Does Chris Stewart Give Alternate Facts About Wild Horses Or is He Questioning His Own Religion?

 

chris stewart
The Mormon Congressmen who set 3 world records and writes New York Times best-selling books.

Representative Chris Stewart of UT is a Mormon. He is also one of the most outspoken adversaries of wild horses. He claims they are over-populated, starving, destroying the land, and that they are merely animals that escaped domestication and now live wild on our public lands.

There have been many scientific finds, mitochondrial analysis, fossil finds, carbon dating, and a comparative analysis of the Yukon horse to modern wild horses proves that the genetic markers are so similar that the horses are unlikely to have been extinct during the 10,000 years after the Pleistocene Era.

The one fact that Chris Stewart has never addressed, and one that makes us question not only his moral compass, but also his sincerity in statements made, is that the Book of Mormon, used by the Church of Latter-day Saints, mentions horses several times. This would mean that horses never went extinct on this continent, which proves a constant evolution of Equines for 58 million years.

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Several artifacts have been found that are from the period in question. They include fossils, petroglyphs, cave carvings and drawings, and sculptures like the ones in this photograph.

The Book of Mormon speaks of horses in Lamanites (Alma 18:9 – 10; 20:6), Nephites (3 Ne. 3:22). Throughout the book horses are mentioned as an indigenous species. In Ether 9:19 Jaredites had horses. 1 Nephi 18:25 horses are mentioned with other large animals. Enos 1:21 tells us that Nephites had many horses among flocks. Alma 18:9 – 10 says the Lamanite King, Lamoni had horses and chariots. 3 Nephi 6:1 says the Nephites had horses after the Gadianton Robbers. The last mention of horses in the Book of Mormon is from approximately AD 26.

Mr Stewart among many other public figures, repeat the rhetoric we hear frequently. The accepted theory that allow wild horses to be treated as some invasive, unwanted animal. That theory is that all wild horses are descended from European stock. The theory is that after the 10,000 years of extinction horses, that were mostly of Spanish and Portuguese stock, were brought during the Spanish conquistadors expedition.

As with many claims made about our wild horses, there is just no clear, evidence to support this theory. However, there is much historical evidence that would seem to point out the polar opposite of that theory.  The Spanish revered the importance of the horses brought here, they needed them for war, to conquer this new world. Very meticulous records were kept as to the fate of each horse, and in no record do they believe their horses escaped and disappeared into the wild.

We also would need to consider that for them to have populated our continent, there would have to have been a stallion and mare escape at the same time, stay together and reproduce. They would have had to repeat this behavior for centuries which in itself is an unlikely occurrence.

Consideration would then have to be given to whether or not these escaped Spanish horses arrived early enough to account for horses kept by Indigenous tribes, which were documented by early European explorers. There were 4 early expeditions that brought horses, they were the expeditions of Cortes, Narvaez, de Soto, and de Coronado.

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Discovery by Europeans of horses found among Native American tribes. Graphic by Daniel Johnson

The chronicles of these expeditions make the claim that our wild horses are descended from these Spanish horses nearly impossible. Narvaez only had one surviving horse, that doesn’t work for being the creator of modern day wild horses. The other 3 conquistadors made Spanish land advances as far as Texas where they were stopped by the Plains Indians who already had horses. Given there is no explanation for how the Plains Indians got those horses, and knowing there was one Spanish horse surviving before they came to the Americas, the theory of modern horses descending from escaped Spanish Conquistadors just becomes fiction.

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Sketches of North American petroglyphs found in the Black Mesa area of Cimarron County, Oklahoma.

Mr, Stewart also contradicts some Latter-day Saint authors who mention horses in Mesoamerican artworks. Although these images are rare now and the fact that they are subjective do not in themselves provide any proof that horses were no extinct here, but must be added to the growing proof.

