAES filed a formal complaint with the US Office of Congressional Ethics (OCE). We have alleged that Representative Chris Stewart (R-UT) did in fact commit ethics violations, and US Criminal Code Title 18 violations. We have also implicated several other elected officials in our complaint.

Conspiracy to Defraud – 18 U.S. Code § 371 
If two or more persons conspire either to commit any offense against the United States, or to defraud the United States, or any agency thereof in any manner or for any purpose, and one or more of such persons do any act to effect the object of the conspiracy, each shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than five years, or both.”

 Code of Official Conduct – House Rule XXIII no. 1 – Damaging credibility of the House
A Member . . . of the House shall behave at all times in a manner that shall reflect credibility on the House.”

 Code of Ethics for Government Service No.1
“Any person in Government service should: 1. Put loyalty to the highest moral principles and to country above loyalty to Government persons, party, or department.”

Representative Stewart et al. are in government service and should put loyalty to the highest moral principles and to Country (80% of Americans and our American culture) above loyalty to the Secretary of the Interior, party, or department.

We have asked for several items of relief including that Representative Stewart et al. are sanctioned at a minimum and are no longer allowed to “lead” on this issue even behind the scenes, and that all votes following their false testimonies to Congress be stricken from the Congressional record.

Below read the entire complaint:

  1. Subject of Allegation U.S. Representatives Stewart, Amodei, Simpson, and Cole
  2. Date(s) the Alleged Conduct Occurred:
    The alleged conduct started on April 27, 2016 to current.
    Specifically, July 12, 2017 and July 18, 2017.
  3. Concise Statement of Facts: (As well as the source of the information, in the event that the person   submitting the information does not have first-hand knowledge of the facts.)*

Attachment 1

Dog and Pony Big Government Show – All Tools to Kill Our Wild Horses

Courtesy U.S. Representative Chris Stewart of Utah

By Patience O’Dowd, CAES 1/11/2017

Attachment 2

STEWART HEARING REBUTTAL Final                                                                       7/5/2016

Re: Entry into the Federal Lands Subcommittee record: Cost Analysis/Data for the Subcommittee on Federal Lands on Wild Horse and Burro Hearing of 6/22/16.

Attachment 3

Lake Research Partners Poll – 80% of Americans disapprove of Horse Slaughter, 67% Strongly Disapprove.

Actual Poll Enclosed Attachment 2

Attachment 4

BLM Statement: “BLM uses latest science” . . .                       


“BLM uses the latest science in its efforts to ensure that viable populations of wild horses and burros can thrive on healthy public rangelands. For example, the BLM uses science to monitor rangeland vegetation, soils, water, wildlife habitat, and the effects of wildfire, and the BLM relies on sound science and monitoring data to determine appropriate management levels for wild horse and burro herds. 

As part of its efforts to manage the population growth of wild horses on public rangelands, the BLM has supported the development of an effective contraceptive agent for wild horses since 1978. Over the years, attempts at different approaches — such as hormone implants, chemical vasectomies, and intrauterine devices — were tried, but abandoned as ineffective or impractical at that time.”

Attachment 5

Affidavit Example from CAES President Dr. Lester Friedlander former USDA Veterinarian
This is an example of Affidavits to come from Dr. Lester Friedlander.

Attachment 6

Overview of the Management of Wild Horses and Burros

A report presented to the National Academy of Sciences Committee to Review the Management of Wild Horses and Burros, Prepared by: Animal Welfare Institute October 2012

Attachment (additional) 7

Restoration of Riparian Areas Following the Removal of Cattle in the Northwestern Great Basin
Bachelor, J. L., Ripple, W. J., Wilson, T. M., & Painter, L. E. (2015). Restoration of
Riparian Areas Following the Removal of Cattle in the Northwestern Great Basin.
Environmental Management, 55(4), 930-942. doi:10.1007/s00267-014-0436-2


Citizens Against Equine Slaughter contends that Representative Stewart et al. (Representatives Amodei, Simpson and Cole) are in conspiracy as well as Congress, against the people of the United states in an attempt to defraud them of their (property) their natural resource (federally wild horses).


  1. Wild Horses have been managed under the Department of Interior’s Bureau of Land Management and the United States Department of Agriculture’s Forest Service since Dec 18, 1971 under Public Law 92–195. This was enacted due to overwhelming public pressure to protect wild horses from animal cruelty as well as preserve them for future generations.
  2. An independent poll by Lake Research Partners in 2012 showed that 80% of Americans strongly oppose horse slaughter. This poll was administered with similar results in New Mexico, Missouri and Oklahoma. The National Poll is widely and openly discussed during the committee meetings in question. The stated results of this poll are not under debate and it is taken as fact during Congressional discussions in committee.
  3. On 2013 The National Academy of Sciences published their consensus review entitled Using Science to Improve the BLM Wild Horse and Burro Program: A Way Forward(2013)
    Consensus Study Report On the basis of the information provided to the committee, the statistics on the national population size cannot be considered scientifically rigorous.FINDING: Management practices are facilitating high horse population growth rates.

    FINDING: The most promising fertility-control methods for application to free ranging horses or burros are porcine zona pellucida (PZP) vaccines, GonaCon™ vaccine, and chemical vasectomy.

    FINDING: Predation will not typically control population growth rates of free ranging horses.

    “A large predator, when abundant, can influence the dynamics of free-ranging ungulates. However, the potential for predators to affect free-ranging horse populations is limited by the absence of abundance of such predators as mountain lions and wolves on HMAs


  4. BLM Statement Regarding Science:“BLM uses the latest science in its efforts to ensure that viable populations of wild horses and burros can thrive on healthy public rangelands. For example, the BLM uses science to monitor rangeland vegetation, soils, water, wildlife habitat, and the effects of wildfire, and the BLM relies on sound science and monitoring data to determine appropriate management levels for wild horse and burro herds.“As part of its efforts to manage the population growth of wild horses on public rangelands, the BLM has supported the development of an effective contraceptive agent for wild horses since 1978. Over the years, attempts at different approaches — such as hormone implants, chemical vasectomies, and intrauterine devices — were tried, but abandoned as ineffective or impractical at that time.”There is no stated reason and in fact there is no factual reason why humane and feasible ‘On Range Management’ with contraception cannot be used.


  5. The BLM has only utilized PZP (Native PZP and PZP 22) on less than 1% of the wild horses. PZP 22 is less effective than PZP which is known to the BLM. PZP 22 should be used with a booster.
  6. Legally wild horses are not livestock. 29 CFR 780.328 – Meaning of livestock. The term “livestock” includes cattle, sheep, horses, goats, and other domestic animals ordinarily raised or used on the farm. This is further discussed in 780.120.780.120 Raising of “livestock.” “The meaning of the term “livestock” as used in section 3(f) is confined to the ordinary use of the word and includes only domestic animals ordinarily raised or used on farms.”
  7. Wild, undomesticated horses are not estray because they are not livestock – Wild Horse Observers Association (WHOA) v NMLBTherefore: Wild horses are protected by the federal, state and local animal protection laws of the states once captured.Wild Horse Observers Association, Inc., Plaintiff–Appellant, v. New Mexico Livestock Board, Defendant–Appellee, and Susan Blumenthal, Ash Collins, Susan Collins, Jon Couch, Peter Hurley, Judith Hurley, Zane Dohner, Carolyn E. Kennedy, Lynn Montgomery, Joe Neas, Mike Neas, and Pamela Neas, Defendants by Intervention–Appellees.
    • Alternate Citation:  2015 WL 4712152 (N.M. Ct. App., 2015)
    • Attorneys:  Steven K. Sanders, Steven K. Sanders & Associates, LLC, Albuquerque, NM, for Appellant. Andrea Buzzard, Karen Budd–Falen, Budd–Falen Law Offices, LLC, Cheyenne, WY, for Appellee. David G. Reynolds, Corrales, NM, for Intervenors.
    • Docket Num:  No. 34,097

    As published

  8. Native PZP has been used successfully for over 25 years under the Department of Interior’s National Parks at Assateague National Park with On Range Management. A 48,000-acre remote island. No adoptions or roundups.
  9. Animals have been successfully darted in the African continent for decades. Two PZP scientists have both stated that PZP is easy to dart from helicopter. One has stated it is much more humane than helicopter roundups as it is very quick.
  10. Representative Stewart, Amodei, and Simpson specifically led Congress, along with the BLM to ignore Science, ignore animal humane laws: The Burns Oregon BLM planned an illegal surgical sterilization, ovariectomy experiment which even classifies as vivisection experiments:Mare Sterilization Research Environmental Assessment DOI-BLM-OR-B000-2015-0055-EA
    Decision of Record:
    Final Environmental Assessment:
    Finding of No Significant Impact: Academy of Sciences “The possibility that ovariectomy may be followed by prolonged bleeding or peritoneal infection makes it inadvisable for field application.”
  11. The Burns Oregon plan for Ovariectomy sterilization experiments was stopped by Citizens Against Equine Slaughter (CAES) Administrative Appeal once the BLM understood that the IBLA was not going to dismiss the CAES Appeal based on standing. The BLM had designed their sterilization experiment in a way that would potentially make it next to impossible to gain standing in court.The public did not know where the horses came from, and that more were coming or where more would be coming from. Also, people had not been going to the remote location holding pen at Burns Oregon to view and aesthetically enjoy the wild Horses in a corral awaiting their fate, in general.However, CAES both retained conversations with the Burns BLM staff which disclosed information that was not in the information available to the public, regarding where further wild horses would be culled from, and, CAES Board member Ms. Cecama-Hogsett as a disabled citizen had visited the remote Burns Oregon horses in their holding pens.
    (Ms. Hogsett states that citizens with disabilities are often unjustly barred from their due process rights to gain standing due to inabilities to go out into the field.)The BLM motioned the IBLA to dismiss all three Administrative Appeals on standing, however the IBLA could not, and did not, dismiss the CAES et al. appeal.  Hence after multiple rounds of briefing, regarding the CAES Administrative Appeal and Motion for Stay, the IBLA did not dismiss CAES on standing, the BLM then withdrew their sterilization plans, (Vacate and Remand). This in turn ended the other two court cases FRER and FOA filed against this experiment as determined by a PACER review. There were no other court cases opposing this experiment that could be located on PACER.