One such artwork mentioned is found at Chichen Itza. It is on the side of a building called the Temple of the Wall Panels. It is interpreted by Latter-day Saint scholars to be a man standing next to a horse. The carving has been dated to the 9th or 10th century AD, long after the last mention in the Book of Mormon, but definitely pre-Colombian. In the image below the wall shows erosion to some degree so the photo has an outline drawn on it to show the remaining details more clearly.

yucatan

Mitochondrial-DNA analysis, of the Yukon horse bones found recently, found that the modern horse, Equus caballus, is genetically equivalent to Equus lambei.  These fossil records represent the most recent Equus species in North America prior to Equus caballus. Not only is Equus caballus genetically a match to Equus lambei, but no evidence exists for the origin of Equus caballus anywhere except North America.

yukon horse equus lambei

So the science is there to prove that today’s modern horse is at a minimum a reintroduced native species, and there is sufficient evidence to support the theory that horses never went extinct on the North American continent.

Given all of this information we have to wonder why politicians like Chris Stewart have continued to ignore the science, continued to repeat the exaggerated population claims of the Bureau of Land Management, misrepresents truth, misleads federal budget hearing committees and calls for the death of healthy wild horses. Just like the science can prove the origins of modern horse, the records of the Bureau of Land Management can prove the population growth, according to their own census, are also nothing more than myth.

There is a very simple solution to wild horse population management, but less than one percent of the Wild Horse & Burro budget is spent on it. And that is management on the range with PZP, a birth control vaccine.

For more information on ‘On the Range Management’  or any other questions on this publication, please email: citizensagainstequineslaughter@gmail.com or call our office at 541-315-6650.

 

ACTION ALERT: STOP THE SECRET MEETING OF THE SOCIETY OF MAD SCIENTISTS AND HORSE HATERS!

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**Tell USU President Noelle Cockett and Mad Scientist Messmer that they are breaking UT Code Title 52, Chapter 4, Open & Public Meetings Act. **

Talking points:

*NO public, state or federal funds, paid to the University, can be used for this CLOSED conference/workshop.

*Members attending, using taxpayer money to pay for entry fees, hotel or other travel expenses, are also breaking the law by attending.

*This closed meeting, in which they intend to discuss the fate of public resources (wild horses & burros) and how public funds, taxpayer dollars will be used to implement that fate, does not meet the requirements for closed meeting or executive session.

*The plan to record all but the panel discussion with the scientific ‘experts’ is unacceptable. The public has the right t know and hear the opinions of the scientists that this representative ‘coalition’ or horse haters bases their decisions on. (Too often the science is twisted to meet a pre-determined outcome.)

Flood emails, answering machines, and fax lines with messages expressing your outrage! USU must open this meeting to the press and public or face the consequences of violating the law!

Contacts:

Noelle Cockett
noelle.cockett@usu.edu
Business or work: (435) 797-1162
Fax: (435) 797-1173

Terry Messmer
terry.messmer@usu.edu
Phone: (435) 797-3975

Send a letter to the University Board of Trustees (the chairman of the board is Mr. Jody K. Burnett, if you want to address it to him) using this link:

https://www.usu.edu/trustees/contact/

CAES sent this letter to the University President, Mr. Messmer who is hosting the event (he is a professor) and the Board of Trustees. We’ve attached our letter here as well:

UT-WH-B-Conf-Letter-to-University

Read more about our fundraiser to send CAES delegate Patience to the meeting:

Wild Horse Summit Fundraiser!

STEWART SEMANTICS

THE STEWART AMENDMENT TO THE INTERIOR FY 2018 BUDGET

What it means for wild horses of the West.

Screenshot 2017-07-22 05.49.55

This is what is posted on the House Appropriations page…..doesn’t make much clear does it? Let’s take a look at what the bill said originally and what the change is, and the final, adopted version (by the House Full Committee)…..

Screenshot 2017-07-22 05.45.03

So what does the wording change mean —

The statement – in the original (the first paragraph in the above photo), funds are not available for the destruction of healthy or unadopted horses OR sale resulting in processing or commercial products

The definition – destruction of healthy or unadopted – Euthanasia

sale resulting in processing or commercial products – Slaughter

The statement – in the final version (the last paragraph in the above photo), funds are not available for the sale of…resulting in destruction for processing into products or meat

The definition – sale resulting in destruction for products or meat – Slaughter

 

So where are we right now?

The House Full committee has voted in the Stewart Amendment leaving us with the last version, which does not allow funds for ‘slaughter’ but has taken out language restricting ‘euthanasia’.

The Bill however, must still be approved by the Full House, and it still has to be heard and approved by the Senate Subcommittee, Full Committee and Full Senate.

Each of these bills goes through a sub and full committee of each the House and Senate, and also must be passed by the “Floor” in each the Full House, and Full Senate. Another way to look at this:

How does a Bill to get to completion?

House (sub)committee A + House (larger) (full) Committee B + House Full Membership (all the Representatives) (sometimes called the Floor) C = Full House Adoption (passing of the Bill by the House of Reps.) D

Senate (sub)committee E + Senate (larger) (full) Committee F + Senate Full Membership (all the Senators) (sometimes called the Floor)G = Full Senate Adoption (passing of the Bill by the Senate) H

D + H = FY 2018 Budget Appropriations Act  (The done deal)

What can we do at this stage?

  1. Call your Representative:  Find My Rep. and let them know you do not want them to pass this bill with the Stewart Amendment which allows funding to be used to euthanize horses (No Slaughter OR Euthanizing healthy or unadoptable horses)
  2. Call the members of the Senate Appropriations Committee (we recommend just making the time to contact the entire committee because they are fast-tracking these bills!)

 

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As always, if these articles, and information are useful to you, please consider helping Citizens Against Equine Slaughter stay in the fight for our nation’s beautiful, majestic equines. You can support us by volunteering or through donations by clicking on the Donate button found on this website. We are all volunteer, and our only mission is to protect the lives and homes of these sentient beings.

Representatives Stewart, Amodei, and Simpson Mislead Interior Appropriations Committee to Vote for Mass Euthanasia of Wild Horses

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Representatives Chris Stewart (UT),  Mark Amodei (NV), and Mike Simpson (ID) mislead the Interior Appropriations committee in order to trick representatives into voting for MASS EUTHANASIA of U.S. Wild Horses. (A voice vote was taken so they cannot individually be held accountable.) Video of the Interior Appropriations Committee meeting is posted below.

Watch Video Here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=thGTKpf8PW4&feature=share

ADVOCATES MUST CALL THEIR US Senators and Reps AGAINST BOTH SLAUGHTER of Domestic Horses AND MASS EUTHANASIA of U.S. Wild Horses.

Contact your House Reps here:
http://www.house.gov/representatives/find/

Contact your Senate Reps here:
https://www.senate.gov/general/contact_information/senators_cfm.cfm?OrderBy=state

Read more about Representative Amodei’s violation of U.S. criminal code, Title 18 here: Representative Amodei Violates US Criminal Code, Title 18

Press Contact:
Val Cecama Hogsett
541.315.6650

Congressman Chris Stewart Violates U.S.C. Title 18

Press Release: July 7th, 2017

Citizens Against Equine Slaughter has found evidence that the Department of the Interior (DOI), Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and at least one Congressman are guilty of violating 923. 18 U.S.C. § 371—Conspiracy to Defraud the United States:

“The general conspiracy statute, 18 U.S.C. § 371, creates an offense “[i]f two or more persons conspire either to commit any offense against the United States, or to defraud the United States, or any agency thereof in any manner or for any purpose. (emphasis added).”