    IBLA 2016-243 Citizens Against Equine Slaughter et al.
    Wild Horses and Burros
    Motion to Vacate and Remand Granted.
    Excerpt – footnote 2 from Defendants Motion to Vacate pg. 2 excerpt pg. 2 footnote 2.

    “2 Two other appeals (with accompanying petitions for stay) challenging the DR were filed with the Board: Janet Lynch, IBLA No. 2016-238 and Susan Carter, IBLA No. 2016-242. BLM filed motions to dismiss both those appeals for lack of standing and the Board granted those motions and dismissed both appeals in separate orders on September 7, 2016. Thus, this appeal is the only pending appeal of the DR before the Board.

    Janet Lynch
    Sue Carter

    Citizens Against Equine Slaughter (CAES)  excerpt pg. 2 paragraph 1

    “On September 9th, 2016 Before the Board could rule on either the appellant’s stay petition or BLM’s motion to dismiss, counsel for BLM filed a Motion to Vacate and Remand.

    September 9th
    Before the Board could rule on either the appellant’s stay petition or BLM’s motion to dismiss, counsel for BLM filed a Motion to Vacate and Remand.

    The Motion to Vacate and Remand was then communicated to the two other court cases filed and which had not yet established standing as there had been no rounds of briefing yet but had been filed well before the BLM vacated.  These two court cases ended on 9/12/16, one was Front Range Equine Rescue and the other was Friends of Animals.

    There was reportedly a third court case, filed by a BLM Advisory Board member in collaboration with another wild horse advocacy group, to watch the experiments, but not to stop them. There was a filed and stamped case no. reported for this case, however, for some reason, this case and its case number could not be found in the Pacer system. This Advisory Board member (and those organizations party to the case) also reported that this third court case to watch the experiments had actually stopped the sterilization experiments, as did the other two organizations who had filed lawsuit.

  12. The IBLA decision in the Citizens Against Equine Slaughter Administrative Appeal IBLA 2016-243 ruling is not listed on the chronological listing of IBLA decisions and neither is that of Janet Lynch.
  13. Representative Stewart confirmed his leadership or claimed his leadership role on April 27, 2016 where he stated to the House of Representatives, “wild horses are taking over the ranges”, “I grew up ranching” and “Help me solve this problem” while discussing alleged BLM planned cattle removals from BLM lands.Rep. Stewart Urges for More Local Control of Wild Horses in  speech on the House Floor on April 27, 2016.  00:00:20, 0:00:25, 00:1:05
  14. Representative Stewart has utilized one picture of a thin mare and her foal in the Cold Creek herd, the only incident in 46 years since the 1971 Act was passed. He has used this picture as an aide to help him convince Congress that we will have “tens of thousands of animals that look like this out on the range.” Which he stated on May 25, 2016 @ 00:01:08
  15. Representative Stewart brought the Stewart Amendment to the House on May 25, 2016This Amendment allows for the BLM to transfer any wild horses to any requesting federal state or local government requesting a work animal. The provision prohibits these horses from ever being slaughtered. However, this is not legally enforceable because upon “transfer” the horses would lose all Federal Protection status and would then become property of the transfer recipient.This is another major change in policy which, past issues with the BLM have shown, increases likelihood of selling large numbers of wild horses to the same buyer where those horses ended up at slaughter or at auction to known slaughter buyers.  @00:01:07
  16. Representative Stewart again utilized this one picture of a thin mare and her foal of Cold Creek of the only incident in 46 years since the 1971 Act was passed, a second year in a row on July 18, 2017 in the Interior Appropriations Committee meeting, to convince Congress that:
    these horses are starving, they’re destroying the range, they’re crowding out the deer and the elk because we cannot manage them”Representative Stewart does not mention in committee any investigation into any mismanagement or root cause investigation of this one incident at Cold Creek. However, Representative Stewart states that:
    “these horses are starving, they’re destroying the range, they’re crowding out the deer and the elk because we cannot manage them” and that “I desperately want to protect them” though Representative Stewart is actually working to provide to the Secretary of the Interior, all the tools to kill these wild horses, both by slaughter for human consumption, and mass euthanasia.   @ 02:50:46 andRepresentative Stewart is serving the Secretary of the Interior’s stated desires in this, however not the overwhelming majority of the people in this country.
  17. Representative Stewart along with Representative Hatch work to protect ranchers. BLM is neither capable nor equipped to manage wild horse populations, and federal stewardship has allowed their numbers to reach unsustainable levels,”
    Sen. Hatch said. “Deferring management authority to states and tribes is a commonsense solution that will mitigate the devastating ecological consequences horse overpopulation is causing to public lands in the West. Ranchers shouldn’t have to pay such a steep price for the federal government’s inability to manage wild horse populations successfully.”There is no mention of the taxpayer support of ranchers and no mention of the number of non-native cattle on these same public lands.
  18. Representative Stewart et al. has worked legislatively to have wild horses managed by unlimited sale on May 25, 2016, by slaughter for human consumption on July 12, 2017, and by killing them en-masse on July 18, 2017.He started out with H.R.5058 – Wild Horse Oversight Act   July 10, 2014
    A BILL: To amend the Wild Free-Roaming Horses and Burros Act to provide for state and tribal management and protection of wild free-roaming horses and burros, and for other purposes.
  19. Representative Stewart does not mention in committee any investigation into any mismanagement or root cause of this one incident at Cold Creek, however on July 18, 2017 Stewart states that:“these horses are starving, they’re destroying the range, they’re crowding out the deer and elk because we cannot manage them” @02:50:46 in hearing or 3:05 on this link.In contrast, on April 27, 2016 to the House, he had stated that “I desperately want to protect them.” However, Representative Stewart is actually working consistently to kill these wild horses, using both slaughter and euthanasia as shown by his amendments and his votes.
  20. Representative Stewart has specifically stated in the Interior Appropriations committee on July 18, 2017, “All we are asking is to give the Department of Interior, what the Secretary has asked, in fact what he has begged for, the tools to manage.”Full Committee Markup FY 2018 Interior Appropriations Bill
    July 18, 2017 @ 2:50:55 committee or 3:14 on this short.Also see quotes of Representative Stewart et al. in Attachment 1 regarding Horse slaughter.The tools Mr. Stewart is working toward are ALL the tools to kill for the Secretary of the Interior, rather than the people and the resource for the country.
  21. If Horse slaughter is started up in the United States and there is no “rider” disallowing monies being spent to kill wild horses, wild horses may be sent to slaughter.
  22. Representative Stewart et al. have not discussed or asked for any investigation during committee, into food safety issues regarding horse meat, though there is a Food Safety Act H.R. 113 – Safeguard American Food Exports Act of 2017, and which 208 House Representatives are currently co-sponsoring.
  23. MISLEADING with intent/conspiracy*/cover-up/collusion/credibility for the House, out the window  – Representative Stewart brought an amendment to the House Interior Appropriations Committee on July 18, 2017 that would allow healthy federally wild horses under the 1971 Act to be euthanized. Representative Stewart defended this amendment with non-specific rhetoric, not with factual information, including much misinformation regarding the BLM’s brutal planned illegal surgical sterilization experiment on 200 conscious mares, with 75 of them being pregnant and all of them in filthy field conditions intentionally.

    PZP/contraception studied at Burns Oregon.

    This amendment passed, in part at least due to their false testimony. Representative Stewart was in a position to know this was false testimony, heard this false testimony previously on July 12, 2017, and called on Representative Amodei to give this false testimony again in July 18, 2017.

    *“Conspiracies are typically proved by circumstantial evidence. “Since such participation, cooperation or unity of action is difficult to prove by direct evidence, it can be inferred from the nature of the act done, the relation of the parties, the interests of the alleged conspirators, and other circumstances.”(Rickley, supra, 212 Cal.App.4th at p. 1166, internal citation omitted.)

    *“Furthermore, the requisite concurrence and knowledge “may be inferred from the nature of the acts done, the relation of the parties, the interests of the alleged conspirators, and other circumstances. Tacit consent as well as express approval will suffice to hold a person liable as a co conspirator.” (Wyatt, supra, 24 Cal. 3d at p. 785, internal citations omitted.

    Full Committee Markup FY:18 Interior Appropriations Bill
    02:55:48 Stewart Misleading

    “We have been trying to use contraceptives as an answer for 30 yrs. and it simply is impractical.”
    “The repeated inoculations, it just simply hasn’t worked.”
    “I would like to yield 30 seconds to Mr. Amodei, he has more insight on this.”  

    Representative Amodei Misleading
    “BLM has been trying to do a pilot program in Burns Oregon and were sued by an outside group, I don’t know the name, so I’m not pickin on anybody. Just stop it, and so, obviously that is something that needs to be explored, because quite frankly, I don’t think anybody in this room disagrees that the status quo isn’t working. Birth control is something that should be taken a look at and used if appropriate but when you get, outside groups suing a pilot program to see how that works, it’s a problem, so I think there’s room here for leadership in terms of going, we need to weigh in cause quite frankly we’re where we’re at where people were here before us, quite frankly, have kicked it down the road with a can sitting at our feet.” 

    Representative Simpson Misleading
    “PZP beautiful, just hasn’t been working, BLM’s been trying it. That’s why they tried to pilot program in Burns, that’s why they were sued. We can’t seem to move off this but the reality is you think your being kind to horses, you’re not, letting them starve out on the range. Ms. McCullough has gone out and seen em. Some of you that talk about this need to actually go see what’s happening instead of just talkin. It is a problem and we are spending in this bill 80 million dollars. The former BLM director came to me one day a couple years ago and had an idea. You . . .” “Nobody’s adopting these things”. Then Representative Simpson essentially made a very inappropriate joke about a “silver bullet

    These were not “PZP”, “contraceptives” or “birth control” experiments.
    Mare Sterilization Research Environmental Assessment DOI-BLM-O R -B 000-2015-0055-EA, Bureau of Land Management Burns District DECISION RECORD Mare Sterilization Research Environmental Assessment DOI-BLM-OR-B000-2015-0055-EA

  24. Representative Stewart et al. has neither mentioned the National Academy of Sciences Report (NAS) Report in committee hearings where they are lobbying for unlimited sale authority, slaughter, and mass euthanasia of federally wild horses, nor have they called for any investigation as to why: the Department of Interior was not using contraception, why the USDA Wildlife services is spending more annually on the killing of natural predators of the horse than on the entire National Wild Horse and Burro budget or why specifically called on Representative Amodei to cover up a heinous illegal act planned by the BLM on July 18, 2017 in support of his amendment to mass euthanize the federally wild horses.Current Off Range, Fiscally Irresponsible, and Illegal Miss-Management:
    Representative Stewart et al. have also covered up the BLM’s willful lack of management against their statutory duties, while the livestock industry is enriched, in turn gathering, removing and housing these wild horses, inhumanely living in large holding pens, on private property, (at 7 to 8 dollars/day according to Representative Cole) in unnatural familial conditions, unnatural physical conditions, after brutal stampede round-ups akin to putting a baby on a highway and telling it to not get hit and to keep up, while causing animal fighting due to natural hierarchies and extreme chaos, fright, constituting extreme animal cruelty under color of law. Even in these holding pens, the BLM has admitted to a %5 death rate just due to normal handling. Young sick old and pregnant are run in stampede conditions for miles while stallions die trying to free them once in the mass collection chutes. Stallions escape and come back to try and free their families. There are no cameras on these helicopters which swoop cruelly close, sometimes touching them to move/herd these horses by stampede for miles across rough terrain. Much of these stampede runs for miles are not in the viewing area of the public. This is all, unnecessary and does constitute extreme animal cruelty according to the patchwork of animal welfare laws, federal, state, and locally and as according to Dr. Lester Friedlander BA DVM. Again, wild horses are not livestock and are subject to these animal welfare laws which the BLM/USDA Forest Service and Congress have illegally ignored, along with the will of the people, with intent to wipe out this resource belonging to the people.Mares have given birth on the run and babies left behind. Babies have worn their feet off. Wild horses do not normally stampede. Out of view, horses go down, and once corralled, mares give birth to babies that then die. In nature, stallions spend most of their time and energy keeping their family away from other stallions, not pushing them onto a highway at breakneck speeds across rough terrain with young, old and sick underfoot, mixing up and losing their family members. BLM workers say wild horses choose new families all the time, forgetting that routine round ups are the major cause of that.  Wild Horses conserve their energies in case of a predator attack, they do not normally run in this type of group stampede. This is all unconscionable. This is shown by the USGS Ethology referenced in Attachment 1.These are the kind of behaviors that the 1971 Act was passed to stop, but due to special interest pull, ignoring the FACT that these wild horses are not Livestock and are protected by ALL the animal welfare laws, and misuse of appropriations legislation which the House is responsible for, we are now moving from these current abuses to outright killing of these wild horses against statutes and against the will of the people and our constitutional rights to property, thanks to Representative Stewart of Utah et al. Documentation available upon request.

    One woman, Ms. Leigh of Wild Horse Education has spent much of her adult life on the range documenting and fighting these horrendous roundup practices, gaining standing and working to decrease these abuses.

    Many Wild Horse photographers have documented these beautiful and inspirational families of wild horses.

    This writer’s New Mexico non-profit, Wild Horse Observers Association (WHOA), stopped helicopter roundups in NM being done by the USDA Forest Service in 2004, and worked to stop the BLM from re-implementing this from an adjacent BLM property, however reasonably understands that helicopters and other set-ups can be and are used by veterinarians and others for humane and feasible darting, in a humane manner. (Documentation available.)

    Representative Stewart’s own Governor Gary Herbert of Utah has admitted on camera in 2017, to this writer, that helicopters could instead be used (briefly and humanely), for humane darting of contraception. This would take seconds per horse, a very short run, and can be accomplished at 50 meters rather away than swooping down on them in roundup fashion. Documentation available upon request.

    On July 5, 2016 we also sent this information (see Attachment 2) in detail previously to:  Re: Entry into the Federal Lands Subcommittee record: Cost Analysis/Data for the Subcommittee on Federal Lands on Wild Horse and Burro Hearing of June 22, 2016.


  25. Cattle are non-native ruminants.  See data and references in Attachment 1 regarding numbers of Cattle relative to native deer, elk, and native wild horses.

  26. Horses are not ruminants and are indeed native to Northern American and evolved here and only here in North America for over 55 million years, current form about 2 million years old, gone from North America only 7 to 13 thousand years in which time, the grasses did not evolve in any way significantly.  See WILD HORSES AS NATIVE NORTH AMERICAN WILDLIFE: Horses: An Excellent Defense for a Returned Native Species – Ross MacPhee (Curator, Dept Mammalogy, Division of Vertebrate Zoology) – 2012 McPhee – (Excerpt)“It is worth noting that dozens of other species in addition to native horses died out at the close of the Pleistocene, in an episode termed the megafauna extinctions. The only major difference is that, long before 10,000 bp, E. caballus had established itself on other continents (South America as well as Eurasia) by crossing land bridges. There they survived. Reintroduction to North America 500 years ago is, biologically, a non-event: horses were merely returned to part of their former native range, where they have since prospered because ecologically they never left.Whether these considerations should play a role in policy decisions I leave to others. At the same time, it needs to be more widely understood that the horse’s status as a native North American species is beyond serious question, whatever side of the debate over wild horse control one leans toward.

    Ross MacPhee, PhD
    Division of Vertebrate Zoology
    American Museum of Natural History
    New York NY 10024