Congressman Stewart Reports a 41% increase in WH&B population in less than 5 months – IMPOSSIBLE

We find that Chris Stewart did stand in front of a Congressional Appropriations Subcommittee for the Department of the Interior in 2016, addressing the BLM FY 2017 Budget. He did state that the wild horse population, in a majority, on the range were starving, or dying from dehydration. He also stated that there were, at that time, 67,000 wild horses on the range. These claims and population statements were those made by the BLM and the DOI in several media sources, as well as the Budget Justification letter submitted to Congress.

screenshot-stewart house gov 2017-07-07 16-02-19
Screen grab from video of Rep. Stewart’s presentation to the Congressional Appropriations Subcommittee for the Department of the Interior in 2016

These 2 population statements would suggest that the wild horses went from approximately 47,000 in January 2016 to 67,000 by May of 2016 a 41% increase in less than 5 months? When BLM skews the ratio of stallions to mares on the range, 60 :40, this would mean that with 40 percent of the 47,000 wild horses in January, 18,800 would be mares, and all of them along with approximately 1,500 stallions had to have given birth in 5 months to achieve the 67,000 population boom stated in May of 2016.

  1. We found that the August 2016 Environmental Assessment, Adobe Town Wild Horse Movements & Habitat Selection Research Gather, DOI-BLM-WY-D030-2016-0104-EA, page 35, Line 132 and 133, stated the wild horse population on the range was less than in holding (47,403 in holding), according to BLM officials in January of 2016. https://eplanning.blm.gov/epl-front-office/projects/nepa/59671/97559/117715/Draft_Adobe_Town_Habitat_Movements_Research_EA_9-23-2016.pdf
  2. Then in the Interior Appropriations subcommittee mark up, Representative Chris Stewart did state on 25, May 2016 that “There are more than 67,000 of them (horses) now, …” https://stewart.house.gov/media-center/press-releases/rep-chris-stewart-calls-for-bipartisan-solution-to-the-overpopulation-of

Was there even a census between these two numbers showing a 41% increase from Jan to May of the same year (2016)?

While we gathered photos of horses across the 10 states in various HMA’s to prove they were healthy, we found no wild horse advocate group with volunteers on the ground, no wild horse photographer, and even one ranch manager (Stacey Davies, from Roaring Springs Ranch in Oregon) who stated he knew of NO starving horses in Oregon, during a meeting of the Steens Advisory Council. So we asked, but never received any proof of this claim of “tens of thousands of horses that look like this”, made by Representative Stewart, as he held up an old photo of a mare and foal from one instance in 2015 in which human interference with wildlife created an issue where the horses did not act naturally, but instead became emaciated.

Along with these claims of health crisis and population booms, there is always the claim of rangeland destruction, but the question must be asked when photographic, or range-tour evidence is presented, was there ever livestock here? How long ago? And did the time after livestock were removed allow for rest and recovery. There is no wild horse habitat without livestock damage that proves the wild horses are destructive. Even studies such as the WY radio-collaring of wild horses in the Adobe Town Herd Management Area will be biased by the fact that plant life or consumption will be looked at based on the location given by the collars of the horses, however, no other species that eats these plants is simultaneously studied. Therefore, there is no valid way of scientifically determining what ate that plant. Making that aspect of the entire study invalid

We assert that these statements and misrepresentations of truth are intentional

We assert that these statements and misrepresentations of truth are intentional, and done to convince the public as well as Congressional members to agree to an agenda to push these horses off the range or to genetic extinction. Many herds show signs of inbreeding when the genetic analysis reports are read. Augmenting genetics with the odd mare from an outside herd is not keeping the unique genetics found in different herds or areas viable or separate from the meta population, rather destroying any uniqueness. The augmentation method has also proved unsuccessful in the Kiger/Riddle HMA’s of Oregon. The Oregon genetic analysis reports have shown a steady decline in viability, even with outside mare or stallion introductions.

These intentional lies and mistruths must be exposed, and those perpetrating them must be charged with violation of U.S.C. Title 18, with intent to misinform the U. S. government to reach special interest agendas while misleading the people they are to serve.

Submitted to Congressman Raul Grijalva for the Congressional record, to be shared with the Natural Resources Committee of which he is the Ranking Member, on 7, July 2017.

Media Contact:
Val Cecama-Hogsett
541.315.6650