  27. Wild Horses are not self-limiting as are kangaroos. Wild horses evolved with natural predators in North America.  They unlike ruminants, (bovine/cattle) have upper front teeth and mow rather than pull flora out of the ground. Their digestive system unlike bovine, do not usually kill seeds, but instead spread seeds and cause quicker germination.
  28. Representative Stewart knew what Amodei would say when he called on him see number 24 in the Interior Appropriations meeting because he heard him cover up the Burns Oregon sterilization experiment during the Agricultural Committee meeting on July 12, 2017.
  29. Representative Stewart has specifically called on Representative Amodei to cover up this heinous illegal act planned by the BLM and to also cover up how it was stopped in support of his amendment to mass euthanize the federally wild horses. Again, @ 2:56:09 July 18, 2017
  30. Representative Stewart has specifically called on Representative Amodei to disparage the scientific solution as determined by the National Academy of Sciences when he both supported and covered up the BLM’s heinous plans to illegally vivisect 200 wild mares with 75 of them pregnant in a filthy environment act planned by the BLM and said it was a birth control experiment. @ 02:56:23 July 18, 2017
  31. Representative Stewart has specifically called on Representative Amodei to also claim that an NGO or “outside group” had halted the BLM at Burns Oregon from performing a birth control experiment essentially making the false case that the BLM now had no solutions available outside of KILLING.
  32. Representative Stewart has specifically called on Representative Amodei to also claim that an NGO had halted the BLM at Burns Oregon from performing a birth control experiment essentially making the case that the BLM could not use contraception without further experimentation when in fact, PZP has been in use successfully under the DOI’s National Park Service at Assateague National Park for approximately 30 yrs. (this number referenced by Stewart) with no adoptions and no roundups necessary. This is a 4800 acre area which is remote and well documented. There are other herds, McCullough Peak, Pryor Mountain as well as horses along the east coast, the Corolla herd, Shackleford Banks and more as well as other species.
  33. Representative Stewart knew or should have known what Representative Amodei would testify as he was in the room when Representative Amodei stated this same false statement on July 12, 2017.
  34. Representative Stewart then specifically mislead our entire nation in his Christmas Day Op-Ed to the NY Times entitled, The Hard Truths About the West’s Wild Horse Problem. December 25, 2017. While he had this article published as “Chris Stewart” rather than Representative Chris Stewart, we believe he used his position as a Representative to gain access to the NY Times, and then specifically mislead the Nation as follows:Chris Stewart told the nation falsely that contraception could not possibly work because: 1. You could not use birth control on a pregnant mare and 2. That wild mares are always pregnant. Hence, basically you cannot even use it on wild horses.Mr. Stewart falsely prepared the Nation for the FALSE NEED to STEAL and KILL their wild horses that unify them, inspire them, are a natural resource belonging to them, the people of this Nation. This all to show favor to the two special interests involved in kill industries.
  35. Ms. O’Dowd publicly informed the NY Times of this falsehood on December 27, 2017 and the Times posted an online correction on December 29, 2017. However, the damage was done.
  36. Representative Stewart quietly voted FOR horse slaughter on July 12, 2017 in the Agricultural Committee. However just 6 days later…… in the Interior Appropriations Committee Stewart lobbied then for a second TOOL to KILL the Nation’s horses, mass euthanasia. Here he manipulated, contrary to his own recent pro-horse slaughter for human consumption vote, that:“I do not see horses as Food Animals”, “I see horses as companion animals”, and “I would never eat horse meat”. He even went so far as to say he’s eaten a bunny’s eyeball, fungus, and slugs, but not horse meat.This was his manipulation to gain a second tool for the Secretary of the Interior versus the people, to kill our nation’s wild horses. This committee did pass the Representative’s amendment by voice vote.
  37. Stewart et al. have ignored the BLM’s years of mismanagement and the BLM’s ignoring the recommendations of the NAS study for years, and then later convened at tax payer expense two more panels of experts, the United States Geological Survey (USGS Panel) and the National Research Council Panel (NRC Panel), (from Case 1:16-cv-01570-CKK). Hence, the BLM continued to mismanage for years and to search and spend tax payer dollars, in order to facilitate the evasion of the rule of law, under color of law and perform illegal and inhumane experimentation under the guise of further experts, albeit not in agreement per Case 1:16-cv-01570-CKK.
  38. CKK. Excerpt from Attachment 1-  Representative Cole joins in the manipulation of the House of representatives, falsely, for a complete package to convince the House that these wild horses cannot be managedRepresentative Cole of Oklahoma, who though recognized by Time Magazine as “one of the sharpest minds in the House,” and a registered member of the Chickasaw Nation, astoundingly and sadly ignored his heritage as well as science when he testified that: horses “are not indigenous to this continent”, they have “no natural predators when it’s out there on the plain”, and “It’s the biggest fastest thing out there out there on the plain” (sic). Cole’s testimony was a gross misrepresentation of the simplest of wildlife facts, in order to support horse slaughter of wild horses. Contrary to his erroneous testimony to the House Appropriations committee on July 12, 2017, horses are in fact outrun by all their existing natural predators: mountain lions, bears, wolves and coyotes. And some bears are a larger “thing” than a horse.Natural Predators Outrun the Horse
    Mt Lion-50 mph   Coyote-43 mph   Brown Bear-40 mph   Wolf-37 mph   Black Bear-35 mph

    These natural predators of the horses are also being wiped out by our special interest government, at $100 million/year by the USDA. This is more than the DOI spends on the nation’s Wild Horse and Burro program, at only $79 Million/year Cole’s pro-slaughter vote went directly against the majority of his constituents, of whom 60% are opposed to horse slaughter (Lake Research Poll) as are all Americans at 80%. To his credit, Representative Cole does self-identify as a rancher advocate, on his web pages.

  39. Cattle far outnumber wild horses on public lands by any count, any year, by orders of magnitude. See Attachments.From the House Ethics Manual:General Ethical Standards
    Government is a trust, and the officers of the government are trustees; and both the trust and the trustees are created for the benefit of the people.“That ―”public office is a public trust” has long been a guiding principle of government. To uphold this trust, Congress has bound itself to abide by certain standards of conduct, expressed in the Code of Official Conduct (House Rule 23) and the Code of Ethics for Government Service. These codes provide that Members, officers, and employees are to conduct themselves in a manner that will reflect creditably on the House, work earnestly and thoughtfully for their salary, and that they may not seek to profit by virtue of their public office, allow themselves to be improperly influenced, or discriminate unfairly by the dispensing of special favors. “
     -Henry Clay, Speech at Ashland, Kentucky, March 1829.

These acts, and plans are both unethical and illegal.


  • These three plans/options being promoted by Stewart et al. as well as the cover ups constitute:
  • Unequal Protection under the law and retaliation: The People versus special interests. Moreover, special interests that the people are paying billions of dollars/year to in subsidies already, which then can be used against us.
  • Conspiracy to Defraud – 18 U.S. Code § 371
    If two or more persons conspire either to commit any offense against the United States, or to defraud the United States, or any agency thereof in any manner or for any purpose, and one or more of such persons do any act to effect the object of the conspiracy, each shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than five years, or both.”
  • Code of Official Conduct – House Rule XXIII no. 1 – Damaging credibility of the HouseA Member . . . of the House shall behave at all times in a manner that shall reflect credibility on the House.”
  • Code of Ethics for Government Service No.1
    “Any person in Government service should: 1. Put loyalty to the highest moral principles and to country above loyalty to Government persons, party, or department.”Representative Stewart et al. are in government service and should put loyalty to the highest moral principles and to Country (80% of Americans and our American culture) above loyalty to the Secretary of the Interior, party, or department.
  • Code of Ethics for Government Service No.2
    “Any person in Government service should: 2. Uphold the Constitution, laws, and legal regulations of the United States and of all governments therein and never be a party to their evasion.
  • Extreme Animal Cruelty: Horse slaughter, mass euthanasia and unlimited sale authority also constitute extreme animal cruelty, per former USDA veterinarian Dr. Lester Friedlander BA, DVM, with no follow-up ability to ensure safety and responsibility.
  • Unethical and Illegal: These state and local laws are a patchwork and essentially overturns the Burns Act of 2004 passed in the eleventh hour as a rider on an appropriations bill; as well as disallow any current action to slaughter or mass euthanize federally wild horses.These types of policy and public law changes of these magnitude and gravity are a misuse and abuse or underhanded manipulation of: CFR 40 1508.18
  • Not Livestock: Our Nation’s wild horses are subject to state and local animal welfare laws of the states they are in, as well as those of the federal government unlike livestock. Moreover, they are not raised as food animals and are at risk of having others horses in their midst from other areas.
  • Slaughter Poses Environmental Risks including: Horses rejected for slaughter or that have travelled far en-masse to get to slaughter, may pose a health issue to other area livestock.
  • State Law Patchwork: Our state and local animal welfare laws constitute a patchwork of laws making these plans unconstitutional as well as statutorily illegal. Moreover, some wild horses are rounded up in some states and subject to those states laws, and then transported to other states and subject to those laws.
  • Property Rights, Federal and State: It is unconstitutional to take our property, our resources: by voluntary and/or intentional mismanagement, causing a problem, then stealing the resource that is supposed to be protected and preserved. This is tantamount to racketeering by our own government. The amount of disrespect to the people, their resource, government by representation, and their constitution is unfathomable.
  • Regulatory Taking: While these wild horses are not private property, this is a taking nonetheless and we the people take this personally as we know many of these individual horses personally.
  • Arbitrary and Capricious: There has been no scientific study, no associated fiscal study calling for these actions, only speculative, one-sided, and incomplete, fiscal information.
  • Food Safety: These actions are against international food safety, animal welfare, the constitution, our laws, the statutes, our American Culture, and the will of the people.
  • Violation of the Administrative Procedures Act: 5 USC 702
  • Violation of the Wild Free Roaming Horses and Burros Act. Many violations of this Act.
  • Violation of the Antiquities Act. Inaccurate census and insufficient genetic viability studies, human culture affects, aesthetic effects, etc.
  • Violation of National Environmental Policy Act. Insufficient due process, options, alternatives, basis, studies, cause, public input, etc.
  • Lack of Due Process: The government abuses the appropriations process to hold the people hostage and change policies and laws without reasonable due process in complete opposition to the 80% of Americans opposed to horse slaughter as well as in opposition to mass euthanasia and unlimited sale authority, all the comments and petition signatures received.
  • Insufficient Cause/Basis Given: 40 CFR 1508.17 Legislation: There has been no request by Stewart et al. for a legislative impact statement to the BLM or to the Department of Interior. There has been no Environmental Impact Statement on genetic viability, behavioral affects, human effect, cultural effect, animal welfare, feasibility, environmental, etc.
  • Unequal Protection: While the livestock industry is compensated for a bad year, the taxpayer and the wild horse advocates are hit twice, in their taxes, and then in their time, donations and personal concern over this resource and its individuals which we/they photograph, study and aesthetically enjoy.
  • Lack of Leadership: There has been no significant interagency sharing visible between the National Park Service that utilizes wild horses for tourism as well as utilizes Native PZP/Contraception to manage population, and the BLM which are both under the DOI, as well as no sharing between the National Park Service and the USDA FS and the BIA as well.
  • Congressman Stewart has even misused the media which is supposed to be a check and balance in our system of government, to misinform the people on Christmas Day regarding contraception of wild mares. The NY Times correction this writer requested came 4 days late. This Op-Ed, though freedom of speech, was a manipulation and betrayal of his office as a United States Representative.
  • Under Color of Law: Theft and all of the above, and below, under color of law.
  • Due Process/Standing: Congressman Stewart et al. in effect told the “outside group” (CAES) to “STOP”, and told Congress that their “leadership” is needed, rather than that of the people’s. They ask Congress to ignore the will of the people and to allow these most heinous experiments, and entirely illegal and unnecessary killing in any manner possible, our nations unifying force, the wild horse.
  • They abuse the Appropriations process statutorily. They abuse the media, our check and balance. They assist the BLM in its designs to do whatever the Livestock industry wants and are OK with the rogue Bureau of Land Management (BLM) designing its illegal, unwholesome and freakish experiments in a manner to try and ensure that no citizen or group will have standing to oppose them.To wit, only CAES passed the legal test of standing, and once it did, the BLM dropped the most heinous illegal experiment. This experiment and the lengths they have gone to HIDE it and to COVER UP, show that BLM is indeed a ROUGE AGENCY and that this is due largely to conspiracy with Congress, against the people of the United States of America.

WHEREAS CAES requests relief with all due respect which includes the following:  

CAES asks:  Congress itself to “STOP” its illegal pandering to the Livestock industry and START requiring the Bureau of Land Management to respect our nation’s cultural UNITY around it’s wild horses and end its illegal rouge actions and plans.

CAES asks: Congress to STOP the divisive tactics regarding the best alternative to the illegal killing of our wild horses, including allowing our government’s own EPA calling our unifying cultural heritage a “Pest” and hence, then calling the humane, non-toxic, non-hormonal contraceptive native PZP, made only of protein and oil as a immune-contraceptive a “pesticide”, hence promoting fear for usage of this contraceptive or PZP22.

CAES asks: Congress to STOP, any funding for killing our nation’s wild horses.

CAES asks: Congress to pass the SAFE Act HR 113, for food safety and to thereby STOP the hidden dumped horse issues in our border states with Canada and Mexico CAUSED by Kill Buyers dumping of horses rejected at these borders due to pregnancy, etc. which are then politically and dishonestly used to promote horse slaughter.

CAES asks: Congress to REQUIRE on range management per the SPIRIT and INTENT of the 1971 Act.  With the constant round ups and small herd sizes, and refusal to utilize PZP immune contraception though it would be so very easy, (for example BLM at Socorro NM) there is a very low possibility that any number of wild horses, actually live out their lives on the range, in complete ignorance of the SPIRIT and INTENT of the 1971 Act.

CAES asks: Congress to disallow removals from herds protected under the 1971 Act that the BLM states are too small to utilize PZP due to genetic viability as removal of genetics is far worse than stopping births to the point where births equal attrition. Hence, stopping the “need” for removals.

CAES asks: Congress to stop the illegal use of it’s Appropriations process’ to promote the death of America’s wild horses and the slaughtering of both its wild hoses and its owned horses.

CAES asks: Congress to END all off-range management and hence round ups within 1 yr.

CAES asks: Congress to follow the Science and the will of the people and to STOP illegally utilizing the media to manipulate the people on this issue so uniting to our country.

CAES asks: Congress to STOP keeping our First People so poor, in order that Governor Gary Herbert and/or Governor Susanna Martinez can try to scape goat even those who believe them sacred, for the killing of our nations unifying force, the wild horse which the overwhelming majority of First Peoples and their fellow Americans see as spiritually, and culturally sacred.

CAES asks: Congress to STOP allowing the slaughter of ANY horse for human consumption that is not raised as a food animal for slaughter over the borders or on American soil.

CAES asks: Congress to STOP allowing the sale for slaughter for human consumption, of ANY estray animal of unknown origin and unknown food and drug history, and especially any Estray Equine which are rarely if ever raised as a food animal, to be sold as a food animal, as that is the basis for a FOOD SAFETY issue in and of itself, even if sold over our borders. This product can then be sold back to the U.S. as well as to people in other counties.

CAES asks: That Representative Stewart et al. are sanctioned at a minimum and are no longer allowed to “lead” on this issue even behind the scenes, and that all votes following their false testimonies to Congress be stricken from the Congressional record.

CAES asks: That the wild horse be recognized along with the Eagle and the Bison as this Nation’s National Ungulate. The horse is the oldest large mammal of North America and built and defended this nation.

CAES asks: That all executive Orders regarding Tourism be UPHELD.

CAES asks: That all Historic Preservation laws be brought to bear to preserve and protect even the “Fort Polk” horses in the Kisatchie National Forest immediately, as well as all other wild horses near military lands.

CAES asks: Congress to recognize that States own their wildlife including their wild horses even on federal lands and that these horses are wild horses even when they have not been recognized under the federal 1971 Act.

CAES asks: Congress to uphold food safety laws and to uphold the FACT that no wild, feral, or estray horse meets the federal definition of Livestock and hence to cease and desist ALL unrestricted sales of these national treasures, which in fact, are a state and national resource of the people, which of course have in no way, been raised as food animals.

CAES declares: If Congress ALLOWS our healthy wild horses to be killed the very spirit of our American Nation will be extinguished. Congress must not do, what it does not have the ethical, legal, or moral authority to do against our proud nation. This is tantamount to treason, if not actually treason.

CAES asks: For a Congressional Environmental Impact Statement to be performed, by people with no conflict of interest in any of the two kill industries, Livestock or Game, before any act of killing even one of our native healthy wild horses which built our country, protected our families, and their families, and have worked for us whenever, we have ever asked, and are in fact, important for our environmental health as native species, is funded or allowed through this corrupt Appropriations process.

This manipulative plan to kill our nation’s wild horses is an abuse of the very subsidized system of government that Henry Clay promoted.

What can you do?

Please take a moment to call the followig officials and tell them NOT to follow Rep Stewart and to protect our wild horses.

Murkowski, Lisa – 202-224-6665
Cochran, Thad 202-224-5054
Alexander, Lamar 202-224-4944
Blunt, Roy 202-224-5721
Hoeven, John 202-224-2551
McConnell, Mitch 202-224-2541
Daines, Steve 202-224-2651
Capito, Shelley Moore 202-224-6472
Udall, Tom 202 224 6621
Feinstein, Dianne 202 -224-3841
Leahy, Patrick J. 202-224-4242
Reed, Jack 202-224-4642
Tester, Jon 202-224-2644
Merkley, Jeff 202-224-3753
Van Hollen, Chris 202-224-4654


Breaking News – 20 Environmental and Wildlife Organizations Have Petitioned President Trump, Sec. of the Int. Zinke and Congress to Rectify the Livestock Grazing Issues on Public Lands.

In a unprecedented step to stop the heavy impact of livestock grazing on our public lands, we have joined environmental and wildlife organizations to fight for our wildlands.

The petition asks for limits to be set in areas that are fragile or need rest to recover from grazing impacts. It also asks for reductions in areas where livestock are in conflict with wildlife either for forage, or habitat protections.

You may ask how this helps horses at all, and the answer is that our wild horses are wildlife. This is something the livestock industry has bullied the government into ignoring for years, despite court rulings that declare them wildlife, they are still treated as if they are feral pests on their own lands.

We have joined with other organizations that not only fight for the environment, but also for wild species such as wolves, coyotes, etc. We believe every native species has a right to survive in their natural habitat. Right now the priority is given to commercial interests and we want to change that.

The petition will soon be received by President Trump, Dept of the Int. Sec, Ryan Zinke and members of Congress. However, we want to give all of you a chance to sign the petition as well, to do that click below:

Sign the Petition to Save OUR Lands


This is the petition that was sent in from our Coalition to save our lands:
A Public Petition to Congress, Department of Interior


Dear President Trump and Secretary of the Interior Zinke:

We, the American people and the undersigned organizations representing them, petition you to minimize the impact of livestock grazing on federal public lands, including but not limited to national forests and Bureau of Land Management lands, to address ecological problems caused by commercial livestock grazing. Ecological problems are occurring in instances where:

  • livestock grazing displaces wildlife, reduces wildlife populations through competition for forage, or degrades wildlife habitats;
  • degradation is occurring to the land (for example, erosion or soil compaction);
  • transmission of pathogens is occurring from livestock to wildlife populations;
  • degradation is occurring to plant communities;
  • native wildlife are killed to advance the interests of public lands ranchers;
  • livestock are damaging to sensitive wetlands or riparian areas; or
  • damage is occurring to streams and aquatic habitats for sensitive fishes and amphibians.
  • Ruminant grazing contributes to the nitrogen load in streams as well as nitrous oxide gasses also a greenhouse gas.

With this petition, we seek reductions in the numbers of commercial livestock on public lands that are sufficient to prevent further damage to native ecosystems, and allow the recovery of currently degraded lands to a natural state. On some lands which evolved in the absence of large grazers, such as the low-elevation shrubsteppes and deserts of the Great Basin, where soil productivity is dependent on fragile biological soil crusts, the appropriate maximum stocking rate for commercial livestock may be zero.

Poorly managed livestock can cause dustbowl effects through overgrazing. Removal of native grasses and trampling and compaction of soils paves the way for invasive weeds such as cheatgrass, which burn with unnatural frequency and convert native desert and shrubsteppe vegetation to cheatgrass monocultures of no habitat value to wildlife. This increase in range fires and the cheatgrass invasion that follows in their wake cannot be successfully stemmed or reversed through the construction of fuelbreaks or an increase in direct attack. In an increasingly flammable West, firefighters have a poor record of extinguishing all ignitions. Furthermore, during windy, drought conditions when large fires are most likely to occur, fires commonly spot a mile or more ahead of the flame front, even leaping interstate highways and major rivers. It is necessary to stop ignoring the root cause of this cycle of cheatgrass and fire – the domestic livestock that spread cheatgrass seeds and destroy the native perennial bunchgrasses and biological soil crusts that are nature’s best defense against cheatgrass invasion.

Commercial livestock grazing on public lands is a taxpayer-subsidized program that costs the American people not only the loss of the quality of our public lands and waters, but also loss of wildlife.

The subsidies for livestock grazing outweigh the fees collected for public lands grazing by approx $1.4 billion annually. (based on Bureau of Land Management 2014 income from Grazing program and 2013 Subsidies) So there is no financial advantage for the nation to underwrite subsidies for this program, but setting these important limitations would have a positive impact on our budget, because it would reduce many of the subsidies to be paid.

We also pay for an agency whose only mission is to deal with predators of livestock, which creates population issues of cervids and other animals. So limitations would also remove the need for Wildlife Services, and saving a further $100 million annually.

This would also remove the migratory problems and injuries we see with fencing. Reopening migratory routes will help keep some species off the ESA list. Injuries to special status species like the greater sage grouse would be greatly reduced by removing fences and limiting grazing  in any areas of critical concern.

Cattle grazing on public lands in the western states is putting a domestic species adapted to moist, northern European ecosystems into an arid environment where they are ill-suited to survive.  As a result, cattle concentrate along streamsides, springs, wetlands, and lakeshores that under natural circumstances are oases of biodiversity with rich and productive vegetation communities, but under heavy grazing and trampling become denuded and degraded. This damage results in the loss or reduction of the large majority of native wildlife that depend on rich riparian habitats for some or all of their life cycles; notable among such species are rare jumping mice, sage-grouse, songbirds, and beavers which are the ecological keystone of western stream systems. We also see a serious decline in water sources or riparian areas due to the lingering nature of livestock near water sources in this type of climate, and the habit of defecating in those waters.

Livestock grazing also has devastating impacts on stream and river systems, and the fishes and other aquatic life that they support. Bank trampling by cattle breaks down overhanging banks that under natural conditions provide shade and cover for fishes, and convert stream profiles from deep and narrow to wide and shallow. This, together with the removal of overhanging natural vegetation and the resulting loss of shade raises water temperatures, often to levels outside the thermal tolerance zones of native trout and salmon. Cattle concentrating along, and wallowing in, streams and rivers results in radical increases in erosion and siltation, turning crystalline waters into turbid flows, and smothering trout and salmon spawning gravels with silt.

Domestic sheep cause additional problems by transmitting pathogens which induce deadly pneumonia in wild bighorn sheep. Pneumonia outbreaks commonly result in losses of 30 to 70% of an affected bighorn herd, with total mortality and local extirpation occurring in some instances. Following a pneumonia outbreak, lambs born to surviving ewes typically die shortly after weaning, resulting in depressed recruitment rates which may inhibit herd growth for years to follow. Despite decades of translocation and restoration efforts to reverse the effects of a precipitous crash in which an estimated 98% of all bighorn sheep were lost, populations Westwide remain at less than 5% of historic numbers. Disease events resulting from contact with domestic sheep are the primary limiting factor in the recovery of this iconic native species.

In summary, by limiting the livestock in areas of conflict or degradation you can: save money, save wildlife, and save the value of our lands and water.

Respectfully yours,

Theresa J Barbour
UVOTE Coalition
PO Box 115
Drain OR 97435

Signing on behalf of:
Erik Molvar
Executive Director
Western Watersheds Project

Dr. Lester Friedlander, DVM
Citizens Against Equine Slaughter


Jeanne Brummet
Unified Voices of the Eagle (UVOTE) Coalition
Public Lands, Truth Campaign, Director

Kathleen Hayden
Coyote Canyon Caballos d’Anza Inc

Michele Anderson
Heber Wild Horses Freedom Preservation Alliance

Kirk Robinson, Ph.D.
Executive Director
Western Wildlife Conservancy


Shelley Silbert
Executive Director
Great Old Broads for Wilderness


Val Cecama-Hogsett
Executive Director
National Wild Horse & Burro Administration


Roger Dobson
Protect The Wolves™
A Native American Group

Nancy Hilding
Prairie Hills Audubon Society


Christina Marie Anderson
Paws Across America Advocacy


Sandi Claypool
Monero Mustangs


Patience O’Dowd
Wild Horse Observers Association


Jen Howe
Wild Horses of Southern Utah


Mr. Ara Marderosian
Sequoia ForestKeeper®


Mike Garrity
Executive Director
Alliance for the Wild Rockies


Camilla H. Fox
Founder & Executive Director
Project Coyote

Christine Blackwell
Hang a Halter

Manda Kailmian
The Cana Foundation


Amy Hanchey
Pegasus Equine Guardian Association

Cc: Members of Congress

Department of the Interior, Leaked Draft 2018–2022 Strategic Plan

A CAES Report-card on Ryan Zinke

2017 CAES© permission to use any part of this article not in it’s entirety is required.

©U.S. Department of the Interior

In a September, 2017 draft, obtained by obtained by Defenders of Wildlife, the Department of Interior, led by Secretary Zinke outlines the nefarious plan for our public lands.

We’ve done a little scorecard on how this plan weighs when compared to a transparent, receptive, forward-looking Interior Department serving the the majority of American’s by continuing and strengthening  our natural heritage, cultures, treaties, and astute, science-based use and/or protection of our natural resources.


MISSION AREA 1:  Conserving Our Land and Water 
GOAL #1:  Utilize science in land, water, species and habitat management supporting decisions and activities
GOAL #2 Manage DOI water storage and delivery to resolve conflicts and expand capacity
GOAL #3: Foster partnerships to achieve balanced stewardship and use of our public lands
GOAL #4: Inform land use planning processes especially for public use and access

 Teddy: established                                           Ryan: strip protections from 
          A. 150 national forests                                 A. 11.3 million acres of public lands
          B. 51 wildlife refuges                                   B. 218 million acres of marine environment
          C. 5 national parks                                       C. Reducing National Monuments              
          D. 18 national monuments                         D. Dismantling wildlife refuges                                                                                                            E. Gutting endangered and critical                                                                                                         species protections
Teddy Roosevelt, would tell Ryan he needs to he protect our national monuments, institute better protections of our wildlife, land air and water.


MISSION AREA 2 Generating Revenue and Utilizing Our Natural Resources 
GOAL #1 Ensure energy and economic security for America
GOAL #2: Ensure access to mineral resources
GOAL #3: Ensure public receives fair market value for resources; fees are reasonable and recover cost
GOAL #4: Focus timber programs on “healthy forests” lifecycle
GOAL #5: Manage grazing resources


A. Vocabulary error
“Sustainability” is a word that Ryan uses often, but doesn’t appear to have done his homework and looked up the definition.
                        1. Cancelled moratorium on coal leases, while announcing a new round of                                leasing in the Powder River Basin, WY
                        2. Ryan announced offshore oil and gas leases in a 77 million-acre region of                              the Gulf of Mexico, while still recovering from the 2010 Deepwater                                          Horizon disaster
                        3.  Ryan joked to the National Petroleum Council that “fracking is proof that                               God’s got a good sense of humor and he loves us.”
 Ryan demonstrates that his understanding of “sustainability” is that; limited resources (oil, gas, minerals, etc.) will secure a sustainable future for the American people. This misunderstanding will be devastating and possibly irreversably damaging to our evnironment, wildlife, and overall quality of life.


MISSION AREA 3 Expanding Outdoor Recreation and Access
GOAL #1: Expand hunting, fishing, and other recreation on DOI lands and waters
GOAL #2: Enhance public satisfaction at DOI sites
A. Ryan has created trust issues with the majority of Americans
                       1. closed-door dealings and speeches
                       2. refusal to publicly release his national monuments report
                       3. ethically questionable business travel
                       4. suspicious relationships with Political Action Committees
                       5. special attention to special interests
                       6. considering drilling adjacent to and even inside 30 national parks
                       7. ignored stakeholders of planning process for conservation of greater-sage                             grouse and how to balance that with other nultiple uses across the west.                              (A move that promotes continuing decline of the bird and likely putting it                              on the endangeres species list.)
Ryan fails to recognize people outside special interest groups, and does not know how to communicate with those outside his usual group of friends. He has total disregard, and no respect for the hard work of others who contributed work before him, nor how his changes will negatively impact them, the environment or the wildlife. He will also be throwing out not only the work already done, but also significant tax dolaars wasted that were used in developing exisiting protections and plans.


MISSION AREA 4 Fulfilling Our Trust and Insular Responsibilities 
GOAL #1: Support tribal self‐determination, self‐governance, and sovereignty
GOAL #2: Fulfill fiduciary trust
GOAL #3: Strengthen economic and health capacities in the US Territories, and fulfill US compact obligations to the freely associated states
A. Vocabulary error
     “Sovereignty” is a word that Ryan uses as a noun, or a thing that can be supported.             This demonstrates his lack of homework doing with his vocabulary list and looking           up definitions once again.
                          1. Reccomendation to shrink Bears Ears National Monument
                          2. Recommendation will stop protection of Indigenous artifacts
                          3. Recommendation will lift protections of Indigenous sacred sites.
                          4. Recommendation is in opposition to member tribes of the Bears Ears                                      Commission.
On the heels of a new administration failing to hear, respect or honor Indigenous rights, or treaties, Ryan deals another blow to our First People recommending the decrease in size of National monuments such as Bears Ears, and lowering the protections for those very things that ought to be the decision of the tribes based on the sovereignty. If Ryan believes in sovereignty, he must learn the it is the right for our Indigenous Peoples “to make their own laws and be governed by them.”


MISSION AREA 5 Protecting Our People and the Border
GOAL 1: Ensure emergency preparedness & DOI law enforcement staffing addresses public safety risks
GOAL 2: Support securing our southern continental US border
GOAL #3: Manage wildland fire to reduce risk and improve ecosystem and community resilience
GOAL #4: Provide science to safeguard communities against natural hazards
As the Secretary of the Interior, Ryan should be asking for more money for his department right? He is failing this part of his job by recommending cuts during his testimony to the Senate in 2017 for the FY 2018 budget.
          Recommendations made for the FY 2018 budget:
               13% cut for the BLM, USFWS, Bureau of Reclamation & US Geological Survey                               (Nearly half from Office of Surface Mining & Reclamation)
               11% cut for the National Park Service
          Rescinded policy that would make companies pay fair market value for oil, gas and                coal extraction on federal lands (loss of revenue to taxpayers $75 million)
Ryan again seems to be leaning in favor of special interest, profit makong ventures, and not increasing funding to protects our heritage, resources or even our tax dollars. Instead the only way he has made any recommendation that would increas income for the department is the idea to triple fees to be admitted to our National Parks.

MISSION AREA 6 Modernizing Our Organization and Infrastructure for the Next 100 Years 
GOAL #1: Align DOI organizational structure and workforce to improve partnership engagement and mission delivery
GOAL #2: Reduce administrative and regulatory burden
GOAL #3: Prioritize DOI infrastructure needs and reduce deferred maintenance backlog
A clear agenda that is contrary to the job he is in. 
     A. Ryan doesn’t seem to understand that the Deparment of Interior doesn’t oversee                  the Customs and Border Protection, whic is actually acomponent of the                                 Department of Homeland Security. 
     B. Ryan claims conservation, safety and public health policies are “burdensome” on               energy production (oil, natural gas, coal and nuclear) in a report issued in response           to Executive Order 13783. The Dept of Interior feel that protections for wildlife and           habitat, science consultation for critical species and areas deemed areas of critical             concern are among these burdensome things. But that’s not all, he also feels that                 planning & appeals processes (that pesky public involvement component) and of               course all those exhaustive permits to satisfy legislative and administrative                         requirements. These all just get in the way of making “America Energy Dominant”.
     C. The National Park System has a $12 billion maintenance backlog, and the National             Wildlife Refuge System is suffering a $2.7 billion backlog yet Ryan calls for a $1.6               billion budget cut for his department. 
     D. Ryan’s “reorganization” through the reassignment of over 50 top staffers at the DOI            was done involuntarily and often to new positions in which the staffer had no                    expertise. This can never be productive for an organization to function efficiently.
     E. Ryan supports the elimination of about 4,000 jobs at the DOI. Further adding insult           to injury many more will be uprooted with his plans to move 3 DOI agency                           headquarters to Denver from Washington DC, a move that is clearly an attempt to             further keep the states that are not the west out of the loop on western land issues,             such as the push to transfer federal lands to states.
The only issue that hould concern him with the border should be effects of a border wallon wildlife and habitat, including endangered species and several national wildlife refuges. Ryan needs to focus on a fair nd healthy balance between energy development and resource conservation that protects our future, not seeing these protections and policies as burdensome. While we agree that some positions in the Department of Interior could be eliminated, we disagree with moves or eliminations due to retaliation on those who disagree with Ryan and the special interest group he clearly works for. We do not believe moving offices that deal primarily with issues that are western issues to western offices is an appropriate way to represent those public land owners who live in the eastern states. This limits the information and public meetings access, along with contributing to a feeling of secrecy and “good old boy club” atmosphere. Taunting his own staff saying 30% are not loyal is not a professional way to handle human resources, and is not going to breed a healthy work environment, thus furthering the feeling of mistrust and division. 

∑ Overall Reportcard Score –  is that Ryan moved up a grade when he clearly was not ready.
Ryan Zinke’s actions are contrary to his job description, he has a clear dislike and disregard for conservation, preservation and majority interests. We believe it is time for Ryan to change jobs. He is no more qualified for this job than was the scientists he put into an accounting position. We believe that Ryan Zinke cannot achieve the goals of the Department of the Interior when he fails to realize that the goal is to protect and preserve, conserve and respect…not profit.






zinke signs order 16x9

Please remember that CAES and our other branched, National Wild Horse & Burro Administration and Public Lands Truth Campaign are 100% volunteer and we can only do the work we do with your support. Please consider making a contribution or becoming a member through a monthly donation.
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Continue reading “Department of the Interior, Leaked Draft 2018–2022 Strategic Plan”

Does Chris Stewart Give Alternate Facts About Wild Horses Or is He Questioning His Own Religion?


chris stewart
The Mormon Congressmen who set 3 world records and writes New York Times best-selling books.

Representative Chris Stewart of UT is a Mormon. He is also one of the most outspoken adversaries of wild horses. He claims they are over-populated, starving, destroying the land, and that they are merely animals that escaped domestication and now live wild on our public lands.

There have been many scientific finds, mitochondrial analysis, fossil finds, carbon dating, and a comparative analysis of the Yukon horse to modern wild horses proves that the genetic markers are so similar that the horses are unlikely to have been extinct during the 10,000 years after the Pleistocene Era.

The one fact that Chris Stewart has never addressed, and one that makes us question not only his moral compass, but also his sincerity in statements made, is that the Book of Mormon, used by the Church of Latter-day Saints, mentions horses several times. This would mean that horses never went extinct on this continent, which proves a constant evolution of Equines for 58 million years.

Several artifacts have been found that are from the period in question. They include fossils, petroglyphs, cave carvings and drawings, and sculptures like the ones in this photograph.

The Book of Mormon speaks of horses in Lamanites (Alma 18:9 – 10; 20:6), Nephites (3 Ne. 3:22). Throughout the book horses are mentioned as an indigenous species. In Ether 9:19 Jaredites had horses. 1 Nephi 18:25 horses are mentioned with other large animals. Enos 1:21 tells us that Nephites had many horses among flocks. Alma 18:9 – 10 says the Lamanite King, Lamoni had horses and chariots. 3 Nephi 6:1 says the Nephites had horses after the Gadianton Robbers. The last mention of horses in the Book of Mormon is from approximately AD 26.

Mr Stewart among many other public figures, repeat the rhetoric we hear frequently. The accepted theory that allow wild horses to be treated as some invasive, unwanted animal. That theory is that all wild horses are descended from European stock. The theory is that after the 10,000 years of extinction horses, that were mostly of Spanish and Portuguese stock, were brought during the Spanish conquistadors expedition.

As with many claims made about our wild horses, there is just no clear, evidence to support this theory. However, there is much historical evidence that would seem to point out the polar opposite of that theory.  The Spanish revered the importance of the horses brought here, they needed them for war, to conquer this new world. Very meticulous records were kept as to the fate of each horse, and in no record do they believe their horses escaped and disappeared into the wild.

We also would need to consider that for them to have populated our continent, there would have to have been a stallion and mare escape at the same time, stay together and reproduce. They would have had to repeat this behavior for centuries which in itself is an unlikely occurrence.

Consideration would then have to be given to whether or not these escaped Spanish horses arrived early enough to account for horses kept by Indigenous tribes, which were documented by early European explorers. There were 4 early expeditions that brought horses, they were the expeditions of Cortes, Narvaez, de Soto, and de Coronado.

Discovery by Europeans of horses found among Native American tribes. Graphic by Daniel Johnson

The chronicles of these expeditions make the claim that our wild horses are descended from these Spanish horses nearly impossible. Narvaez only had one surviving horse, that doesn’t work for being the creator of modern day wild horses. The other 3 conquistadors made Spanish land advances as far as Texas where they were stopped by the Plains Indians who already had horses. Given there is no explanation for how the Plains Indians got those horses, and knowing there was one Spanish horse surviving before they came to the Americas, the theory of modern horses descending from escaped Spanish Conquistadors just becomes fiction.

Sketches of North American petroglyphs found in the Black Mesa area of Cimarron County, Oklahoma.

Mr, Stewart also contradicts some Latter-day Saint authors who mention horses in Mesoamerican artworks. Although these images are rare now and the fact that they are subjective do not in themselves provide any proof that horses were no extinct here, but must be added to the growing proof.

One such artwork mentioned is found at Chichen Itza. It is on the side of a building called the Temple of the Wall Panels. It is interpreted by Latter-day Saint scholars to be a man standing next to a horse. The carving has been dated to the 9th or 10th century AD, long after the last mention in the Book of Mormon, but definitely pre-Colombian. In the image below the wall shows erosion to some degree so the photo has an outline drawn on it to show the remaining details more clearly.


Mitochondrial-DNA analysis, of the Yukon horse bones found recently, found that the modern horse, Equus caballus, is genetically equivalent to Equus lambei.  These fossil records represent the most recent Equus species in North America prior to Equus caballus. Not only is Equus caballus genetically a match to Equus lambei, but no evidence exists for the origin of Equus caballus anywhere except North America.

yukon horse equus lambei

So the science is there to prove that today’s modern horse is at a minimum a reintroduced native species, and there is sufficient evidence to support the theory that horses never went extinct on the North American continent.

Given all of this information we have to wonder why politicians like Chris Stewart have continued to ignore the science, continued to repeat the exaggerated population claims of the Bureau of Land Management, misrepresents truth, misleads federal budget hearing committees and calls for the death of healthy wild horses. Just like the science can prove the origins of modern horse, the records of the Bureau of Land Management can prove the population growth, according to their own census, are also nothing more than myth.

There is a very simple solution to wild horse population management, but less than one percent of the Wild Horse & Burro budget is spent on it. And that is management on the range with PZP, a birth control vaccine.

For more information on ‘On the Range Management’  or any other questions on this publication, please email: or call our office at 541-315-6650.


Wild Horse Summit Fundraiser!


Citizens Against Equine Slaughter is raising funds to send Patience, a delegate for CAES, to the National Wild Horse and Burro Summit. The conference will take place in Salt Lake City, Utah on August 22nd – 24th, 2017. The goal of the summit will be to discuss full implementation of the 1971 Wild Horse and Burro Management Act. The meeting will be attended by Utah Governor Gary Herbert, Secretary of the Interior Ryan Zinke, and Utah Representative Chris Stewart, among others. As many of you know, wild horse and burros are facing unrestricted sale to slaughter and/or euthanasia in the coming months. Unrestricted slaughter was already approved by the House Appropriations Committee and will be voted on by the Senate Appropriations Committee in early August. It is imperative that an advocate for wild horses and burros attend this important summit. So far, there are no other advocates attending the meeting, but there needs to be a voice for the horses and burros! Patience has the knowledge and legal expertise to represent our advocacy. This fund is to cover the registration fee ($275), the field tour fee ($60) and accomodations ($215). We need to raise funds quickly! Please help get Patience to Utah to speak out for our wild horses and burros!

You can donate through GoFundMe here:

If you would like to contact Citizens Against Equine Slaughter, you can email them directly:

Here is the informational brochure for the Wild Horse and Burros Summit:


CAES Stands with the American Public and Condemns Horse Slaughter


Citizens Against Equine Slaughter stands in unity with 80% of the American public in its condemnation of horse slaughter processes used in Canada, Mexico and even when it was done in the USA.

Anyone who has witnessed a horse being slaughtered can tell you how much suffering is inflicted on the animal before it finally dies. But even more than that, the presence of a slaughter house in your neighborhood can have a devastating effect on the entire community. We can learn from past experience just how much damage is done when a slaughterhouse opens in your town. First, there is the odor. Decaying meat smells drift through the air attracting vermin. There are also the other smells, like the smell of waste that is ever-present.

Along with foul odor, there is the pollution involved in disposing of unused portions of the carcasses, which can lay in dumpsters for days before being removed, the blood flowing into the sewer systems and overflowing at times. These and many other problems have been experienced in those areas where formerly there were horse slaughtering plants even in America. For a community trying to enforce regulations and health codes, many trips to the courthouse must be made and taxpayer dollars spent. And for those who consider this a good way to bring jobs to the area, the number of people employed are small, especially when you consider the tax dollars needed to manage the environmental issues that occur. It has even been suggested that crime rates go up and then drop when the slaughterhouse closes down.

The other very important point to consider when deciding to support the slaughter of equines is the fact that horses and other equines are not raised as meat animals and therefore regularly consume many drugs that a beef cow would never be allowed to eat. As a person who owned horses for over 40 years, I can personally attest that I never had a horse that did not end up needing bute (phenylbutazone)….a commonly used medication for horses in pain—and one that is toxic to humans and remains in the horse’s system even after death. So even when horses are shipped outside of the US for slaughter, the threat to our global neighbors is great. As a country that prides itself on compassion and being a good global neighbor we should pass laws forbidding our horses to ship anywhere to be killed and eaten. It is just the humane thing to do, for the horses AND for ourselves.

Citizens Against Equine Slaughter will continue to fight for passage of laws that will stop this cruel and undesirable practice of selling horses for human consumption. Horses are a recreational animal and have many therapeutic attributes that greatly enhance human lives. Eating them is not good for Mankind, and setting up slaughtering plants is costly in dollars and in environmental impact. End slaughter! PASS THE SAFE ACT.

Jeanne Brummet

August 1, 2017

Further Reading:

Food and Chemical Toxicology

Food Science



What it means for wild horses of the West.

Screenshot 2017-07-22 05.49.55

This is what is posted on the House Appropriations page…..doesn’t make much clear does it? Let’s take a look at what the bill said originally and what the change is, and the final, adopted version (by the House Full Committee)…..

Screenshot 2017-07-22 05.45.03

So what does the wording change mean —

The statement – in the original (the first paragraph in the above photo), funds are not available for the destruction of healthy or unadopted horses OR sale resulting in processing or commercial products

The definition – destruction of healthy or unadopted – Euthanasia

sale resulting in processing or commercial products – Slaughter

The statement – in the final version (the last paragraph in the above photo), funds are not available for the sale of…resulting in destruction for processing into products or meat

The definition – sale resulting in destruction for products or meat – Slaughter


So where are we right now?

The House Full committee has voted in the Stewart Amendment leaving us with the last version, which does not allow funds for ‘slaughter’ but has taken out language restricting ‘euthanasia’.

The Bill however, must still be approved by the Full House, and it still has to be heard and approved by the Senate Subcommittee, Full Committee and Full Senate.

Each of these bills goes through a sub and full committee of each the House and Senate, and also must be passed by the “Floor” in each the Full House, and Full Senate. Another way to look at this:

How does a Bill to get to completion?

House (sub)committee A + House (larger) (full) Committee B + House Full Membership (all the Representatives) (sometimes called the Floor) C = Full House Adoption (passing of the Bill by the House of Reps.) D

Senate (sub)committee E + Senate (larger) (full) Committee F + Senate Full Membership (all the Senators) (sometimes called the Floor)G = Full Senate Adoption (passing of the Bill by the Senate) H

D + H = FY 2018 Budget Appropriations Act  (The done deal)

What can we do at this stage?

  1. Call your Representative:  Find My Rep. and let them know you do not want them to pass this bill with the Stewart Amendment which allows funding to be used to euthanize horses (No Slaughter OR Euthanizing healthy or unadoptable horses)
  2. Call the members of the Senate Appropriations Committee (we recommend just making the time to contact the entire committee because they are fast-tracking these bills!)


As always, if these articles, and information are useful to you, please consider helping Citizens Against Equine Slaughter stay in the fight for our nation’s beautiful, majestic equines. You can support us by volunteering or through donations by clicking on the Donate button found on this website. We are all volunteer, and our only mission is to protect the lives and homes of these sentient beings.

Representative Amodei Violates US Criminal Code, Title 18

CAES letterhead

Press Release: US Representative Amodei testified yesterday 7/12/17 in the House Appropriations Committee illegally “misleading”[1] Congress and the nation, regarding extreme animal cruelty of in field sterilization experiments planned in Oregon.
Per CAES legislative liaison Val Cecama Hogsett, Mr Amodei made a statement to the committee that an NGO had sued the BLM regarding birth control experimentation in Oregon with the result that the government had no alternative to warehousing wild horses outside of slaughter.
The NGO referenced was CAES. The experimentation referenced was in fact not “birth control” but in field sterilization via ovariectomy and colpotomy of 200 wild mares in different stages of pregnancy. This is extreme animal cruelty and was indeed halted by the suit[2] filed pro se by Patience O’Dowd in an administrative Appeal by CAES.
CAES believes Representative Amodei’s statement mislead the Congress and the nation to think that there is no viable alternative to slaughter or euthanasia when clearly CAES and Wild Horse Advocates and scientists are overwhelmingly promoting feasible and humane “On Range Management” by birth control PZP immuno-contraception as recommended by the National Academy of Sciences. Sadly, this esteemed and feasible recommendation was not even mentioned in committee.
The result was a very close vote in this committee of 27 to 25 to allow horse slaughter in the United States. CAES believes Representative Amodei’s testimony clearly is in violation of 18 U.S. Code § 1001 – Statements or entries generally
It is well known that our nation is strongly opposed to horse slaughter[3], hence some of our representatives work in a stealthy manner to re-install this unnecessary abhorrent special interest practice.

Congress must not try to mislead in order to obtain this result so clearly against our national culture.

CAES is submitting a title 18 complaint against Representative Amodei.

Respectfully submitted this 13th day of July, 2017
Dr. Lester Castor Friedlander D.V.M., president of Citizens Against Equine Slaughter

Press Contact:
Val Cecama Hogsett

[1] The House of Representatives Full Appropriations Committee

[2] BLM Motion to Vacate and Remand in Citizens Against Equine Slaughter, et al. 20160909-CAES-IBLA-Motion-to-VR-Mare-Sterilization-Research-EA

[3] ASPCA Press Release, Research Confirms Americans Strongly Oppose Slaughter of Horses